The President declares to validate the institution of land and marine protected areas included in accordance with UNESCO Program “People and biosphere” in the international network of biosphere reserves with a view of natural ecosystems conservation and performance of scientific research related to the most precious ecosystems of the Earth. In particular this Presidential Decree refers to biosphere reserves Ascania-Nova (Kherson region), the Black Sea biosphere reserve (Kherson and Mykolaiv regions) and Carpathians Mountains (Transcarpathian region).
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and its partners will hold consultations on various issues relating to the voluntary guidelines on responsible governance of tenure of land and other natural resources. The voluntary guidelines aim to provide practical guidance for State governance bodies, civil society and the private sector. The voluntary guidelines will provide a basis, which interested parties can use when developing their strategies and activities.
This project paper concern to introduces the following changes in the Ukraine, Rural Land Titling and Cadastre System Development Project, which into account difficulties experienced with completing the legal framework for parts of the project due to institutional rivalries that have not been resolved. The project included a part that was supposed to establish a unified registration system covering both urban and rural areas and it included funding for the transformation of the State Land Cadastre Center (SLCC) to implement this activity.
Under legislation adopted in 1992, Ukrainian law recongnizes private ownership of agricultural land, as well as collective and state ownership. Also in 1992, a program to transfer land from state ownership to collective and individual ownership was initiated on a large scale, along with procedures to restructure collective and state farms. The transfer of land ownership and restructuring of traditional farms create opportunities for private farming to develop in the Ukraine after decades of collective management of agriculture.
Economic aspects of land market in Slovakia were studied in two different regions, characterized by different soil and natural conditions. Two groups of Slovak land owners were analysed. The first group consisted of 412 private farmers with 43.2 ha of agricultural land (LA) per farm on average, the second one of 150 big enterprises such as cooperatives with 1,866 ha of LA on average. In addition, some facts about land markets in Bulgaria, Latvia, Poland, Romania and Ukraine are presented in this article.
This Law regulates the issues originating in the process of performance of metrological activity. It shall be applicable to regulated activities with a view of ensuring uniformity of measurement. This Law shall be applicable to the following fields: (a) protection of human life and health; (b) food quality control and food safety; (c) supervision over the state of environment; and (d) topographic, cartographic, hydrometeorological and land survey practices.
This Law establishes legal and organizational principles of the functioning of regulatory framework, licensing and authorization system in the sphere of economic activities and establishes the rules of functioning of state bodies authorized to issue licenses and permits for performance of economic activities. Natural resources management, land tenure and land management, soil management and exploration and mining activities shall be regulated by licensing and issuance of permits.
This Law establishes that object of lease of land shall be land plots pertaining to ownership of natural and legal persons, municipal and public ownership. Leaseholders of land plots can be the following categories: (a) regional, provincial and city administration within plenary powers envisaged by acting legislation; (b) public administration of rural areas; and (c) natural and legal persons of Ukraine, foreigners and stateless persons, foreign legal persons and international associations and organizations, and foreign states.
This Law establishes legal, economic and social grounds for land protection with a view of ensuring rational land tenure, soil rehabilitation and improvement, conservation of ecological functions of soil and environmental protection. Object of particular land protection shall be total land cover (soil) within the national boundaries of Ukraine.
This Order establishes the proceedings for drafting and submittal to state executive bodies and local government pleas for enforcement of land legislation. State agricultural inspection and its officials shall be authorized draft and submit pleas for enforcement of land legislation. Pleas shall be submitted for the following purposes: (a) conformation to the acting legislation of decisions adopted by state executive bodies and local government related to regulation of land relations and land protection; (b) use restriction for land; and (c) mitigation of violations of land legislation.