land

Date of publication
janvier 2013
Geographical focus


This article reviews recent research on contemporary transformations of global land governance. It shows how changes in global governance have facilitated and responded to radical revalorizations of land, together driving the intensified competition and struggles over land observed in many other contributions to this special issue. The rules in place to govern land use are shifting from ‘territorial’ toward ‘flow-centered’ arrangements, the latter referring to governance that targets particular flows of resources or goods, such as certification of agricultural or wood products. The intensifying competition over land coupled with shifts toward flow-centered governance has generated land uses involving new forms of social exclusion, inequity and ecological simplification.

 

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Highlights

•Global governance refers to rules at all levels having transnational repercussions.
•Changes in global governance have facilitated and responded to land revalorizations.
•Land governance is shifting from territorial toward flow-centered forms.
•The shift is generating new ecological simplifications and social injustices.
•Future land governance needs to combine flow-centered and territorial forms at multiple levels.


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Date of publication
janvier 2004
Geographical focus

The potential for off-farm employment (OFE) to contribute significantly to forest conservation in the tropics is a widely held logic among donors, governments, and social scientists. While an aggregate level examination of OFE cases can support this logic, there is disagreement as to the operative aspects of specific linkages and assumptions. This study examines the case of the tea industry in western Uganda, and uses a combination of fieldwork and remote sensing to pursue a more nuanced examination of the role of migration and non-monetary aspects of OFE on forest conservation in both a national park and unprotected forest contexts.

Results indicate that the tea industry does serve as an off-farm employer to a limited number of local smallholders but these benefits are offset by the industry’s overwhelming dependence on migrant labor which sees OFE as temporary, then seeks to settle locally. There is also evidence that the tea industry is contributing to conservation efforts of Kibale National Park by unintentionally serving as a physical buffer zone, which inhibits both human encroachment on the park and wildlife encroachment on smallholder crops. The latter represents a site-specific phenomenon that holds much potential for future management plans of the area and exemplifies the importance of considering the site-specific circumstances associated with off-farm employment development.

Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus

This lesson brief presents the laws that give people access and secure rights to land. These laws encourage investment in the land and can establish a foundation on which rural families can grow their incomes and assets. It is part of the Focus on Land in Africa: Land Tenure and Property Rights online educational tool.

Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus
Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus

This lesson brief focuses on how issues of unaffordable land and land formalization processes in Mali have fueled tenure insecurity for the urban poor.  It is part of the Focus on Land in Africa: Land Tenure and Property Rights online educational tool. In Mali, many of the urban poor face tenure insecurity which leaves them vulnerable to expropriation, landlessness, and poverty.

Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus

This lesson brief explores the multiple independent phenomena that affect relationships between farmers and herders, as well as the nature of their conflicts over natural resources in Mali. It is part of the Focus on Land in Africa: Land Tenure and Property Rights online educational tool. Mali is experiencing population pressures, soil degradation, more intense and variable drought cycles, and shifts in agricultural practices. This has contributed to the expansion of land under cultivation and decreased availability of land for grazing animals.

Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus

This lesson brief examines the statutory frameworks governing decentralization in Mali and the challenges that have arisen. It is part of the Focus on Land in Africa: Land Tenure and Property Right online educational tool. When properly implemented, the decentralization of authority over land and natural resources to the local level can lead to improved resource management, create an enabling environment for local tenure systems, and strenghten legal recognition of customary land rights.

Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus

This lesson brief discusses the stratutory, customary, and religious frameworks governing women's rights to land in Mali and offers suggestions as to how these rights might be strenghtened.  It is part of the Focus on Land in Africa: Land Tenure and Property Right online educational tool. In Mali, women's rights to land are limited by statutory, customary, and religious law. Under customary law, women typically access land through their husbands or other male relatives.

Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus

This lesson brief discusses projects developed to reinvigorate the process of land registration formalization in peri-urban Ghana, their impacts, and the risks of unintended consequences for women, pastorlaists and the poor if their rights are explicitly taken into account. It is part of the Focus on Land in Africa: Land Tenure and Property Rights online educational tool.

Date of publication
janvier 2011
Geographical focus

This lesson brief presents the situations faced by modern Ghanaian women and compare their evolving land rights across regions. It is part of the Focus on Land in Africa: Land Tenure and Property Rights online educational tool.

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