Cambodia

Date of publication
janvier 2009
Geographical focus

This BMZ comissioned report by GTZ highlights the dramatic increase of land concessions and rising inequality in land distribution in Cambodia. Parts of the study refer to an earlier report by Uch Sophas "Foreign Direct Investment in Land for Biomass Production in Cambodia". The South-East Asian country Cambodia has an area of 181,035 km2. The Government of Cambodia is adapting its activities to attract FDI, which has lead to a steady increase especially since 2007. Hence, during the last several years landlenssness has risen to 20%  and less thean 40% of the farmers are left with less than 0,5 ha, i.e. less than half of the minimum area required to meet nutritional needs. Inequality of land ownership is increaseing throughout the country. Officially almost 1 million ha of land were granted Economic Land Concessions (ELC), constituting roughly 5,5% of the Cambodian territory. In 36 out of 59 cases, foreign businesses are involved. Though a legal framework with defined steps for concession application exists, often the procedures do not comply with the regulations.


Published by GIZ

Cambodia Development Resource Institute
Date of publication
janvier 2002
Geographical focus


This CDRI research paper, which forms part of a larger research project on Land and Food Security initiated in 2001, discusses the changing livelihood strategies, land use, and access to natural resources in rural Cambodia. The findings of this research suggest that despite a relatively egalitarian distribution of agricultural lands in the late 1980s, considerable inequality in land holdings and landlessness has emerged.




 



 


 

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