The FAO Legal Office provides in-house counsel in accordance with the Basic Texts of the Organization, gives legal advisory services to FAO members, assists in the formulation of treaties on food and agriculture, for which the Director-General acts as Depositary, publishes legal studies and maintains a database (FAOLEX) of national legislation and international agreements concerning food and agriculture (including fisheries, forestry and water).
FAO Legal Office Resources
FAO published its Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT) of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security in 2012. The purpose of these guidelines is to serve as reference and to provide guidance to improve the governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forest with the overarching goal of achieving food security for all and to support the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security. The guidelines were translated into Lao and published in 2013.
These Regulations further implement in Scotland the requirements of Council Directive 91/676/EEC concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources by designating the revised vulnerable zones in accordance with Article 3(4) of the Directive. Under Article 3(1) of the Directive, Member States are required to identify waters affected by pollution and waters which could be affected by pollution in accordance with the criteria set out in Annex 1 to the Directive.
Article 2 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Regional Government shall be competent in decision-making on land tenure of public land plots pertaining to regional property, without allotment of the aforesaid land plots and without establishment of servitude”.
Article 4 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Plenary powers of the Regional Government in the sphere of conservation, management and promotion of the objects of cultural heritage shall include participation in common state policy, elaboration and validation of regional state programs, organization of regional protected areas and establishment of the boundaries thereof”.
This Regional Law establishes that municipal land shall be intended activity of local government related to supervision and enforcement of the requirements of land legislation. Municipal land control shall be performed in the form of ordinary and extraordinary inspections related to purposeful (specific) management of allotted land plots. The grounds for land inspection shall be creation of a right to land plot and expire of three-year period since the previous ordinary land inspection.
Article 6 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Information on terms and conditions of purchase of agricultural land plots shall be posted on official web-site of the regional administration”.
Article 33.3 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Allocation of plot of land for large-scale investment projects shall be authorized in the following cases: (a) creation or increase of jobs; (b) compliance with investment criteria; and (c) increase of regional tax revenues”.
Article 19 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Decision on inclusion of the objects of cultural heritage in the register shall be made by the regional authority on protection of the objects of cultural heritage by agreement with the local government”.
Article 15 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Proclamation of natural complexes and nature monuments of regional significance shall be performed by decision of the Regional Government”.
Article 9 shall be amended to add the following wording: “Lease contract for haymaking and grazing related to public or municipal agricultural land stock shall be concluded for the period up to three years”.