Commercial Pressure on Land

Land & Investments

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Latest News

    La Chine va créer des zones de démonstration agricole dans 10 pays.jpeg
    14 août 2017
    Afrique
    Chine

    Date : 8 août 2017

    Source : Farmlandgrab

    Le ministère chinois de l'Agriculture a validé la création de "zones de démonstration agricole à l'international" dans 10 pays, rapporte Reuters. Objectif : accroître son influence sur le secteur agricole mondial.

    Parmi les projets, l'un est en Zambie portant sur une zone de transformation des produits agricoles, un autre au Laos pour un parc de technologies agricoles, un au Fiji pour un parc à pêche.

    Floriculture : l’Ethiopie alloue 3.000 hectares aux investisseurs.jpg
    3 août 2017
    Éthiopie

    Date : 29 juillet 2017

    Source : Farmlandgrab

    L’Ethiopie multiplie les initiatives pour attirer un grand nombre d'investisseurs notamment étrangers dans le secteur de l'horticulture afin de diversifier son économie. Le pays vient d’allouer 3.000 hectares de terres aux investisseurs dans la floriculture.

    sarr.jpg
    1 août 2017
    Sénégal

    Date : 26 juillet 2017

    Source : Farmlandgrab

    Par : APS

    La directrice de campagne de la coalition "Sénégal Dey Dem", Dr Fatou Sow Sarr, a dénoncé, mardi, l’accaparement des terres à Bokhol, dans le département de Dagana (nord), par des capitaux étrangers, au détriment des fils du terroir, qui ne bénéficient que de 0,5 pour cent des surfaces pour l’exploitation familiale.

    tebboune.jpg
    27 juin 2017
    Algérie

    Date: 23 juin 2017

    Source: TSA

    Par: Achira Mammeri

    Le plan d’action du gouvernement a été adopté ce vendredi tard dans la soirée par une majorité écrasante des députés (401) de l’APN. Trente-deux députés ont voté contre et 20 se sont abstenus.

    Latest Blogs

    anas-sefrioui-©-yassine-toumi.jpg
    Maroc
    Sénégal

    Date : 3 août 2017

    Source : Farmlandgrab

    Par : Khaled Elraz

    Anas Sefrioui, fondateur du groupe ADDOHA est un puissant investisseur marocain. Son groupe a émergé au début du règne de Sa Majesté le roi Mohammed VI. Au début, sa politique consistait à accompagner le roi pour la promotion de l’habitat social. Notre confrère AfriqueMidi s’est penché sur ses investissements baroques au Sénégal...

    Tantalus.jpg
    Madagascar

    Source: Change.org

    Par Projet Tantalus

    La presqu’île d’Ampasindava, dans le Nord Ouest de Madagascar, jouit d’une biodiversité exceptionnelle avec un taux d’endémisme très élevé. Ses montagnes, ses forêts, de vastes mangroves et un littoral très découpé constituent l’habitat fragile de nombreuses espèces animales et végétales uniques au monde.

    Latest Events

    27 novembre 2017 to 30 novembre 2017

    Emplacement

    Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
    Piauí
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

     

    Coordenador

    coton_colloque.jpg
    21 novembre 2017 to 24 novembre 2017

    Emplacement

    Bamako
    Mali
    ML
    Mali

    Date: 23 mai 2017

    Source: dp-asap.org

    Dynamiques et Durabilité des Zones Cotonnières Africaines, 21 au 24 novembre 2017 à Bamako, Mali. 
    Date limite de réception des propositions : 30 juin 2017.

    23 août 2017 to 25 août 2017

    Emplacement

    Curitiba, Brasil Curitiba
    Brésil
    BR
    Amérique latine et Caraïbes
    Brésil
    Portugal
    Espagne

    Nos dias 23,24 e 25 de agosto do presente ano, levar-se-á a cabo o TERCEIRO CONGRESSO IBEROAMERICANO DE SOLO URBANO na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil, com o tema “O solo na nova agenda urbana”, organizado de maneira conjunta pelo Colégio Mexiquence AC, a Universidade Federal do Paraná, a Universidade Pontifícia Católica do Paraná e a Universidade Positivo.

    7 juin 2017 to 9 juin 2017

    Emplacement

    Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
    13083-970 São Paulo
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



    O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

    Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 941
    LEGEND Land Policy Bulletin 8
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    août 2017

     

    The eighth issue of the LEGEND bulletin explores the relationship between agribusiness and land rights. It features articles on the power of local engagement for financial investment, using technology for mapping rights, and catalysing private sector respect for community land rights.

    The Land Policy Bulletins are produced by the Core Land Support Team (CLST) for DFID's programme on responsible invesment - Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND).

    Subscribe to the bulletin:

    Addressing the impact of large-scale oil palm plantations on orangutan conservation in Borneo: A spatial, legal and political economy analysis cover image
    Journal Articles & Books
    juillet 2017

    Palm oil is one of the most controversial yet ubiquitous agricultural commodities in the world, used in everyday products ranging from cooking oil and chocolate to toothpaste and soap. Over the past few decades, the palm oil industry has contributed significantly to the economic development of Indonesia and Malaysia, which together produce an estimated 85 to 90 per cent of global supply.

    Defenders of the Earth cover image
    Reports & Research
    juillet 2017

    2016 saw a record 200 killings of people defending their land, forests and rivers against destructive industries.

    It has never been deadlier to take a stand against companies that steal land and destroy the environment. Our new report Defenders of the Earth found that nearly four people were murdered every week in 2016 protecting their land and the natural world from industries like mining, logging and agribusiness.

    Journal Articles & Books
    juillet 2017

    An estimated 10m people are displaced from development projects every year. A new study aims to monitor government adoption of voluntary guidelines on expropriation, compensation and resettlement, Nicholas Tagliarino reveals

    delville2.PNG
    Reports & Research
    juillet 2017

    Date: juillet 2017

    Source: Foncier & Développement

    Le thème de l’insécurité foncière est mis en avant depuis les années 1990 dans les débats de politique foncière, mais trop souvent sans définition claire de cette notion. Or il ne faut pas confondre sécurité et droits formalisés ou légalisés, ni sécurité et propriété privée.

    Reports & Research
    juillet 2017

    Land is an important source of identity and a precious asset with significant emotional connection in India. It is also the main source of rural and feudal power structure for most of India’s history. Land is a symbol of social status, cultural identity and an expression of political power. The value of land is deeply ingrained in the consciousness and well-being of the poor farmers and indigenous communities who make up a substantial portion of India’s total population.