Indigenous & Community Land Rights

Secure community land rights are an essential condition for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to enjoy human rights, socio-economic development, and cultural protection.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Média

    Latest News

    mappemonde.gif
    22 mai 2017

    Date: 18/05/2017 

    Source: Mediaterre

    Le Centre pour l’environnement et développement (le CED) a lancé « l’Atlas des colères et résistances communautaires en Afrique. », dans le sillage d’un  l’appel mondial à l’action (Global call action) qui vise à engager et à mobiliser les communautés, les organisations, les gouvernements et les particuliers du monde entier en faveur de la promotion et de la sécurisation des droits fonciers des peuples autochtones et des communautés locales.

    Solution.jpg
    15 mai 2017

    Source: Infos Gabon

    Les 160 personnes délogées à Mveng Ayong et Marseille 2 ont été recasées sur cet espace près du stade de l’amitié sino-gabonaise d’Angondjé.

    Le gouvernement vient de trouver une solution au casse-tête que représentaient jusque-là les personnes déguerpies de Mveng Ayong et de Marseille 2 à la parcelle UY 8.

    © MONUSCO/Sylvain Liechti
    12 mai 2017

    Date: 12 mai 2017

    Source: Radio Okapi

    Une centaine d’habitants de cinq villages de la chefferie Kaponda à Kipushi (Haut-Katanga) ont manifesté jeudi 11 mai devant le palais de justice de Lubumbashi pour protester contre la «spoliation de leurs villages» par certaines autorités locales.

    @YOAV LEMMER / AFP sud-africain
    9 mai 2017

    Date: 9 mai 2017

    Source: Urbi et orbi

    Par Jean-Paul Musangania

    L’Église catholique a dénoncé, le 30 avril, l’exploitation des terres africaines par des « pays industrialisés » qui génère « la marginalisation et l’appauvrissement des communautés locales ».

    Latest Blogs

    Tantalus.jpg

    Source: Change.org

    Par Projet Tantalus

    La presqu’île d’Ampasindava, dans le Nord Ouest de Madagascar, jouit d’une biodiversité exceptionnelle avec un taux d’endémisme très élevé. Ses montagnes, ses forêts, de vastes mangroves et un littoral très découpé constituent l’habitat fragile de nombreuses espèces animales et végétales uniques au monde.

    Contestés.jpg

    Date: 31 mars 2017

    Source: Hrw.org

    Par Human Rights Watch

    Les autorités militaires et civiles de l’ouest du Rwanda ont arrêté, passé à tabac ou menacé des personnes qui ont contesté de récentes décisions du gouvernement visant à forcer certains habitants à quitter leurs terres, a déclaré Human Rights Watch aujourd’hui.

    Latest Events

    9 mai 2017 to 12 mai 2017

    Emplacement

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brésil
    BR

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    1 mai 2017 to 31 mai 2017

    Emplacement

    Online
    États-Unis
    US

    DESCRIPTION

    Rights to land and resources are at the center of our most pressing development issues: poverty reduction, food security, conflict, urbanization, gender equality, climate change, and resilience. Secure Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) create incentives for investment, broad-based economic growth, and good stewardship of natural resources. Insecure property rights and weak land governance systems often provoke conflict and instability, which can trap communities, countries, and entire regions in a cycle of poverty.

    Ceja.jpg
    5 avril 2017

    Emplacement

    Université Laval- Pavillon Charles-De Koninck - Salle 3A
    1030 Avenue des Sciences Humaines,
    Québec
    Canada
    CA

    Source: Média Réseau forum

    Conférencière invitée : Cécile Duclaux-Monteil, coordonnatrice de recherches au Centre d'études juridiques africaines de Genève(CEJA) et chargée d'enseignement à l'Université Senghor. Consultez sa notice biographique  [document Adobe PDF]

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 436
    Innovative Approach to Land Conflict Transformation: Lessons learned from the HAGL/indigenous communities’ mediation process in Ratanakiri, Cambodia Cover image
    Training Resources & Tools
    mai 2017

    In the Mekong region, conflicts between local communities and large scale land concessions are widespread. They are often difficult to solve. In Cambodia, an innovative approach to conflict resolution was tested in a case involving a private company, Hoang Anh Gia Lai (HAGL), and several indigenous communities who lost some of their customary lands and forests when the company obtained a concession to grow rubber in the Province of Ratanakiri. The approach was developed by CSOs Equitable Cambodia (EC) and Inclusive Development International (IDI) with the support of QDF funding from MRLG.

    Manuals & Guidelines
    mai 2017

    Esta publicação busca trazer a todos os Municípios brasileiros orientações sobre como incorporar a nova agenda de desenvolvimento, a Agenda de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (Agenda 2030) no planejamento e na gestão municipal. Trata-se de uma agenda global para o desenvolvimento humano e sustentável à qual o Brasil, junto com outros 192 países, aderiu em setembro de 2015, e que deve ser implantada até 2030.

    Phillipines.jpg
    Reports & Research
    mai 2017

    Source: Farmlandgrab

    Veuillez trouver ci-joint une nouvelle publication intitulée “Accaparement de terres et droits humains: Le rôle des acteurs européens à l’étranger.” Ce document contient plusieurs examples de cas d’Afrique. En plus, il contient des recommandations de mesures à prendre par l’Union européenes et ses Etats membres pour arrêter et prévenir l’accaparement des terres et promouvoir les droits humains.

    Ghanaian cocoa farmer establishing specially-approved farm boundary pillars under the guidance of a Landmapp field agent (the pillar will be mounted with cement after mapping). Courtesy: Landmapp (www.landmapp.net)
    Reports & Research
    avril 2017

    The Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG), with support from the World Cocoa Foundation (WCF) the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), performed the Ghana Land Tenure Baseline Survey, the first of its kind survey of tenure rights among cocoa farmers in Ghana. CRIG surveyed almost 1,800 cocoa farmers operating 3,900 cocoa plots regarding various land tenure issues within customary sharecropping arrangements and on owner-managed land. This report describes the findings from the Survey.

    Strategic Litigation Impacts: Indigenous Peoples' Land Rights Cover image
    Reports & Research
    avril 2017

    The world is increasingly encroaching on indigenous peoples’ traditional lands. Around the globe, indigenous communities are forced to cede ground to state development, corporate land grabs, rising sea levels, environmental degradation, and population growth. The right to land provides the basis for access to food, housing, and development. But for indigenous peoples, traditional lands are more than this; they represent essential ties to their ancestors, their culture, and their languages. Losing their land means losing their way of life.

    Reports & Research
    avril 2017

    This dialogue provided a way for the land community to collaboratively explore challenges and opportunities related to the recognition of indigenous, ethnic minority and customary tenure rights in the Mekong region in order to: