Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Indicators

Share (%) of Agricultural Value added with respect to the Total Value Added produced in a given country in a given year.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Free negotiations between right holders and investors measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Key information on land concessions is public measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Rule of law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the poli

Measurement unit
Index (-2.5; 2.5)

This indicator measures total natural resources rents as a share of the gross domestic product (GDP) of a given country.

Measurement unit
% of GDP

This indicator asks whether national laws provides alternative approaches to the fair market value approach in cases where land markets are weak or non-existent.

Measurement unit
Index (A; C)

Mapping

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Total Area (ha) calculated as the sum of all deals, in a gven country over the period 2000-2015.

Measurement unit
Ha

Ranking

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Investments selected openly on economic, socio-cultural and environmental basis measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Media

Latest News

6 Dezembro 2017
Portugal

Autor: Observador

Fonte:http://observador.pt/2017/12/11/portugal-defende-manutencao-de-verbas-na...

 

O ministro da Agricultura, Capoulas Santos, anunciou que Portugal se vai bater pela manutenção das verbas que recebe de Bruxelas para a agricultura e ver com atenção a proposta de introduzir cofinanciamento nos pagamentos diretos aos agricultores.

1 Dezembro 2017
Cabo Verde

Autor: EBC

Fonte:http://agenciabrasil.ebc.com.br/internacional/noticia/2017-11/brasil-vai...

 

O ministro da Agricultura de Cabo Verde, Gilberto Silva, em busca de apoio técnico para resolver o grave problema da seca em seu país, encontrou-se nesta quarta-feira (22) com seu colega brasileiro, Blairo Maggi, na sede do Ministério de Agricultura e Abastecimento (Mapa).

7 Dezembro 2017
Angola

Autor:LUSA

Fonte:https://www.lusa.pt/article/23373251/angola-tenta-financiamento-do-brasi...

 

Luanda, 07 dez (Lusa) - O ministro da Agricultura e Florestas de Angola inicia hoje uma visita de trabalho de cinco dias a Brasília, durante a qual pretende analisar a possibilidade de negociação de linhas de financiamento do Brasil para investimentos na área agropecuária angolana.

7 Dezembro 2017
Brasil

Autor:Senado Notícias

Fonte:https://www12.senado.leg.br/noticias/materias/2017/12/07/senadores-parti...

 

Os senadores Wellington Fagundes (PR-MT), Cidinho Santos (PR-MT) e Waldemir Moka (PMDB-MS) estiveram na manhã desta quinta-feira (7) na sede do Interlegis, em Brasília, participando do "5º Fórum Nacional de Agronegócios: Desafios e Oportunidades", organizado pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Ação Responsável.

Latest Blogs

África

Autor:jornal La Repubblica/ IHU On Line

Fonte: http://port.pravda.ru/mundo/16-09-2017/44029-lado_obscuro-0/

 

Quando degustamos a nossa barra de chocolate, milhares de hectares de florestas africanas já desapareceram, matando animais e ecossistemas inteiros. Árvores pertencentes a parques nacionais e zonas que deviam ser protegidas tornaram-se vítimas do desmatamento, para deixar espaço para a indústria do cacau.

Latest Events

30 Novembro 2017 to 1 Dezembro 2017

Localização

Abuja
Nigéria
NG
África

Women account for 60–80 per cent of smallholder farmers and comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector. Inequalities between women and men in access to land, productive resources, income-generating activities and public consultation spaces seriously undermine women’s capacity to contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

27 Novembro 2017 to 30 Novembro 2017

Localização

Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
Piauí
Brasil
BR
Brasil

A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

 

Coordenador

Mekong Ag Invest work
15 Novembro 2017 to 17 Novembro 2017

Localização

Lao Plaza Vientiane
Laos
LA
Sudeste Asiático

This Mekong region workshop will explore the challenges of large-scale agricultural investments to suggest solutions supportive of sustainable and pro-poor development, as well as economic growth.  A set of recommendations will be produced. 

The event is co-hosted by the Investment Promotion Department of the Ministry of Planning and Investment and the Mekong Region Land Governance Project, with co-conveners, Oxfam and the Institute of Policy and Strategy and Agricultural Research and Development, Viet Nam (IPSARD).

2 Novembro 2017
Global

Ahead of the UNFCCC COP23 in Bonn, the Donor Platform is pleased to invite you to a webinar to learn and discuss about a recent Oxfam report on finance to women farmers. The report looks at whether and to what extent women are obtaining adequate support for farming and adapting to climate change. Oxfam conducted research on government and donor investments in Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

Debates

Aberto
26 Novembro 2017 to 23 Dezembro 2017
Facilitators
Miguel de Barros
CPLP

As florestas e sua gestão mudaram substancialmente nos últimos 25 anos. Embora globalmente, a extensão das florestas do mundo continue a diminuir à medida que as populações humanas e a procura de alimentos e terras continuam a crescer, a perda foi reduzida em mais de 50% (FAO, 2015).

Closed
24 Abril 2017 to 12 Maio 2017
Facilitators
Joana Rocha Dias
Henrique Pires dos Santos
Moçambique
Angola
São Tomé e Príncipe
Cabo Verde
Guiné-Bissau
Brasil
Timor-Leste
Portugal
CPLP

 

Closed
23 Janeiro 2017 to 24 Fevereiro 2017
Facilitators
Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
América Latina e Caribe

Convidamos as organizações, entidades, movimentos, grupos e pessoas com experiência ou interesse no tema para contribuir com a discussão que tem o objetivo de entender melhor / sistematizar os diferentes tipos de conflitos fundiários urbanos, os desafios e oportunidades para superá-los e as boas práticas e ferramentas inovadoras que têm sido utilizadas para ação informada, prevenção e mediação dos conflitos no Brasil e na região América Latina e Caribe.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 1412
Reports & Research
Dezembro 2017
Cambodja

The paper focuses on how climate change mitigation policies and economic land and mining concessions in Prey Lang, Cambodia, accommodate and facilitate each other physically, discursively and economically.

Policy Papers & Briefs
Dezembro 2017
Cambodja
Myanmar
Tailândia
Vietnam

A discussion paper on civil society's participation in land policy-making, focused on the pre-consultation phase of Myanmar's National Land Use Policy. Written by Eben Forbes, with research assistance from Dr. Nu Nu Khin and
Yadana Than Htaik, and published by Land Core Group, Loka Ahlinn and Mekong Region Land Governance in February 2017.

Reports & Research
Dezembro 2017
Myanmar

This study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of the Parliamentary Land Investigation Commission reports that were released to the public. The aim is not just to analyze the information contained in the reports, but also to elicit information they do not reveal.

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro 2017
Myanmar

Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG)'s first edition guidebook to customary tenure in Myanmar provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. Written by Celine Allaverdian, Julia Fogerite, Natalia Scurrah, Si Thu Than Htike in cooperation with the Learning and Alliance partners, including Farmers and Landworkers

Policy Papers & Briefs
Dezembro 2017

A discussion note from Mekong Region Land governance (MRLG) summarizing findings and recommendations of a multi-stakeholder initiative and study tour conducted in Southern Laos, to study the social and environmental practices of two large scale companies holding large scale concessions in Lao PDR, published by MRLG in January 2017.

Policy Papers & Briefs
Dezembro 2017

For the past decade, GIZ has supported participatory land use planning, land registration and land titling as a vehicle for sustainable rural development in Lao PDR. Following a number of predecessor programmes, the current Land Program (including Land Management and Decentralized Planning (LMDP) and Enhanced Land Tenure Security (ELTeS) projects) is active in the provinces of Luang Namtha, Sayabouri, Huaphan and Khammouane. This impact study focussed on some of the intermediary and longer-term changes that GIZ’s work in the land sector has been aiming to bring about in Laos.