Indigenous & Community Land Rights

Secure community land rights are an essential condition for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to enjoy human rights, socio-economic development, and cultural protection.

With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].



Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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    Latest News

    Madagascar, des centaines de producteurs sous le coup d’une expulsion à Soavinandriana Itasy.jpg
    14 août 2017

    Date : 07 août 2017

    Source : Farmlandgab

    Près de 1 500 producteurs pourraient perdre leurs terres à Soavinandriana Itasy, dans le centre de Madagascar. Opposés à un ancien ministre qui réclame la propriété des 569 hectares qu’ils occupent et exploitent depuis 50 ans, ces producteurs ont vu leur situation s’aggraver avec une décision judiciaire les sommant de quitter les lieux.

    Côte d'Ivoire, Conflit foncier à Abobo, la NSIA fait détruire plusieurs maisons.jpg
    14 août 2017
    Côte d'Ivoire

    Date : 9 août  2017

    Source :

    Par : Adriel

    À Abobo, précisément au quartier Akeïkoi extension, depuis la semaine dernière des acquéreurs sont sur le pied de guerre. Dans un conflit foncier Rechercher foncier qui les oppose à l'entreprise bancaire NSIA, ils ont vu leurs maisons Rechercher maisons détruites par des bulldozers, comme constaté sur place par lundi.

    Latest Blogs


    Date: 16 juin 2017


    Par: Dr Pape chérif Bertrand Bassène, Akandijack

    Notre génération, aujourd’hui dans la quarantaine, est celle qui inaugura l’ère des anniversaires qui se faisaient avec les étincelles des armes à feu à la place des bougies. Qui alors, plus que nous, pourrait prétendre être mieux placé pour comprendre les enjeux de la paix en Casamance ?

    Latest Events

    Africa village.jpg
    2 octobre 2017 to 6 octobre 2017





    Stockholm, Suède

    Rejoignez-nous pour la prochaine réunion de la série de conférences internationales sur la sécurisation des droits des communautés à la terre et aux ressources.

    9 mai 2017 to 12 mai 2017


    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    1 mai 2017 to 31 mai 2017




    Rights to land and resources are at the center of our most pressing development issues: poverty reduction, food security, conflict, urbanization, gender equality, climate change, and resilience. Secure Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) create incentives for investment, broad-based economic growth, and good stewardship of natural resources. Insecure property rights and weak land governance systems often provoke conflict and instability, which can trap communities, countries, and entire regions in a cycle of poverty.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 831
    Moving from information dissemination to community participation in forest landscapes cover image
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    août 2017

    Traditionally, in the context of environment and natural resources management, many communication efforts have focused on the dissemination of technical information to end-users who were expected to adopt them. Development practitioners were trying to ‘push’ their products on communities in order to receive community commitment to their development initiatives.

    Assessment of land governance
    Journal Articles & Books
    août 2017

    The purpose of the research is to assess the land governance system in preventing state land conflicts in Zambia. In order to obtain insights about the actual realities on the ground, based on a case study strategy (i.e. Lusaka District has a study area), the research examined the present status of state land governance system, and investigated the efficiency of the present state land governance system in preventing state land conflicts.

    LEGEND Land Policy Bulletin 8
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    août 2017


    The eighth issue of the LEGEND bulletin explores the relationship between agribusiness and land rights. It features articles on the power of local engagement for financial investment, using technology for mapping rights, and catalysing private sector respect for community land rights.

    The Land Policy Bulletins are produced by the Core Land Support Team (CLST) for DFID's programme on responsible invesment - Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND).

    Subscribe to the bulletin:

    Reports & Research
    juillet 2017

    Land is an important source of identity and a precious asset with significant emotional connection in India. It is also the main source of rural and feudal power structure for most of India’s history. Land is a symbol of social status, cultural identity and an expression of political power. The value of land is deeply ingrained in the consciousness and well-being of the poor farmers and indigenous communities who make up a substantial portion of India’s total population.

    Manuals & Guidelines
    juillet 2017

    A primer to guide rural communities in framing and devising collective action and engagement strategies to strengthen their tenure of land, fisheries and forests is released today.

    Training Resources & Tools
    juillet 2017

    Uttaran began work on the Sustainable Access to Land Equality (SALE) project to ensure transparency and accountability in land governance in December 2012. The project engaged communities in three pilot upazilas - to raise the awareness of vulnerable landowners about land administration, and to effect transparent processes for selecting landless people and for state land settlement.