This lesson brief looks at the government's control of private land use in Kenya. It is part of the Focus on Africa: Land Tenure and Property Rights online educational tool. Like other governments around the world, Kenya’s government has the authority to extinguish or restrict property rights over land and natural resources, including the authority to restrict the use of privately-held land for national and public interest purposes. Private land use restrictions have been used for environmental management and are increasingly being considered for biodiversity conservation purposes. Such authorities must be carefully exercised because they can weaken land tenure, reduce investments in land, lower land values, and limit local livelihoods options. This lesson examines the law and practice of government authorities to restrict the use of private land in Kenya.