Poverty and Social Impact Assessment of Systematic Registration on Rural Romania

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World Bank Group

The objective of this Poverty and Social
Impact Analysis (PSIA) is to assess the impact of systematic
registration on vulnerable individuals, in general, and
Roma, in particular. Specifically, this PSIA focuses on the
systematic registration approach piloted under the
Complementing EU Support for Agricultural Restructuring
(CESAR, 2009 - 2013) Project, which was supported by the
World Bank. The World Bank involvement in the sector dates
back to 1998 and the General Cadastre and Land Registration
Project that supported the establishment of an efficient
system for securing and trading land titles. The overall
economic impact of the National Program was estimated to be
extremely positive with eightfold return to the investment.
However, it was also recognized that specific measures
needed to be adopted to ensure that the rights of vulnerable
groups (especially those of rural Roma communities) would be
duly registered and to monitor the impact of real property
rights registration to vulnerable groups and individuals.
The findings of this PSIA are directly relevant to the EU
financed Rural Land Registration Program design, which has
adopted the vulnerability mapping and social monitoring
approach, and seeks to improve it. Early PSIA results have
also contributed to the dozens of systematic registration
contracts signed under the National Program, which are
registration fee financed. Contractors are required to pay
particular attention to the vulnerable groups. This PSIA was
conducted by the Romanian firm Metro Media Transilvania from
2014-2015. It is largely based on a field survey carried out
in February 2015 by the same firm in 6 UATs, 4 or which were
targeted by CESAR. The sample included 480 households,
comprising 360 households living in Roma settlements, and
120 vulnerable people living outside of these settlements
such as analphabets, elderlies, convicts, and widows. The
results of this survey are anecdotal; however, they provide
valuable information on the participation of vulnerable
groups in CESAR and highlight possible improvements in the
systematic land registration process.

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July 2016
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