With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Indicators

The average score for the ten indicators of the legal security of community lands is also provided.

Measurement unit
Index (1; 4)

The average score for the ten indicators of the legal security of indigenous People lands is also provided.

Measurement unit
Index (1; 4)

Customary tenure rights are (i) recognized and (ii) protected in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

This indicator asks whether national laws adopt VGGT principle 16.1 by providing compensation for formally recognized tenure rights held by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Section 16.

Measurement unit
Index (A; C)

Forest land designated by governments for Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Ownership of forest land under this category remains claimed by the state but some rights have been recognized by

Measurement unit
Million ha

Forest land owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Forests are considered to be “owned” where communities have full legal rights to secure their claims to forests, defined in RRI’s rese

Measurement unit
Million ha

Indigenous rights to land & forest are (i) recognized and (ii) protected in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Estimate of the percent of total Indigenous and Community Lands - independent of recognition status - as a percentage of the country's total land area

Measurement unit
Percentage

Mapping

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Estimate of the percent of total Indigenous and Community Lands - not formally recognised by the State - as a percentage of the country's total land area.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Ranking

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Estimate of the percent of total Indigenous and Community Lands - independent of recognition status - as a percentage of the country's total land area

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Media

Latest News

9 Novembro 2017
Moçambique

Autor:LUSA

Fonte:https://www.dn.pt/lusa/interior/presidente-mocambicano-defende-protecao-...

 

O Presidente moçambicano, Filipe Nyusi, defendeu hoje, em Maputo, a proteção dos interesses das comunidades em relação à terra, assinalando a importância deste recurso no desenvolvimento social e económico do país.

Protesto de povos indígenas em Brasília (DF) / Tiago Miotto/Cimi
6 Outubro 2017
Brasil

Autor:Rute Pina, Brasil de Fato

Fonte: https://www.brasildefato.com.br/2017/10/05/mais-da-metade-das-terras-ind...

 

O ritmo de demarcação das terras indígenas segue lento no Brasil. No total, 64,5% dos territórios ainda aguardam o processo. São 836 de um total de 1.296 áreas que têm algum tipo de pendência para terem os processos finalizados.

Latest Blogs

Brasil

Autor: Ariadne Cantú, Consultor Juridico

Fonte:https://www.conjur.com.br/2017-out-30/mp-debate-criancas-indigenas-ocupa...

 

A morte silenciosa dos inocentes. Falo de uma morte anunciada em 1500, ano da colonização do Brasil, quando tudo ainda era nudez e ingenuidade.

Brasil

Autor: Sputnik News

Fonte: https://br.sputniknews.com/brasil/201709229416121-denuncia-massacre-indi...

 

São cada vez mais fortes os indícios de que um massacre de índios aconteceu no mês passado na Terra Indígena Vale do Javari, no interior do Amazonas, tanto que nesta semana o caso foi denunciado à ONU e à OEA. Mais do que a perda de pelo menos 10 vidas indígenas, tais assassinatos expõem o desmonte que o setor vive no Brasil.

Latest Events

watermelon.jpg
7 Dezembro 2017 to 8 Dezembro 2017

Localização

Academiegebouw
Domplein 29
3512 JE Utrecht
Holanda
NL
Global

Climate change is amongst the most prominent developmental issues today. As a result, large amounts of capital are being made available to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity of climate-vulnerable people, particularly in the global South.

1 Dezembro 2017

Localização

Indufor
740 15th St NW #900
20005 Washington , District Of Columbia
Estados Unidos
District Of Columbia US
Global
In developing countries, it is almost impossible to determine fair values for rural land. That’s because traditional valuation approaches – like the comparable sales method – don’t work in thin markets, and don’t take into account environmental, social, and cultural value that communities place on their land.
 
2 Novembro 2017
Global

Ahead of the UNFCCC COP23 in Bonn, the Donor Platform is pleased to invite you to a webinar to learn and discuss about a recent Oxfam report on finance to women farmers. The report looks at whether and to what extent women are obtaining adequate support for farming and adapting to climate change. Oxfam conducted research on government and donor investments in Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

11 Outubro 2017 to 14 Outubro 2017

Localização

Viana do Castelo
Estados Unidos
US
Portugal

Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.

Debates

Aberto
26 Novembro 2017 to 23 Dezembro 2017
Facilitators
Miguel de Barros
CPLP

As florestas e sua gestão mudaram substancialmente nos últimos 25 anos. Embora globalmente, a extensão das florestas do mundo continue a diminuir à medida que as populações humanas e a procura de alimentos e terras continuam a crescer, a perda foi reduzida em mais de 50% (FAO, 2015).

Aberto
14 Setembro 2017 to 14 Outubro 2017
Facilitators
mwing
Alda Salomao
Moçambique

De 14 á 28 de Setembro de 2017, o Centro Terra Viva e o Land Portal vão facilitar a discussão com diferentes intervenientes sobre as Ferramentas e Estratégias para o Acesso e Participação Pública na Tomada de Decisões sobre a Terra” em Moçambique.

Introdução

A Lei de Terras completará a 1 de Outubro, 20 anos após a sua aprovação em 1997. Esta lei tem sido considerada como uma das mais progressivas particularmente dada a sua abordagem no que diz respeito à governação de terras.

Closed
24 Abril 2017 to 12 Maio 2017
Facilitators
Joana Rocha Dias
Henrique Pires dos Santos
Moçambique
Angola
São Tomé e Príncipe
Cabo Verde
Guiné-Bissau
Brasil
Timor-Leste
Portugal
CPLP

 

Closed
6 Março 2017 to 27 Março 2017
Facilitators
Joana Rocha Dias
Angola
Brasil
Cabo Verde
CPLP
Guiné Equatorial
Guiné-Bissau
Moçambique
Portugal

Os países da CPLP (Brasil, Angola, Moçambique, Cabo Verde, Guiné Bissau, Guiné Equatorial, Portugal, São Tomé e Príncipe e Timor Leste) enfrentam sérios e distintos desafios no que respeita o acesso, a posse e a governança da terra. Para além das acentuadas desigualdades sociais, culturais e económicas, o acesso e o controlo sobre a terra e outros recursos naturais por parte dos pequenos produtores estão ainda muito condicionados na maioria destes países.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 1595
Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro 2017
Myanmar

Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG)'s first edition guidebook to customary tenure in Myanmar provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. Written by Celine Allaverdian, Julia Fogerite, Natalia Scurrah, Si Thu Than Htike in cooperation with the Learning and Alliance partners, including Farmers and Landworkers

Institutional & promotional materials
Dezembro 2017
Cambodja
Myanmar
Tailândia
Vietnam

Summary report of Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG)'s online dialogue on 'Recognition of Customary Tenure in the Mekong Region' held in 2017, containing justification for the dialogue, key take-aways, next steps and recommended resources, published by MRLG in 2017.

Conference Papers & Reports
Dezembro 2017
Cambodja
Myanmar
Vietnam

The Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project and the Forestry Department of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC) co-hosted the “Mekong Region Customary Tenure Workshop” on 7-9 March 2017 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. This report outlines the main findings of the workshop, illustrated by some statements and case studies as presented by participants.

Reports & Research
Novembro 2017
Global
Índia

This publication is based on a range of past studies on ICCAs conducted in several regions of the world in the last two decades, and, most recently, on 19 country level case studies. The latter were commissioned as part of a project on ICCA Recognition and Support, undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, coordinated by Kalpavriksh.

It also incorporates some key findings of a parallel project on ICCA Legislation, also undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, and coordinated by Natural Justice.

The publication intends to:

The Partnership for Action Conference: Summary of Conference Outcomes cover image
Conference Papers & Reports
Novembro 2017
África
África subsariana

 

Reports & Research
Novembro 2017
África do Sul

The Ingonyama Trust headed by Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu should be dissolved and the law that established it on the eve of South Africa’s liberation in 1994 should be repealed. This Act has effectively converted informal rural ownership rights to leasehold. Just days after the report was released, the Ingonyama Trust ramped up its campaign to persuade rural citizens to surrender their informal land rights to the Trust and to accept 40-year leases that could be cancelled for non-payment or other violations of the contract.