This work aims to contribute to the debate on social conflicts generated by coastal development and the process of land tenure reform as a conflict resolution mechanism. We will present the case of the Territorios Costeros Comunitarios reform movement (TECOCOS) currently mobilized in Costa Rica and integrated by over 60 coastal communities. This reform movement initiated in reaction to a recent wave of planned evictions threatening specific coastal communities on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica, following a decade of aggressive coastal tourism development.
This paper reviews, discusses and points issues relating to land tenure and their relevance to policy and legal reforms in Uganda. The fundamental argument on land tenure in the report is that pastoral production is determined by land use patterns which in turn determine whether the herders are mobile or not.
Investment in land is not conflict-neutral, and given the history of violent conflict and mutual destabilization in the Horn of Africa there is potential for localized political grievances to turn into wider regional conflict. There is significant foreign investment in land in Ethiopia by parties from Africa and further afield. This is primarily geared towards producing for the export market, and is often concentrated in regions with limited political influence.
The document provides a comprehensive study on past and current land management, including an overview of legislation on pasture access and management, and pratical examples of pasture management in practice.
This Concept paper is in reality “a comprehensive road map” towards the realization of a National Spatial Plan. Its preparation is related to the country’s policy framework, the Kenya Vision 2030 and the National Land Policy and goes further to define National Spatial Plan; summarize the challenges that have
arisen due to lack of this plan and the benefits expected from its implementation. The concept elaborates the scope, methodology and an estimated budget for its preparation.
The aim of the Concept Paper is to:
AN ACT of Parliament to give effect to Article 63 of the Constitution; to provide for the allocation, management and administration of community land; to establish Community Land Boards, to define functions and powers of Community Land Boards; to provide for the powers of County governments in relation to unregistered community land; and to make provision for incidental matters.
In Laikipia the key dynamics centre on absentee land, much of this being land that was divvied out to Kikuyu by Kenyatta after independence. Much of this land (particularly north of the 600mm rainfall band) is not viable for cultivation. However, it was used by the Kikuyu title-holders as collateral to acquire loans with the Agricultural Development Corporation and others. Maasai, Samburu and Pokot herders have been grazing this land since the 1970s.