Land and Food

Land & Food Security

Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and foodpreferences for an active and healt

Producing food for the world’s growing rural and urban populations starts with agricultural land. Reducing current high levels of hunger and malnutrition, as called for by the Sustainable Development Goals, will depend on land use decisions and governance from the global to the local level. Although about 40 percent of the world’s land is used for crop production and pasture [1], today some 800 million people remain food insecure and as many as 2 billion are malnourished [2]. Achieving food security requires physical, social, and economic access to safe and nutritious food. For many people, one or more forms of access are lacking—and in rural areas food insecurity is often tied to insecure or inadequate access to land.

While some effective tools exist for improving food security, the problem is becoming more challenging. Global population growth and rising wealth are increasing the demand for food, while climate change, resource degradation, and other demands on land are constraining production options. Improving food security at both the global and local level will require land governance that creates incentives for greater productivity and improves access to nutritious food for the poor and vulnerable, without creating further strain on environmental services.

More efficient use of agricultural land can boost crop yields and meet growing global demand for food. Smallholders have a vital role to play, both because they produce much of the world’s food and because they represent a large share of the world’s poor and food insecure. At the local level, land tenure security, along with access to other resources, is linked with increased productivity and investments in land fertility, which in turn can increase food security [3]. What holds for small farmers in general is even more critical for women. Empowering women through more secure land rights and greater control over household decision making not only boosts production of food crops but also leads to improved nutrition for families. However, climate change and resource degradation are reducing yields and available land, threatening to slow or reverse progress on world hunger [4]. Addressing these new challenges requires investment in sustainable and climate-smart intensification. What is needed to improve food security? Natural and social science data, knowledge, and tools will all be essential to address the coming challenges [5]. Solutions will include improved crop varieties and agricultural technologies, and just as importantly, improvements and adaptations in the social and economic systems that link land to food security outcomes, including governance, incentives, markets, and investments.

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Média

    Latest News

    01-rvernooy-limpopo-seedfair.jpg
    26 septembre 2017
    Afrique

    Date : 25 septembre 2107

    Source : Mediaterre

    À Kigali, capitale du Rwanda, les 19 et 20 septembre 2017, le forum régional de l'union africaine sur la mise en oeuvre du Traité international sur les ressources phytogénétiques pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (TIRPGAA) a appelé les économies africaines à prendre l'initiative d'embrasser les variétés génétiques de cultures dans le but d'améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et l'agriculture durable.

    @YOAV LEMMER / AFP sud-africain
    9 mai 2017
    Mozambique

    Date: 9 mai 2017

    Source: Urbi et orbi

    Par Jean-Paul Musangania

    L’Église catholique a dénoncé, le 30 avril, l’exploitation des terres africaines par des « pays industrialisés » qui génère « la marginalisation et l’appauvrissement des communautés locales ».

    Nigeria.jpg
    9 mai 2017
    Nigéria

    Date: 3 mai 2017

    Source: Irin

    Par Linus Unah

    Ce reportage fait partie d’un projet spécial traitant des conséquences du changement climatique sur la sécurité alimentaire et sur les moyens de subsistance des petits paysans au Kenya, au Nigeria, au Sénégal et au Zimbabwe

    Latest Blogs

    famine.jpg
    Afrique

    Date: 22 juin 2017

    Source: NPA

    Par: Paul Martial

    La famine que connait l’Afrique met bien à mal « l’afro-optimisme » qui s’étale à longueur de pages des revues économiques libérales. Comment expliquer une telle tragédie ?

    village-boborola-53.jpg
    Afrique

    Date: 14 juin 2017

    Source: Farmlandgrab.org

    Par: Cécile Brajeul
     

    L'agriculture africaine était au programme du mini G20 qui s'est tenu à Berlin les 12 et 13 juin. Mais la prépondérance donnée aux entreprises privées et au modèle productiviste alarme les ONG.

    Latest Events

    27 novembre 2017 to 30 novembre 2017

    Emplacement

    Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
    Piauí
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

     

    Coordenador

    INRA_logo.jpg
    17 octobre 2017 to 19 octobre 2017

    Emplacement

    SupAgro 34000 Montpellier
    France
    FR
    Global

    Date: 29 juin 2017

    Source: INRA

    Le Réseau Français de Biologie des Graines rassemble la communauté scientifique française travaillant sur la biologie des graines, leur développement, leur adaptation au milieu et leurs utilisations alimentaires et non-alimentaires.

    11 octobre 2017 to 14 octobre 2017

    Emplacement

    Viana do Castelo
    États-Unis
    US
    Portugal

    Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.

    CFS logo
    9 octobre 2017 to 13 octobre 2017

    Emplacement

    Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
    Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
    00153 Rome
    Italie
    IT
    Global

    The vision of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) is to be the most inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders to work together in a coordinated way to ensure food security and nutrition for all. 

    Debates

    En cours
    6 avril 2016 to 12 avril 2016
    Facilitators
    Deborah Fulton
    Global

    Chers/Chères Amis/es,

    L’urbanisation et la transformation de l’agriculture, des systèmes alimentaires et des espaces ruraux présentent à la fois des défis et des opportunités pour parvenir à une croissance inclusive, à l’éradication de la pauvreté, à la pérennité économique, environnementale et sociale, ainsi qu’en termes de sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1012
    Reports & Research
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    This report is a product of a partnership between Terra Firma and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), contributing to a study of changing land access in sub-Saharan Africa supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

    Jurisprudence
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    O presente relatório inscreve-se nas actividades desenvolvidas no âmbito do Projecto GCP/MOZ/069/NET, estabelecido entre a Organização das Nações Unidas para a Agricultura e a Alimentação (FAO) e o Governo da República de Moçambique, cujo objectivo geral é o de apoiar a implementação de três diplomas legais recentes e inovadores no ordenamento jurídico moçambicano: a Lei de Terras, a Lei do Ambiente e a Lei das Florestas e Fauna Bravia.
    Este objectivo geral desdobra-se em quatro objectivos específicos, assim escalonados:

    Manuals & Guidelines
    octobre 2017
    Afrique du Sud

    Municipal commonage, used as a common resource for communities, poses a unique opportunity for rural development and land and agrarian reform. The law says that municipal commonage must be used to contribute towards land reform. It must be made available for agricultural purposes to those who were previously excluded from accessing commonages.

    Poor town residents who want to engage in agricultural activities must therefore organise to demand access to municipal commonage. This booklet will help you to understand the law, access commonage and use commonage. 

    Reports & Research
    septembre 2017
    Burkina Faso

    The development of irrigation is one of the priority strategies in the Sahel countries to tackle poverty and food insecurity. At a time when governments are once again committing to increase irrigable areas, it seemed relevant to analyze, in line with the ECOWAS guidelines, the results achieved in large irrigated schemes developed in the 1980s and 1990s to draw lessons for future developments.

    Reports & Research
    septembre 2017
    Niger

    Construction of the Kandadji dam in Niger will involve, among other consequences, the appropriation of agricultural land owned by customary holders but also in many cases sub-holdings of other non-landowners. The government offered a long lease of 50 years for owners in compensation for their expropriated property rights.

    How should the State compensate for the loss of the right of use by non-landowners farming land expropriated for the development of the Kandadji dam? This study aims to answer this question and proposes the use of a 'contract of occupation'.

    Training Resources & Tools
    septembre 2017
    Global

    This course has been developed in response to the concerns about increasing large-scale land acquisitions and the need to increase investment in agriculture. The objective is to provide guidance to government authorities engaged in investment promotion, approval, and monitoring activities at all stages of the investment cycle.