land rights

Date of publication
janvier 2014
Geographical focus

Providing shelter is essential in saving lives and decreasing the vulnerability of those displaced by conflict or natural disasters, and as such, should be a strategic priority in any humanitarian intervention. However humanitarian organisations increasingly struggle to provide shelter to those that need it most when the tenure of beneficiaries – that is the conditions under which they occupy land or dwellings – is uncertain or insecure.

Organisations like NRC have to approach this issue from both a humanitarian and an operational perspective. As an agency with strong legal assistance programming and a long history in the provision of large scale shelter programmes , NRC has been exploring ways to better target people without formal security of tenure in order to ensure that the most vulnerable get the humanitarian assistance they require. 

In June 2013 the UK Department for International Development, the Norwegian Refugee Council and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) hosted a roundtable to discuss how to achieve a common understanding of security of tenure among humanitarian shelter providers and donors.

As a follow up to the roundtable, NRC and IFRC today publish a new report – Security of tenure in humanitarian shelter operations . The report addresses both conflict and natural disaster settings with a focus on emergency and transitional shelter and unpacks the concept of security of tenure and sets out key issues such as legal pluralism and overlapping land tenure systems; urban contexts and disadvantaged groups including vulnerable women from an operational perspective. 

The report introduces the concept of “secure enough” to provide practical guidance on how to address these issues in situations of displacement, or return and resettlement. It also offers some recommendations and sets out proposed follow up actions. 

NRC and IFRC are undertaking further work on the “secure enough” approach with an aim to bring about a consensual operational definition of security of tenure which may be applied in responses to humanitarian crises. 

 

- Read original article here

- Photo source:  NRC/Jake Zarins 

Date of publication
janvier 2014
Geographical focus

During the Donor Roundtable Meeting in Washington on the margins of the annual land conference at the World Bank on 12 April 2013 participants agreed to establish a new Global Donor Working Group on Land facilitated by the secretariat of the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development.

Land is featured large in the UK G8 Presidency in 2013, as part of the transparency agenda. UK leadership generated strongly positive feedback. In the Lough Erne Declaration, leaders agreed the following principle: “Land transactions should be transparent, respecting the property rights of local communities.”

Leaders agreed to implement the UN Committee on World Food Security’s Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, and to support regional processes such as the Land Policy Initiative of the AU.

The following land partnerships were launched with interested governments, to accelerate and target support to countries’ existing land governance programmes in conjunction with businesses, in particular farmers, and civil society:

Ethiopia (UK, US, Germany)
Tanzania (UK), Nigeria (UK)
Burkina Faso (US)
South Sudan (EU)
Niger (EU)
Senegal (France).

Further partnerships can be added. Partners have agreed to report regularly on progress and exchange lessons learnt. Reports will be published via the website of the new global donor group on land established in 2013 and chaired by the UK (DFID).

The government of the United Kingdom has published documents on the work that has been done so far on the country partnerships and extractives. Please find the documents below:

Date of publication
janvier 2013
Geographical focus

International Human Rights Day is the day to send reminders from around the world to Jairam Ramesh, India’s Minister for Rural Development, to keep the promises he made one year ago to 100 000 marchers in Agra. 

On 11 October 2012, 100 000 marchers cheered as the Rural Development Minister joined Rajagopal PV, representing the Jan Satyagraha and social movement Ekta Parishad, to sign a 10-point agreement to address poverty and the lack of land and shelter. Over the following year the Indian Government made significant efforts to implement the agreement.

Two key policy elements points were drafted with civil society - the National Policy on Land Reform and the National Homestead Rights Bill - but they remain drafts. Neither of these vital points is even on the agenda of the upcoming parliamentary session. And time is running out.

The session of Parliament opening in Delhi on 12 December is the last opportunity to turn the drafts into law before the general elections in spring 2014. This is the last chance for the Congress Party to prove its commitment to the poor of India, who – in spite of economic growth - remain the vast majority of the population.

Ekta Parishad and the many organisations associated with the March for Justice are actively campaigning to change the agenda. Some 3000 of the original marchers and other supporters plan a sit-in outside Parliament. Friends of India and of Ekta Parishad from across Europe are contacting Indian embassies and writing to the Minister to encourage him to see through his and the government’s commitment to land reform and poverty reduction.

Thérèse Snoy, Federal MP of Ecolo party, Belgium; Andreas Gross, political scientist, Swiss MP and leader of the Socialdemocrats in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe; Jean-Claude Frecon, French Senator and President of the Chamber of Local Authorities of the Council of Europe; Catherine Lalumière, President of the Maison de l'Europe Paris, former French Minister and former Secretary General of the Council of Europe; Gérard Onesta, Vice-President of the French Region Midi-Pyrénées and former Vice-President of the European Parliament; Ulrich Bohner, President of the Maison de l'Europe Strasbourg Alsace and former Secretary General of ther Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe; Ton Waarts, member of the Board of Dignity International; Catherine Piau, Elected at the City of Nantes, France, and at the Regional Council; Alain Chenard, Honorary President of CPLR and former Deputy Mayor of Nantes join thousands of others to urge the Indian Government to take action and complete the process which started with a solemn pledge in front of 100 000 people a year ago. 

TO JOIN YOUR VOICE TO THEIRS, receive a sample letter and the address to send it, check: http://ektaeurope.org/ 

Date of publication
janvier 2012
Geographical focus

Many case studies have been gathered during the Jan Samwad Yatra, a one-year journey through India led by a team of Ekta Parishad from October 2011 to September 2012. This yatra was achieved to understand the situation of marginalized communities of the country and to mobilize them for Jansatyagraha, a large foot march which took place in October 2012. This document presents 20 of these cases, as an introduction to the variety of land issues and struggles from all around India.


See the full document below.

Date of publication
janvier 2013
Geographical focus

Please find here the report of the online discussion facilitated by Ekta Parishad on the land portal in December 2012 : Is the right to land for shelter a human right? Many thanks to all of the participants for their very interesting inputs, which will contribute to the ongoing negociations with the indian government.

Special thanks to Dominik Pauli for his great support and commitment.

Date of publication
janvier 2008
Geographical focus

Report attached, published in 2008

Date of publication
janvier 2012
Geographical focus

See attached the 10 points of the agreement signed around land rights between Ekta Parishad and the Indian Government.

Date of publication
janvier 2012
Geographical focus

This country profile has been compiled as part of a series of country factsheets particularly prepared for Dutch embassies that are developing a strategic analysis on food security and water. The factsheets present the relevant policy and institutional contexts with respect to land governance for each of the 15 selected countries. They have been updated in July 2012. A more general overview is presented in the reference note available on http://www.landgovernance.org/content/country-factsheets-land-governance-policy-institutional-contexts

Date of publication
janvier 2012
Geographical focus

This country profile has been compiled as part of a series of country factsheets particularly prepared for Dutch embassies that are developing a strategic analysis on food security and water. The factsheets present the relevant policy and institutional contexts with respect to land governance for each of the 15 selected countries. They have been updated in July 2012. A more general overview is presented in the reference note available on http://www.landgovernance.org/content/country-factsheets-land-governance-policy-institutional-contexts.

Date of publication
janvier 2012
Geographical focus

This country profile has been compiled as part of a series of country factsheets particularly prepared for Dutch embassies that are developing a strategic analysis on food security and water. The factsheets present the relevant policy and institutional contexts with respect to land governance for each of the 15 selected countries. They have been updated in July 2012. A more general overview is presented in the reference note available on http://www.landgovernance.org/content/country-factsheets-land-governance-policy-institutional-contexts.

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