The paper focuses its analysis on the last three decades of the twentieth century. The basic assumption is that Egypt's economic performance during this period was less than satisfactory compared with the most successful examples in the far East and elsewhere. The paper also assumes that Egypt's initial conditions at midcentury compared favorably with the winners in the development race at the end of the century.
This global report examines the opportunity for special economic zones to promote women's economic empowerment and boost zone and enterprise competitiveness in developing countries. The research covers Bangladesh, China, Costa Rica, Egypt, El Salvador, Jordan, Kenya, and the Philippines. The study focuses on women's economic empowerment in the context of zones at three levels: (i) fair employment and working conditions for female employees; (ii) equal access to opportunities for professional advancement; and (iii) investment opportunities for female entrepreneurs.
The report uses a theoretical model of a typical drainage basin, but the approach could be applied to many of the drainage basins managed by the holding company for water and wastewater in Egypt. This study set out to assess the relative health impacts of different wastewater management strategies on health in the Nile delta region using an approach similar to that used in the Ghana.
The Egypt Financial Services Project (FSP) supported legal and procedural reforms that allowed banks and non-bank financial institutions in Egypt to effectively use the most important types of ‘secured lending’. The project facilitated the registration of urban real estate so as to increase the pool of properties that may be subject to mortgage financing. At present, less than ten percent of urban properties are registered. In the absence of registration, properties cannot be mortgaged and lenders have no guarantee of the priority or the efficacy of their liens.
You can tell whether a man is clever by his answers.You can tell whether a man is wise by his questions.Naguib MahfouzThis article attempts to provide systematic policy information regarding land use/land cover change in the vicinity of the Giza Pyramids in Egypt.
Agriculture is considered one of the vital activities in Egypt; it consumes about 83� % of the Egyptian Nile water quota. This activity is becoming negatively affected by water pollution causing negative repercussion on land productivity and subsequently food security. This paper assesses the water quality for agriculture along the mainstream of the Nile in Egypt through spatial distributions modelling of total dissolved solids (TDS), using spatial statistical analysis.
The Nile River provides nearly 97% of Egypt's freshwater supply. Egypt's share of Nile waters is fixed at 55.5 billion cubic meters annually. As a result, Egypt will not be able to meet increasing water demand using freshwater from the Nile and has been developing non-conventional wastewater reuse strategies to meet future demands. The USAID Mission in Cairo began promoting strategies for water reuse in 2004, and guidelines for safe and direct reuse of treated wastewater for agricultural purposes were approved in 2005 (Egyptian Code 501/2005).
The objective of this article is to explain the hydraulic function of subsurface pipe drainage system on agricultural experimental field in Mashtul Pilot Area (Nile Delta) in non-steady state drainage flow conditions. Subsurface drainage structures were designed for the conditions of steady state drainage flow. However, in reality non-steady state drainage situations prevail. A model to solve the problem is presented. Boussinesq's equation was used to study the non-steady state drainage flow. The final expression of lowering of water table in time was approximated by Glover-Dumm.
The rapid urban development in the Hurghada area since the 1980s has dramatically enhanced the potential impact of human activities. To inventory and monitor this urban development effectively, remote sensing provides a viable source of data from which updated land cover information can be extracted efficiently and cheaply.
Environmental land degradation is a major impediment to the utilization of land in many arid and semi-arid regions of the World and is a major issue in the East Nile Delta (END), Egypt. Waterlogging and salt-affected soil problems have serious implications for irrigated areas leading to socio-economic and agricultural development problems.