Forest Tenure

Responsible forest governance and secure forest rights are needed to reduce deforestation, combat climate change, and sustain the planet.

Responsible forest governance and forest tenure security are crucial in helping to reduce deforestation, combat climate change, and sustain the planet.

Forests are sources of multiple products and services of importance to a wide array of stakeholders, from local communities to urban citizens. In addition to contributing to human wellbeing and livelihoods, forests are important for people’s spiritual and cultural traditions. For many of the world’s poor, land and forests are important economic, social and cultural assets. In large parts of the world, however, local people’s use and ownership rights to resources are insecure, which undermines not only their livelihoods and sustainable resource management but also many development outcomes, such as biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, improved food security and climate change mitigation.

Forest tenure and property rights determine who owns and manages forest resources. Forest tenure often is very complex, as there is an array of stakeholders with different interests to forests, such as the national and local state officials, the local users, local communities and Indigenous Peoples and seasonal users. Part of this complexity can be traced back to the colonial times, when many natural resources were taken over by the state while the rights of local resource users were unrecognized.  State control and management of land and forests persists in many areas today, yet these resources are claimed and managed by indigenous and local communities who base their tenure claims on community-based, customary rights that are commonly unacknowledged by states. Overlapping tenure rights often result from the co-existence of competing laws that emanate from the state and from communities.   The presence of multiple groups with overlapping and simultaneous tenure claims contributes to resource conflicts. In many countries, conflicts related to tenure and property rights are so grave that they result in social conflicts and violence, as well as environmental destruction.  

 

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights (Courtesy of CAPRi)

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

Indicator
(Source)
Unit Year Obs Missing Values (%) Min Max Remove

Mapping

Loading data ...

Ranking

    Média

    Latest News

    Foret.jpeg
    28 avril 2017
    Congo

    Date: 28 avril 2017

    Source: Adiac

    Par Fiacre Kombo

    Dans ses efforts pour l’atténuation et l’adaptation climatiques, le gouvernement congolais envisage d’aménager ses plantations dans les prochains mois sur des sites à déterminer. Ce projet qui a bénéficié du soutien de plusieurs partenaires devra également favoriser le secteur artisanal et des PME de transformation locale.

    Désertification.jpg
    6 février 2017
    Algérie

    Date: 06 février 2017

    Source: Jeune Indépendant

    Par Lynda Louifi

    Les spécialistes ont prévenu que l’avancée du désert en Algérie pourrait causer la désertification de 20 millions d’hectares alors que 600 000 hectares sont déjà désertifiés. La directrice du Centre de recherches scientifiques et techniques sur les régions arides (CRSTRA), Fatoum Lakhdari, affirme qu’il est plus qu’urgent pour le pays de faire de la lutte contre la désertification sa priorité.

    Latest Blogs

    image d’illustration – Spéculation foncière : le Mali sur une poudrière ?
    Afrique

    Date: 31 janvier 2017

    Source: Mali Actu

    Par C. L.

    Colonisation, traditions, religion. Trois législations se disputent le marché de la terre en Afrique et font régner la loi du plus fort. Que disent les campagnes ?

    Dans les malles des colons français, il y avait parfois des cadeaux empoissonnés. L’article 544 du code civil français, stipulant le titre de propriété privée, “absolu, exclusif, perpétuel”, que l ‘on entendait appliquer sur les terres africaines, faisait partie du lot.

    Land.png
    Global

    Date: 06 janvier 2016

    Source: Viacampesina.org

    Proposition de la Coordination Européenne Via Campesina

    Vers une compréhension et une définition commune de l’accaparement des terres dans le monde entier.

    Latest Events

    flickr_projoshua-mayer_cpforets.jpg
    13 juin 2017 to 14 juin 2017

    Emplacement

    Ghana
    GH
    Afrique

    Date: 9 juin 2017

    Source: Mediaterre

    Par: Pexine GBAGUIDI pour Unisféra

    La Banque africaine de développement (BAD) co-organise avec  le Fonds d'investissement climat, la première Conférence africaine d'investissement forestier à Accra, au Ghana, les 13 et 14 juin 2017.

    7 juin 2017 to 9 juin 2017

    Emplacement

    Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
    13083-970 São Paulo
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



    O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

    Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

    9 mai 2017 to 12 mai 2017

    Emplacement

    Centro Brasileiro para Conservação da Natureza e Desenvolvimento Sustentável
    Rua Christovam Lopes de Carvalho nº27, Sala 801
    Viçosa, Minas Gerais
    Brésil
    BR
    Brésil

    Com intuito de promover conhecimentos e experiência desenvolvidas na recuperação e degradação ambiental nos diversos biomas brasileiros, o evento pretende contribuir com a difícil tarefa de restauração desses biomas.

    Oasis.jpg
    28 septembre 2016 to 29 septembre 2016

    Emplacement

    Université Abdou Moumouni Niamey
    Niger
    NE
    Niger

    Source: Foncier-développement

    Colloque international organisé conjointement par l’Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, l’Université de Liège et l’Université Catholique de Louvain les 28 et 29 septembre 2016.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 2198
    Moving from information dissemination to community participation in forest landscapes cover image
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    août 2017

    Traditionally, in the context of environment and natural resources management, many communication efforts have focused on the dissemination of technical information to end-users who were expected to adopt them. Development practitioners were trying to ‘push’ their products on communities in order to receive community commitment to their development initiatives.

    Peer-reviewed publication
    juillet 2017

    Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) has been experiencing significant forest depletion since the 1980s, but there is little evidence to demonstrate the major causes and underlying drivers for the forest cover changes. In this study, we investigated the relationship between forest cover decrease and increase in the south of Lao PDR between 2006 and 2012 and selected physical and socio-economic factors.

    Peer-reviewed publication
    juillet 2017

    Community-managed reserves (CMRs) comprise the fastest-growing category of protected areas throughout the tropics. CMRs represent a compromise between advocates of nature conservation and advocates of human development. We ask whether CMRs succeed in achieving the goals of either. A fixed reserve area can produce only a finite resource supply, whereas human populations exploiting them tend to expand rapidly while adopting high-impact technologies to satisfy rising aspirations. Intentions behind the establishment of CMRs may be admirable, but represent an ideal rarely achieved.

    Keeping an Eye on SDG 15 cover image
    Training Resources & Tools
    Institutional & promotional materials
    juillet 2017

    The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set out the international community’s commitment to rid the world of poverty and hunger and achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions – economic, social and environmental.

    Defenders of the Earth cover image
    Reports & Research
    juillet 2017

    2016 saw a record 200 killings of people defending their land, forests and rivers against destructive industries.

    It has never been deadlier to take a stand against companies that steal land and destroy the environment. Our new report Defenders of the Earth found that nearly four people were murdered every week in 2016 protecting their land and the natural world from industries like mining, logging and agribusiness.

    Reports & Research
    juillet 2017

    Land is an important source of identity and a precious asset with significant emotional connection in India. It is also the main source of rural and feudal power structure for most of India’s history. Land is a symbol of social status, cultural identity and an expression of political power. The value of land is deeply ingrained in the consciousness and well-being of the poor farmers and indigenous communities who make up a substantial portion of India’s total population.