Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Indicators

Share (%) of Agricultural Value added with respect to the Total Value Added produced in a given country in a given year.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Free negotiations between right holders and investors measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Key information on land concessions is public measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Rule of law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the poli

Measurement unit
Index (-2.5; 2.5)

This indicator measures total natural resources rents as a share of the gross domestic product (GDP) of a given country.

Measurement unit
% of GDP

This indicator asks whether national laws provides alternative approaches to the fair market value approach in cases where land markets are weak or non-existent.

Measurement unit
Index (A; C)

Mapping

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Total Area (ha) calculated as the sum of all deals, in a gven country over the period 2000-2015.

Measurement unit
Ha

Ranking

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Investments selected openly on economic, socio-cultural and environmental basis measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Média

Latest News

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4 décembre 2017
Zimbabwe

Date: 2 décembre 2017

Source: Vivafrik

Par: Moctar Ficou

Une étude de la Chambre sud-africaine des entreprises agricoles (Agbiz), stipule que les cultures de blé et de maïs du Zimbabwe n’ont jamais dépassé les 10%, entre 1961 et 2016 dans la production totale de l’Afrique, laissant planer le doute sur le statut de grenier agricole africain du pays.

Latest Blogs

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Sénégal

Date: 2 Décembre 2017

Source: Farmlandgrab

Il ne s’agit plus que de simples retards : la Cité de l’émergence lancée en grandes pompes ne sera pas livrée en janvier 2018. Selon nos informations, le groupe marocain Addoha, propriétaire du milliardaire Anas Sefrioui, a tenté de sauver les meubles en justifiant ce retard par des problème de...sol sur le site qui abritait le garage Pompiers.

at.jpg
Afrique

Date: 23 novembre 2017

Source: Farmlandgrab

« Dieu créa les cieux et la terre. Le Seigneur Dieu prit l’homme et le plaça dans le jardin d’Eden pour le cultiver et le garder » (Gn1,1 ;2,15)

En créant le ciel et la terre Dieu a voulu que l’homme puisse travailler la terre pour le bien de tous. Mais poussé par l’égoïsme, il tomba dans le péché de l’accaparement et toutes les conséquences qui s’en suivent.

Latest Events

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18 décembre 2017 to 22 décembre 2017

Emplacement

Dakar
Sénégal
SN
Afrique

Annonce en bref

Date : 18 -22 Décembre, 2017
Durée : 1 semaine
Langue : Anglais
Lieu : Dakar, Sénégal
Thème : Ressources Minières
Frais d'inscription : 1.500 USD  (Ne prenant pas en compte le coût du voyage par avion ainsi que les frais de subsistance)
Bourses: Disponibles en nombre limité
Date limite de réception de candidatures : 10 Novembre, 2017

 

soil_cle88ea19.jpg
13 décembre 2017 to 14 décembre 2017

Emplacement

France
FR
Global

Date: 01 décembre 2017

Source: Foncier & Développement

Le Comité technique « Foncier et développement » de la Coopération française, l’initiative 4p1000, l’AFD et la Banque Mondiale organisent les 13 et 14 décembre prochains dans les locaux de la Banque Mondiale à Paris, une rencontre de haut niveau sur le thème « foncier et séquestration du carbone dans les sols ».

30 novembre 2017 to 1 décembre 2017

Emplacement

Abuja
Nigeria
NG
Afrique

Women account for 60–80 per cent of smallholder farmers and comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector. Inequalities between women and men in access to land, productive resources, income-generating activities and public consultation spaces seriously undermine women’s capacity to contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

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28 novembre 2017

Emplacement

Abidjan
Côte d’Ivoire
CI
Afrique

Date : 20 novembre 2017

Source : Farmlandgrab

Par : Debbo Mballo

La Banque africaine de développement (BAD), en collaboration avec l’Initiative for Global Development (IGD) et Grow Africa, organise le tout premier forum « Leadership pour l’agriculture » (L4AG Forum), le 28 novembre 2017, à Abidjan, en Côte d’Ivoire.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 1429
Reports & Research
décembre 2017
Cambodge

The paper focuses on how climate change mitigation policies and economic land and mining concessions in Prey Lang, Cambodia, accommodate and facilitate each other physically, discursively and economically.

Policy Papers & Briefs
décembre 2017
Cambodge
Myanmar
Thaïlande
Viet Nam

A discussion paper on civil society's participation in land policy-making, focused on the pre-consultation phase of Myanmar's National Land Use Policy. Written by Eben Forbes, with research assistance from Dr. Nu Nu Khin and
Yadana Than Htaik, and published by Land Core Group, Loka Ahlinn and Mekong Region Land Governance in February 2017.

Reports & Research
décembre 2017
Myanmar

This study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of the Parliamentary Land Investigation Commission reports that were released to the public. The aim is not just to analyze the information contained in the reports, but also to elicit information they do not reveal.

Journal Articles & Books
décembre 2017
Myanmar

Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG)'s first edition guidebook to customary tenure in Myanmar provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. Written by Celine Allaverdian, Julia Fogerite, Natalia Scurrah, Si Thu Than Htike in cooperation with the Learning and Alliance partners, including Farmers and Landworkers

Policy Papers & Briefs
décembre 2017

A discussion note from Mekong Region Land governance (MRLG) summarizing findings and recommendations of a multi-stakeholder initiative and study tour conducted in Southern Laos, to study the social and environmental practices of two large scale companies holding large scale concessions in Lao PDR, published by MRLG in January 2017.

Policy Papers & Briefs
décembre 2017

For the past decade, GIZ has supported participatory land use planning, land registration and land titling as a vehicle for sustainable rural development in Lao PDR. Following a number of predecessor programmes, the current Land Program (including Land Management and Decentralized Planning (LMDP) and Enhanced Land Tenure Security (ELTeS) projects) is active in the provinces of Luang Namtha, Sayabouri, Huaphan and Khammouane. This impact study focussed on some of the intermediary and longer-term changes that GIZ’s work in the land sector has been aiming to bring about in Laos.