Indigenous & Community Land Rights

Secure community land rights are an essential condition for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to enjoy human rights, socio-economic development, and cultural protection.

With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

Indicator
Dataset (source)
Unit Year Obs Missing Values (%) Min Max Remove

Mapping

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Ranking

    Média

    Latest News

    IMG_1802_resultat.JPG
    20 juin 2017
    Côte d'Ivoire

    Date: 17 juin 2017

    Source: La Minute Info

    Par: AIP

    Les chefs de village du canton Khos, logé dans les sous-préfectures d’Azaguié et de Guéssiguié, ont dénoncé vendredi, une tentative d’expropriation de leurs terre à travers une ‘’opération dite d’actualisation du fichier du cadastre forestier des forêts classées’’, lancée il y a quelques temps par le ministère des Eaux et Forêts.

    Latest Blogs

    accaparement-des-terres-agricoles.jpg
    Afrique

    Date: 7 juin 2017

    Source: VO News

    Par: Amadou Fall

    L’équation des acquisitions de terres agricoles, ici comme ailleurs en Afrique, est de celles qui agitent le plus le débat public, quant à leur ampleur et leurs conséquences sur le monde rural et plus largement sur le développement économique et social des pays qui en sont le théâtre.  

    Tantalus.jpg
    Madagascar

    Source: Change.org

    Par Projet Tantalus

    La presqu’île d’Ampasindava, dans le Nord Ouest de Madagascar, jouit d’une biodiversité exceptionnelle avec un taux d’endémisme très élevé. Ses montagnes, ses forêts, de vastes mangroves et un littoral très découpé constituent l’habitat fragile de nombreuses espèces animales et végétales uniques au monde.

    Contestés.jpg
    Rwanda

    Date: 31 mars 2017

    Source: Hrw.org

    Par Human Rights Watch

    Les autorités militaires et civiles de l’ouest du Rwanda ont arrêté, passé à tabac ou menacé des personnes qui ont contesté de récentes décisions du gouvernement visant à forcer certains habitants à quitter leurs terres, a déclaré Human Rights Watch aujourd’hui.

    Latest Events

    Africa village.jpg
    2 octobre 2017 to 6 octobre 2017

    Emplacement

    Stockholm
    Suède
    SE
    Global

    Source: Communitylandrights.org

    SEMAINE DU 2 AU 6 OCTOBRE 2017

    Stockholm, Suède

    Rejoignez-nous pour la prochaine réunion de la série de conférences internationales sur la sécurisation des droits des communautés à la terre et aux ressources.

    9 mai 2017 to 12 mai 2017

    Emplacement

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    1 mai 2017 to 31 mai 2017

    Emplacement

    Online
    États-Unis
    US
    Global

    DESCRIPTION

    Rights to land and resources are at the center of our most pressing development issues: poverty reduction, food security, conflict, urbanization, gender equality, climate change, and resilience. Secure Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) create incentives for investment, broad-based economic growth, and good stewardship of natural resources. Insecure property rights and weak land governance systems often provoke conflict and instability, which can trap communities, countries, and entire regions in a cycle of poverty.

    Partners

    Imazon

    Imazon

    Derecho, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR)

    DAR

    Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact

    AIPP

    Centre pour l'Environnement et le Développement Cameroun

    CED

    Collectif pour la defense des Terres Malgaches

    TANY

    Fiantso Madagascar

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 611
    Peer-reviewed publication
    juillet 2017

    Community-managed reserves (CMRs) comprise the fastest-growing category of protected areas throughout the tropics. CMRs represent a compromise between advocates of nature conservation and advocates of human development. We ask whether CMRs succeed in achieving the goals of either. A fixed reserve area can produce only a finite resource supply, whereas human populations exploiting them tend to expand rapidly while adopting high-impact technologies to satisfy rising aspirations. Intentions behind the establishment of CMRs may be admirable, but represent an ideal rarely achieved.

    Understanding changing land access and use by the rural poor in Ghana cover image
    Journal Articles & Books
    mai 2017

    In Ghana 70 per cent of the population are smallholder farmers who depend on the land for their basic needs. Growing competition for this resource is having significant impacts on rural livelihoods and governance as land changes hands. This study highlights the key drivers of pressure on rural land and their communities, such as population growth, urbanisation and acquisition of land by new actors, including government and business.

    Phillipines.jpg
    Reports & Research
    mai 2017

    Source: Farmlandgrab

    Veuillez trouver ci-joint une nouvelle publication intitulée “Accaparement de terres et droits humains: Le rôle des acteurs européens à l’étranger.” Ce document contient plusieurs examples de cas d’Afrique. En plus, il contient des recommandations de mesures à prendre par l’Union européenes et ses Etats membres pour arrêter et prévenir l’accaparement des terres et promouvoir les droits humains.

    Innovative Approach to Land Conflict Transformation: Lessons learned from the HAGL/indigenous communities’ mediation process in Ratanakiri, Cambodia Cover image
    Training Resources & Tools
    mai 2017

    In the Mekong region, conflicts between local communities and large scale land concessions are widespread. They are often difficult to solve. In Cambodia, an innovative approach to conflict resolution was tested in a case involving a private company, Hoang Anh Gia Lai (HAGL), and several indigenous communities who lost some of their customary lands and forests when the company obtained a concession to grow rubber in the Province of Ratanakiri. The approach was developed by CSOs Equitable Cambodia (EC) and Inclusive Development International (IDI) with the support of QDF funding from MRLG.