Access land-related information by indicator. Discover the list of different indicators available on the Land Book, filter the list of indicators by theme, get detailed information on each of them and download the data you need.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 481

(i) Clear rationale for fee determination; (ii) public schedule

(i) Clear rationale for fee determination; (ii) public schedule measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices. For more information please visit http://go.worldbank.org/21M7S7AZO0

A gender-sensitive approach to providing compensation to affected landholders

This indicator asks whether national laws require governments to follow a gender-sensitve approach to providing compensation, accounting for the varying ways in which women and men depend on and use land. "Gender-sensitive approach" as used here means an approach the provides special protections for women landholders, ensuring they are fairly compensated based on their right or attachment to the land. This indicator is based on Section 16.3 of the VGGTs, which provides that "States should ensure a fair valuation and prompt compensation in accordance with national law." This indicator is also based on various provisions established in the VGGTs which call for state and non-state actors to promote gender-sensitive land governance. For instance, Section 3b establishes that states should promote gender equality, which is defined as “ensur[ing] the equal right of women and men to the enjoyment of all human rights, while acknowledging difference between women and men and taking specific measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality when necessary." In addition to Section 3b, other sections of the VGGTs call for states to adopt gender-sensitive approaches to land governance, including Sections 4.4, 4.7, 5.3, 5.7, and 10.1. Additionally, Section 16.1 of the VGGTs calls for states to “respect all legitimate tenure rights holders... by providing just compensation," and women landholders are a subset of “legitimate tenure rights holders.” States should ensure that women and girls have equal tenure rights.” In countries where compensation procedures are gender-neutral, a score of "C" is provided. Answering the question posed by the indicator entailed reviewing a broad range of legally binding laws, regulations, and court decisions at the national level.

A right to alternative land and/or housing for all displaced persons

This indicator asks whether national laws provide all displaced populations with a right to alternative land and/or housing when their land is expropriated. This indicator is based on Section 16.8 of the VGGTs, which establishes that "evictions and relocations should not result in individuals being rendered homeless or vulnerable to the violation of human rights. Where those affected are unable to provide for themselves, States should, to the extent that resources permit, take appropriate measures to provide adequate alternative housing, resettlement or access to productive land, fisheries and forests as the case may be."

A right to challenge compensation decisions in court

This indicator asks whether national laws provide affected landholders with the right to appeal or challenge compensation decisions in court. This indicator is based on Section 16.3 of the VGGTs, which provides that "States should ensure a fair valuation and prompt compensation in accordance with national law." Furthermore, section 16.6 of the VGGTs provides "All parties should endeavour to prevent corruption, particularly through use of objectively assessed values, transparent and decentralized processes and services, and a right to appeal."Answering the question posed by the indicator entailed reviewing a broad range of legally binding laws, regulations, and court decisions at the national level.

A right to consultation during the resettlement process for all displaced persons

This indicator asks whether national laws provide displaced populations with the right to be consulted during the resettlement process after their land is expropriated. This indicator is based on section 16.8 of the VGGTs, which establishes that "States should, prior to eviction or shift in land use which could result in depriving individuals and communities from access to their productive resources, explore feasible alternatives in consultation with the affected parties, consistent with the principles of these Guidelines, with a view to avoiding, or at least minimizing, the need to resort to evictions."

A right to negotiate compensation levels

This indicator asks whether national laws provide affected populations with a right to negotiate compensation levels. This indicator is based on Section 16.3 of the VGGTs, which provides that "States should ensure a fair valuation and prompt compensation in accordance with national law." Furthermore, section 16.6 provides "All parties should endeavour to prevent corruption, particularly through use of objectively assessed values, transparent and decentralized processes and services, and a right to appeal."Answering the question posed by the indicator entailed reviewing a broad range of legally binding laws, regulations, and court decisions at the national level.

A right to productive alternative land or suitable alternative housing for all displaced persons

This indicator asks whether national laws provide all populations displaced by expropriation with a right to productive alternative land or suitable alternative housing. This indicator is based on Section 16.8 of the VGGTs, which establishes that "evictions and relocations should not result in individuals being rendered homeless or vulnerable to the violation of human rights. Where those affected are unable to provide for themselves, States should, to the extent that resources permit, take appropriate measures to provide adequate alternative housing, resettlement or access to productive land, fisheries and forests as the case may be."

A right to relocation allowance for all displaced persons

This indicator asks whether national laws provide relocation allowance to all displaced populations to cover transportation and other costs associated with moving to alternative land after expropriation occurs. This indicator is based on Section 16.8 of the VGGTs, which establishes that"evictions and relocations should not result in individuals being rendered homeless or vulnerable to the violation of human rights. Where those affected are unable to provide for themselves, States should, to the extent that resources permit, take appropriate measures to provide adequate alternative housing, resettlement or access to productive land, fisheries and forests as the case may be."

Access to conflict resolution

Access to conflict resolution measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices. For more information please visit http://go.worldbank.org/21M7S7AZO0

Access to improved sanitation facilities (%)

Share (%) of the total population with Access to Sanitation Facilities. Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.