Indigenous & Community Land Rights

Secure community land rights are an essential condition for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to enjoy human rights, socio-economic development, and cultural protection.

With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Média

    Latest News

    cité_maristes1.jpg
    29 septembre 2017
    Sénégal

    Date: 28 septembre 2017

    Source: Lesoleil.sn

    Par: Serigne Mansour Sy CISSE

    L’expropriation du terrain 1.320 m² au profit d’un promoteur n’est pas du goût des habitants qui ont fait face aux journalistes ce week-end.

    localite_21_4.jpg
    25 septembre 2017
    Sénégal

    Date: 23 Septembre 2017

    Source: Leral.net

    Initialement destiné à la construction d’une Maternité, le terrain de 1320 m² situé à l’Ilot B de Hann Mariste I, objet d’une expropriation, risque de virer dans le mauvais sens. 

    Et pour cause, les populations, face à ce qu’elles considèrent comme ‘‘une spoliation de leur propriété’’, n’entendent pas rester les bras croisés. 

    001-1-1024x681.jpg
    25 septembre 2017
    Maroc

    Date: 23 septembre 2017

    Source: H 24 Info

    Par: Mohammed Amine Harmach

    Le gouvernement a signé récemment des décisions d’expropriation de plus de 1000 terres agricoles situées entre Al Hoceima et Taza.

    Le ministre du Transport et de l’Equipement, Abdelkader Amara, vient de signer deux décrets pour exproprier plusieurs terres agricoles situées entre les provinces d’Al Hoceima et Taza.

    Latest Blogs

    Latest Events

    11 octobre 2017 to 14 octobre 2017

    Emplacement

    Viana do Castelo
    États-Unis
    US
    Portugal

    Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.

    Africa village.jpg
    2 octobre 2017 to 6 octobre 2017

    Emplacement

    Stockholm
    Suède
    SE
    Global

    Source: Communitylandrights.org

    SEMAINE DU 2 AU 6 OCTOBRE 2017

    Stockholm, Suède

    Rejoignez-nous pour la prochaine réunion de la série de conférences internationales sur la sécurisation des droits des communautés à la terre et aux ressources.

    9 mai 2017 to 12 mai 2017

    Emplacement

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1136
    Reports & Research
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    Este trabalho tem como objectivo identificar as realizações e constrangimentos das famílias dentro dos processos de desenvolvimento rural. As comunidades estudadas em Pebane apresentam limitações semelhantes nas principais actividades realizadas pelas famílias locais, fundamentalmente caracterizadas pela produção agrícola e pesqueira de espécies de baixo rendimento, insuficiência de insumos, falta de capital financeiro para investir e baixo nível tecnológico.

    Manuals & Guidelines
    octobre 2017
    Afrique du Sud

    Municipal commonage, used as a common resource for communities, poses a unique opportunity for rural development and land and agrarian reform. The law says that municipal commonage must be used to contribute towards land reform. It must be made available for agricultural purposes to those who were previously excluded from accessing commonages.

    Poor town residents who want to engage in agricultural activities must therefore organise to demand access to municipal commonage. This booklet will help you to understand the law, access commonage and use commonage. 

    Reports & Research
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    This report is a product of a partnership between Terra Firma and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), contributing to a study of changing land access in sub-Saharan Africa supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

    Reports & Research
    octobre 2017
    Mozambique

    Este relatório considera um dos aspectos práticos mais importantes da participação
    local na Lei de Terras e outra legislação sobre recursos naturais: a consulta
    comunitária, através da qual os estranhos – o Estado, novos investidores, empresas
    madeireiras, grupos de hotéis – obtêm acesso à terra e recursos locais com a

    Manuals & Guidelines
    septembre 2017
    Niger

    There are 85 irrigation schemes in Niger that cover around 16,000 ha and are cultivated by 40,000 farmers. The informal status of these irrigation schemes, and their occupants, has created problems due to population growth and the increasing scarcity of natural resources. Holders of traditional land rights have challenged government decisions concerning land attributions and property rights within the schemes, and have occasionally prevented construction from proceeding.

    Conference Papers & Reports
    septembre 2017
    Afrique
    Nigéria

    This article was submitted for the UN Economic Commission for Africa “2017 Conference on Land Policy in Africa” Nov. 14-17 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    This article sheds light on a series of events that triggered escalating tensions over land and resources in the coastal communities of Lagos, Nigeria. This article provides an in-depth analysis of Nigeria’s laws on expropriation and the processes of acquiring land and compensating landholders in the Lekki Free Trade Zone (LFTZ) case. Specifically, the analysis addresses the following research questions: