Commercial Pressure on Land

Land & Investments

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

Indicator / Dataset (Source) Min-Max
Number of years

Obs missing
Min / Max Remove

Mapping

Loading data ...

Ranking

    Média

    Latest News

    Ousmane-Sonko.jpg
    18 octobre 2017
    Sénégal

    Date : 16 octobre 2017

    Source : Seneweb

    Il existe "tout un plan pour bazarder le patrimoine foncier de ce pays à commencer par l'aéroport". L'accusation est de Ousmane Sonko, le député à l'Assemblée qui indexe une "précipitation à délocaliser l'aéroport" de Dakar au profit de l'Aibd.

    u0fpmm-HC.jpg
    16 octobre 2017
    Sénégal

    Date : 13 octobre 2017

    Source : Farmlandgrag

    Par : Sadikh Niass

    La Rencontre Africaine pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme (RADDHO) est vivement préoccupée par l’affectation de 10 000 ha à la société Afri-Partners du groupe Addoha, une société privée de droit marocain, pour la culture de riz haut de gamme sur les périmètres des communes de Dodel et de Démet sans la prise en compte des intérêts des populations locales.

    Rwanda.jpg
    16 octobre 2017
    Rwanda

    Date : 12 Octobre 2017

    Source : Farmlandgrab

    Par : Lopelle Mboussa Gassia et Raoulla Yondot Kanga

    L’ambassadeur du Rwanda au Congo, Jean Baptiste Habyalimana, a, lors d’une audience le 12 octobre avec le ministre des Affaires foncières et du domaine public Pierre Mabiala, demandé les procédures d’acquisition des terres en République du Congo.

    Latest Blogs

    Agriculture_Portfolio_Leica_Geosystems_1766x750.jpg
    Global

    Date : 27 septembre 2017

    Source : Farmlandgrab

    Par : France 3

    En 2016, l’achat de 1 700 hectares de terre dans le Berry par un fonds de gestion chinois a suscité l’inquiétude dans le monde rural, mais aussi chez les pouvoirs publics. Les transactions ont été effectuées dans le plus grand secret et à prix d’or… "Pièces à conviction" a enquêté. Extrait.

    Latest Events

    27 novembre 2017 to 30 novembre 2017

    Emplacement

    Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
    Piauí
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

     

    Coordenador

    coton_colloque.jpg
    21 novembre 2017 to 24 novembre 2017

    Emplacement

    Bamako
    Mali
    ML
    Mali

    Date: 23 mai 2017

    Source: dp-asap.org

    Dynamiques et Durabilité des Zones Cotonnières Africaines, 21 au 24 novembre 2017 à Bamako, Mali. 
    Date limite de réception des propositions : 30 juin 2017.

    23 août 2017 to 25 août 2017

    Emplacement

    Curitiba, Brasil Curitiba
    Brésil
    BR
    Amérique latine et Caraïbes
    Brésil
    Portugal
    Espagne

    Nos dias 23,24 e 25 de agosto do presente ano, levar-se-á a cabo o TERCEIRO CONGRESSO IBEROAMERICANO DE SOLO URBANO na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil, com o tema “O solo na nova agenda urbana”, organizado de maneira conjunta pelo Colégio Mexiquence AC, a Universidade Federal do Paraná, a Universidade Pontifícia Católica do Paraná e a Universidade Positivo.

    7 juin 2017 to 9 juin 2017

    Emplacement

    Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
    13083-970 São Paulo
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



    O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

    Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1100
    Men displaced from Shangil Tobaya farm rented land for the rainy season in Dali, close to Tawila in the Sudanese state of North Darfur. They are part of a community of displaced persons who have set up camp in Dali, fleeing the heavy fighting that took pl
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    octobre 2017
    Afrique

    The Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND) Challenge Fund supports innovative partnerships between non-profit organisations and agricultural investors with the goal of encouraging responsible agricultural investment. The £3.65 million fund is a core component of DFID’s LEGEND programme.

    Reports & Research
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    This report is a product of a partnership between Terra Firma and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), contributing to a study of changing land access in sub-Saharan Africa supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

    Journal Articles & Books
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    Mozambique has a land governance system that allows for strong protection of community-based land rights, community consultation with respect to partnerships with investors, and also secure rights to land for investors. However, the implementation of legislation has been slow and the capacity among state actors is weak. Tensions exist between a government keen on promoting foreign investment and agro-industry and a rural population that is insufficiently aware of and not always able to exercise their legal rights.

    Jurisprudence
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    O presente relatório inscreve-se nas actividades desenvolvidas no âmbito do Projecto GCP/MOZ/069/NET, estabelecido entre a Organização das Nações Unidas para a Agricultura e a Alimentação (FAO) e o Governo da República de Moçambique, cujo objectivo geral é o de apoiar a implementação de três diplomas legais recentes e inovadores no ordenamento jurídico moçambicano: a Lei de Terras, a Lei do Ambiente e a Lei das Florestas e Fauna Bravia.
    Este objectivo geral desdobra-se em quatro objectivos específicos, assim escalonados:

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    septembre 2017
    Malawi
    Afrique

    This study uses data from the complete computerization of agricultural leases in Malawi, a georeferenced farm survey, and satellite imagery to document the opportunities and challenges of land-based investment in novel ways. Although 1.5 million hectares, or 25 percent, of Malawi's agricultural area is under agricultural estates, analysis shows that 70 percent has expired leases and 140,000 hectares are subject to overlapping claims.

    Responsible Investments in Land Perspectives from Tanzania and Globally
    Reports & Research
    septembre 2017
    Global
    République-Unie de Tanzanie

    Landesa (strengthening land rights for the world’s poorest people) and Land Portal co‑facilitated the online dialogue on “Responsible investments in land: perspective from Tanzania and globally” from June 5 -16, 2017.

    For details on the dialogue follow this link.