Massif et fâcheux litige foncier à Akanda

On Thu, Aug 11, 2016

Date: 09 aout 2016

Source: Gabon Review

Par Alain Telly Mouanda

Menacées expulsion en septembre prochain par Kabi BTP, les populations du premier arrondissement d’Akanda, réunies en collectif, n’entendent pas céder la moindre portion de terre. Malgré des titres fonciers en leur possession, le nouvel acquéreur continue de brandir sa sommation.

Date of publication
septembre 2012

 The Central African region includes Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome & Principe. The region is characterized by its high diversity, as it reflects all types of ecosystems of the continent. The region is most known as hosting one of the world’s richest forest biodiversity as well as valuable natural resources such as mineral resources and oil. The population of Central African region was estimated at some 121 000 000 inhabitants in 2007. However this population is unevenly distributed. While certain countries as Burundi are experiencing high population density (300 inhabitants/ Km2) others have less than 5 inhabitants/ Km2. In all countries of the region, rapid urbanisation is a heavy change trend. The region has a specific political and institutional context, due to a complex colonial history. France, Great Britain, Germany, Belgium, Portugal and Spain are among the European colonial powers who dominated the region.

State sovereignty over land is common in quite all Central African countries, and is usually associated with non recognition of customary based land rights held by local communities. Other top land issues in the region include: lack of clear land policy, inadequate land laws and legal pluralism; gender issues with special attention to access of women and indigenous people; weak capacity in land policy development and implementation; excessive centralization of land administration systems and poor land governance. All these issues converged in fueling some of the major crisis and conflicts in the continent. Key land policy challenges in the region relates to: good governance of land resources, including participation of non state actors in land policy processes; sustainable management of natural resources, forests in particular; economic growth and poverty alleviation; peace and security.

Current land policies and laws in the region are deeply influenced by the colonial legacy. Customary based land rights are denied by these laws while state sovereignty over land is strongly proclaimed. The region showed very little experience in land policy formulation and in participatory approaches. Most land related reforms undertaken are done through sectoral and ad hoc interventions. Through Ministries in charge of lands and domain, the state plays a prominent role in land policy implementation. In certain instances, semi-public agencies are established to assume specific responsibilities such as financing social housing programmes. However non state and even informal actors are tolerated as they appear to be useful in filling the void left by the state in certain areas. Urban Development Master Plans and Land Occupation Plans are tools most commonly developed and used in urban and pre-urban areas. However, rural areas lack specific land tools, which resulted in poor effectiveness of land policy and laws in the rural areas and to increasing conflicts related to land in the region.

Currently, there is no significant experience of land policy development process in Central Africa. Apart from efforts to simplify procedures for issuing land titles, key land policy changes in the region are observed mainly in specific sectors such as forests and mining. 

In order to make progress in land policy development and implementation in Central Africa, it is crucial to promote participatory monitoring and evaluation of land policy processes, in order to learn from past successes and failure and improve future land policy processes. In this respect, building appropriate human, institutional and financial capacity is a pre-requisite.

Date of publication
septembre 2014
Geographical focus

The Africa Gas Initiative (AGI) has been
established by the Oil and Gas Division of the World Bank,
to promote the utilization of natural gas in Sub-Saharan
Africa. The study focuses on coastal countries - Angola,
Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, and Gabon - along the
West African coastline, and the Gulf of Guinea, where most
of the region's gas reserves are located, and where
significant proportions of the gas produced, is being wasted
through flaring, or venting. Thus, the study's goal is
to end gas flaring, by developing indigenous natural gas
resources for local markets, and export, achieving economic
benefits from gas substitution - through reduced imports, or
increased exports of oil products - and, by improving
environmental conditions at the local, and global levels.
Under the AGI, technical assistance with regard to
institutional, and regulatory framework was conducted in
Cameroon, and Cote d'Ivoire, and, additionally,
analysis of current petroleum fiscal legislation was
undertaken, to review the profitability of gas field
development from the investors' point of view. This
analysis enabled recommendations to respective governments,
to introduce required changes in their petroleum laws.
Recommendations further include incentives to develop
activities, particularly through rational price structures,
removal of subsidies as the landed cost of liquefied
petroleum gas (LPG) is progressively reduced, and fair
competitive procedures, govern market accessibility.

Date of publication
septembre 2014
Geographical focus

Rapid economic growth in China has
boosted its demand for commodities. At the same time, many
commodity sectors have experienced declining demand from
high-income northern economies. This paper examines two
hypotheses of the consequences of this shift in final
markets for the organization of global value chains in
general, and for the role played in them by southern
producers in particular. The first is that there will be a
decline in the importance of standards in global value
chains. The second is that there will be increasing
constraints in the ability of low-income producers to
upgrade to higher value niches in their chains. Detailed
case studies of the Thai cassava industry and the Gabon
timber sector confirm both these hypotheses. It remains to
be seen how widespread these trends are across other sectors.

Date of publication
janvier 2015
Geographical focus

This economy profile for Doing Business
2015 presents the 11 Doing Business indicators for Gabon. To
allow for useful comparison, the profile also provides data
for other selected economies (comparator economies) for each
indicator. Doing Business 2015 is the 12th edition in a
series of annual reports measuring the regulations that
enhance business activity and those that constrain it.
Economies are ranked on their ease of doing business; for
2015 Gabon ranks 144. A high ease of doing business ranking
means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the
starting and operation of a local firm. Doing Business
presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and
the protection of property rights that can be compared
across 189 economies from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe and over
time. Doing Business measures regulations affecting 11 areas
of the life of a business known as indicators. Ten of these
areas are included in this year's ranking on the ease
of doing business: starting a business, dealing with
construction permits, getting electricity, registering
property, getting credit, protecting minority investors,
paying taxes, trading across borders, enforcing contracts,
and resolving insolvency. Doing Business also measures labor
market regulation, which is not included in this year's
ranking. The data in this report are current as of June 1,
2014 (except for the paying taxes indicators, which cover
the period from January to December 2013).

Formation Gabon.jpg

Les journalistes gabonais à l’école de la gouvernance foncière

On Fri, May 27, 2016

Date: 26 mai 2016

Source: Agence ecofin

L’Agence nationale de l’urbanisme, des travaux topographiques et du Cadastre (Anuttc) en partenariat avec la FAO, organise du jeudi 26 au vendredi 27 mai 2016 à Libreville, un atelier portant  sur la gouvernance foncière au Gabon à l’intention des journalistes des différents organes de presse implantés  au Gabon. 

Date of publication
février 2012
Geographical focus

La présente Ordonnance est composée de 122 articles repartis en six (6) titres, notamment Des dispositions générales (Titre I); De la conservation de la propriété foncière et des hypothèques (Titre II); De l’immatriculation (Titre III); De la publicité, des transmissions, des constitutions et de la conservation des droits réels et immobiliers (Titre IV); des dispositions diverses et transitoires (Titre V);des dispositions finales (Titre VI).

Date of publication
janvier 2013
Geographical focus

Le présent décret crée, dans le département de BENDJE au lieu dit Port-Gentil, une Zone Economique à Régime Privilégié (ZERP de Port-Gentil) ou (la Zone).

Date of publication
décembre 2011
Geographical focus

Le présent décret désigne le Ministère en charge de l'Agriculture, de l'Elevage, de la Pêche et du Développement Rural comme l'Autorité en charge de la tenue du Registre des sociétés coopératives en République Gabonaise.

Date of publication
décembre 2011
Geographical focus

Le présent décret redéfinit l'organisation de l'Inspection Générale des Services du Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Elevage, de la Pêche et du Développement Rural.


S'abonner à RSS - Gabon