Forest Tenure

Responsible forest governance and secure forest rights are needed to reduce deforestation, combat climate change, and sustain the planet.

Responsible forest governance and forest tenure security are crucial in helping to reduce deforestation, combat climate change, and sustain the planet.

Forests are sources of multiple products and services of importance to a wide array of stakeholders, from local communities to urban citizens. In addition to contributing to human wellbeing and livelihoods, forests are important for people’s spiritual and cultural traditions. For many of the world’s poor, land and forests are important economic, social and cultural assets. In large parts of the world, however, local people’s use and ownership rights to resources are insecure, which undermines not only their livelihoods and sustainable resource management but also many development outcomes, such as biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, improved food security and climate change mitigation.

Forest tenure and property rights determine who owns and manages forest resources. Forest tenure often is very complex, as there is an array of stakeholders with different interests to forests, such as the national and local state officials, the local users, local communities and Indigenous Peoples and seasonal users. Part of this complexity can be traced back to the colonial times, when many natural resources were taken over by the state while the rights of local resource users were unrecognized.  State control and management of land and forests persists in many areas today, yet these resources are claimed and managed by indigenous and local communities who base their tenure claims on community-based, customary rights that are commonly unacknowledged by states. Overlapping tenure rights often result from the co-existence of competing laws that emanate from the state and from communities.   The presence of multiple groups with overlapping and simultaneous tenure claims contributes to resource conflicts. In many countries, conflicts related to tenure and property rights are so grave that they result in social conflicts and violence, as well as environmental destruction.  

 

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights (Courtesy of CAPRi)

 

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    Latest News

    21 Setembro 2017
    Cabo Verde

    Autor: LUSA

    Fonte: https://www.dn.pt/lusa/interior/cabo-verde-aprova-ate-final-do-ano-metas...

     

    Cabo Verde vai aprovar, até final do ano, as suas metas de combate à desertificação e degradação dos solos, disse hoje o ministro da Agricultura e Ambiente, adiantando que depois será elaborado um projeto de atuação neste domínio.

    29 Setembro 2017
    Cabo Verde

    Autor: LUSA

    Fonte:https://www.dn.pt/lusa/interior/populacao-agricola-em-cabo-verde-diminui...

     

    O número de agricultores diminuiu quase 18% em Cabo Verde em 11 anos, onde atualmente um em cada três pessoas dedica-se à prática da agricultura, revelou um estudo apresentado hoje na cidade da Praia.

    A decisão final será tomada pela UNESCO no decurso da próxima reunião anual do Comité de Coordenação Henrique Botequilha/LUSA
    22 Setembro 2017
    Moçambique

    Autor:LUSA

    Fonte: http://observador.pt/2017/09/21/governo-mocambicano-candidata-quirimbas-...

     

    O ministro da Terra, Ambiente e Desenvolvimento Rural de Moçambique, Celso Correia, assinou a candidatura do Parque Nacional das Quirimbas a Reserva Mundial da Biosfera da UNESCO.

     

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    11 Outubro 2017 to 14 Outubro 2017

    Localização

    Viana do Castelo
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Portugal

    Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.

    12 Setembro 2017 to 15 Setembro 2017

    Localização

    Centro de Convenções Ulysses Guimarães Distrito Federal Brasília
    Brasil
    BR
    América Latina e Caribe
    Brasil

    Fonte: aba associação brasileira de agroecologia

    PRIMEIRA CONVOCATÓRIA: Congressos Brasileiro e Latino-Americano de Agroecologia 2017

    VI CONGRESSO LATINO-AMERICANO DE AGROECOLOGIA [socla-logo]  X CONGRESSO BRASILEIRO DE AGROECOLOGIA V SEMINÁRIO DE AGROECOLOGIA DO DISTRITO FEDERAL E ENTORNO

    “Agroecologia na Transformação dos Sistemas Agroalimentares na América Latina: Memórias, Saberes e Caminhos para o Bem Viver”

     

    PRIMEIRA CONVOCATÓRIA

    30 Julho 2017 to 14 Agosto 2017

    Localização

    Belém - Pará- Brasil
    Universidade Federal de Viçosa
    Belém - Pará- Brasil
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    O Congresso Brasileiro de Ciência do Solo (CBCS), chega a sua 36ª edição, cuja realização será no coração da Amazônia, Belém do Pará, pela Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia e instituições parceiras, no período de 30 de julho a 4 de agosto de 2017. Constitui-se no mais importante evento da área de solos no país, promovido pela Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo (SBCS), a qual em 2017 completará 70 anos, promovendo o desenvolvimento da Ciência do Solo no Brasil.

    15 Julho 2017 to 21 Julho 2017

    Localização

    São Tomé e Príncipe Região Autónoma do Príncipe
    Estados Unidos
    US
    CPLP

    O programa do IV Congresso Internacional de Educação Ambiental dos Países e Comunidades de Língua Portuguesa dá continuidade à metodologia dos congressos anteriores, contribuindo para a formulação de políticas públicas que ajudem ao fortalecimento da educação ambiental nos países Lusófonos e Galiza. Este espaço tem como objetivos específicos:

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    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Dezembro 2017
    Indonésia
    Ásia Oriental
    Oceânia

    Since the early 1990s, the industrial timber plantation (Hutan Tanaman Industri - HTI) scheme has been intended to serve as a major source of timber to meet domestic and export demand. The need to meet a large gap between legal wood supply and demand for forests products has been the recent years as high as 50 million

    Reports & Research
    Setembro 2017
    Moçambique

    Mozambique is Africa’s largest exporter of timber to China. Yet multiple published concerns over the sustainability and legality of that timber trade assert the rapid commercial depletion of future timber stocks, the marginalisation of local forest communities, and the loss of revenue to government estimated at US$146 million between 2007 and 2013 alone.

    Moving from information dissemination to community participation in forest landscapes cover image
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Agosto 2017
    Ásia

    Traditionally, in the context of environment and natural resources management, many communication efforts have focused on the dissemination of technical information to end-users who were expected to adopt them. Development practitioners were trying to ‘push’ their products on communities in order to receive community commitment to their development initiatives.

    Addressing the impact of large-scale oil palm plantations on orangutan conservation in Borneo: A spatial, legal and political economy analysis cover image
    Journal Articles & Books
    Julho 2017
    Global

    Palm oil is one of the most controversial yet ubiquitous agricultural commodities in the world, used in everyday products ranging from cooking oil and chocolate to toothpaste and soap. Over the past few decades, the palm oil industry has contributed significantly to the economic development of Indonesia and Malaysia, which together produce an estimated 85 to 90 per cent of global supply.

    Peer-reviewed publication
    Julho 2017
    Laos

    Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) has been experiencing significant forest depletion since the 1980s, but there is little evidence to demonstrate the major causes and underlying drivers for the forest cover changes. In this study, we investigated the relationship between forest cover decrease and increase in the south of Lao PDR between 2006 and 2012 and selected physical and socio-economic factors.