Commercial Pressure on Land

Land & Investments

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

 

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Latest News

    19 Maio 2017

    A Procuradoria Federal dos Direitos do Cidadão - braço do Ministério Público Federal -, encaminhou nesta terça-feira, 16. ao procurador-geral da República, Rodrigo Janot, informações sobre "graves violações" contidas na Lei 13.178/2015 - norma que ratificou naquele ano, de maneira automática, os registros de terras públicas e devolutas em regiões de fronteira no Brasil.

    5 Maio 2017

    Porto Novo, 04 Mai (Inforpress) – A situação em que se encontra a Ribeira de Carpinteiro, em Ribeira das Patas, interior do Porto Novo, Santo Antão, devastada, em 2012, pela extracção desenfreada de inertes, está a tornar-se “um caso muito sério” do ponto vista ambiental.

    O alerta é dos agricultores que têm assistido, nos últimos anos, à destruição, pelas enxurradas, das suas parcelas e das infra-estruturas hidráulicas, situação que, segundos os lavradores, é consequência da extracção desregrada de inertes nessa ribeira, onde várias famílias praticavam agricultura.

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    Latest Events

    23 Agosto 2017 to 25 Agosto 2017

    Localização

    Curitiba, Brasil Curitiba
    Brasil
    BR

    Nos dias 23,24 e 25 de agosto do presente ano, levar-se-á a cabo o TERCEIRO CONGRESSO IBEROAMERICANO DE SOLO URBANO na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil, com o tema “O solo na nova agenda urbana”, organizado de maneira conjunta pelo Colégio Mexiquence AC, a Universidade Federal do Paraná, a Universidade Pontifícia Católica do Paraná e a Universidade Positivo.

    30 Julho 2017 to 14 Agosto 2017

    Localização

    Belém - Pará- Brasil
    Universidade Federal de Viçosa
    Belém - Pará- Brasil
    Brasil
    BR

    O Congresso Brasileiro de Ciência do Solo (CBCS), chega a sua 36ª edição, cuja realização será no coração da Amazônia, Belém do Pará, pela Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia e instituições parceiras, no período de 30 de julho a 4 de agosto de 2017. Constitui-se no mais importante evento da área de solos no país, promovido pela Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (SBCS), a qual em 2017 completará 70 anos, promovendo o desenvolvimento da Ciência do Solo no Brasil.

    7 Junho 2017 to 9 Junho 2017

    Localização

    Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
    13083-970 São Paulo
    Brasil
    BR

    O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



    O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

    Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

    9 Maio 2017 to 12 Maio 2017

    Localização

    Centro Brasileiro para Conservação da Natureza e Desenvolvimento Sustentável
    Rua Christovam Lopes de Carvalho nº27, Sala 801
    Viçosa, Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR

    Com intuito de promover conhecimentos e experiência desenvolvidas na recuperação e degradação ambiental nos diversos biomas brasileiros, o evento pretende contribuir com a difícil tarefa de restauração desses biomas.

    Debates

    Closed
    23 Janeiro 2017 to 24 Fevereiro 2017
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino

    Convidamos as organizações, entidades, movimentos, grupos e pessoas com experiência ou interesse no tema para contribuir com a discussão que tem o objetivo de entender melhor / sistematizar os diferentes tipos de conflitos fundiários urbanos, os desafios e oportunidades para superá-los e as boas práticas e ferramentas inovadoras que têm sido utilizadas para ação informada, prevenção e mediação dos conflitos no Brasil e na região América Latina e Caribe.

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    Displaying 1 - 6 of 596
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    Reports & Research
    Outubro 2017

    This study assessed the contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District. Specifically, it assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to which GGM has contributed to socio-economic development in the study area, and examined the communities’ perceptions of environmental problems associated with mining activities and their impact on community well-being. A cross-sectional research design was employed, in which qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection were used.

    Manuals & Guidelines
    Maio 2017

    Esta publicação busca trazer a todos os Municípios brasileiros orientações sobre como incorporar a nova agenda de desenvolvimento, a Agenda de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (Agenda 2030) no planejamento e na gestão municipal. Trata-se de uma agenda global para o desenvolvimento humano e sustentável à qual o Brasil, junto com outros 192 países, aderiu em setembro de 2015, e que deve ser implantada até 2030.

    In the Valley of the Shadow of Death? cover image
    Reports & Research
    Maio 2017

    London Mining Network is an alliance of human rights, development, environmental and solidarity groups working in support of communities around the world who are badly affected by mining companies based in, or financed from, London.

    One such company is Antofagasta plc, one of the larger mining companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. The majority of its operations are in Chile. The most significant shareholders in Antofagasta are members of the Luksic family, a wealthy Chilean family which is also involved in a number of other businesses.

    Journal Articles & Books
    Maio 2017

    This paper uses the case of South Africa’s latest land redistribution strategy known as the Proactive Land Acquisition Strategy, to explore whether, and how, research can have direct and positive impacts on beneficiaries of land reform. The study is situated within the practice of action research: to explore how it can generate knowledge that can be shared back and forth between stakeholders, as well as how it may ignite changes that the participants desire. The findings are that Proactive Land Acquisition Strategy is not meeting the overall goals land reform.

    Legislation & Policies
    Maio 2017

    A Lei n.º 62/2012, de 10 de dezembro, criou a bolsa nacional de terras para utilização agrícola, florestal ou silvopastoril, nos termos da qual a Direção -Geral de Agricultura e Desenvolvimento Rural (DGADR) exerce as funções de entidade gestora da referida bolsa. A Resolução do Conselho de Ministros n.º 24/2014, de 20 de março criou o grupo de acompanhamento da bolsa de terras, integrado, nomeadamente, por representantes das direções regionais de agricultura e pescas e das GeOp.

    Phillipines.jpg
    Reports & Research
    Maio 2017

    Source: Farmlandgrab

    Veuillez trouver ci-joint une nouvelle publication intitulée “Accaparement de terres et droits humains: Le rôle des acteurs européens à l’étranger.” Ce document contient plusieurs examples de cas d’Afrique. En plus, il contient des recommandations de mesures à prendre par l’Union européenes et ses Etats membres pour arrêter et prévenir l’accaparement des terres et promouvoir les droits humains.