Most of the upland areas of Southeast Asia are characterized by insufficient infrastructure, low productivity in smallholder crop and animal production, mounting environmental problems such as soil and forest degradation and loss of biodiversity, increasing population pressure, and widespread poverty, particular in rural areas. While some upland areas in South East Asia have been experiencing considerable progress during the past twenty years, others have stagnated or even declined with respect to economic, social and environmental objectives of development.
Anthropogenic land‐cover change is driving biodiversity loss worldwide. At the epicenter of this crisis lies Southeast Asia, where biodiversity‐rich forests are being converted to oil‐palm monocultures. As demand for palm oil increases, there is an urgent need to find strategies that maintain biodiversity in plantations. Previous studies found that retaining forest patches within plantations benefited some terrestrial taxa but not others. However, no study has focused on aquatic taxa such as fishes, despite their importance to human well‐being.
ASEAN-FAO cooperation on food security, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and sustainable development was first formalized through an exchange of letters between the ASEAN Secretariat and FAO from 1999-2000. Since then, FAO has been actively collaborating with ASEAN in a number of regional projects and activities.
With 48% forest cover, the Greater Mekong Subregion still has large areas of forest remaining. The area of primary forest is, however, low and falling, while large tracts of forest are highly degraded and forest planting rates remain low in most countries. Reinvestment in forests is necessary to maintain wood and timber production, support biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation, revitalise rural economies and protect against natural hazards and the impacts of climatic alterations. For a greener future, investment in forestry is essential.
Does forest tenure matter? In what way does it matter? What are the links among tenure, sustainable forest management (SFM) and poverty alleviation (PA)? This paper presents the main findings of research that was conducted by FAO and partners from the Asia Forest Partnership with the aim of analysing and understanding the role of tenure arrangements, their enabling impacts and their limitations. The paper presents a summary of different tenure instruments’ performance in supporting SFM and PA, and provides recommendations for more effective forest tenure systems.
Projections reveal that to sustain the likely world population in the year 2000, an increase of 60 percent in agricultural production will be required. "Is there sufficient land to meet these needs?" becomes the overriding question. However, little precise information exists on which to base a reliable answer. Previous appraisals of the global extents of arable lands, to support present and future human populations, vary from 3 to 7 thousand million hectares. Estimates of the populations these lands can support, vary from 7.5 to 40 thousand million.
Investments in water have played a critical role in promoting socio-economic development in rural Asia. Sustainable management of water resources remains a prerequisite for development and reducing poverty and hunger. Water is a key factor affecting agricultural production and reduction of rural poverty. Most small farmers live in areas with poor natural resource conditions, where water-related constraints are a root cause of low production and increasing vulnerability to natural disasters and climate variability.
This Decision approves the planning for the development of Viet Nam’s coastal economic zones.The aims of this Decision are to: develop coastal economic zones in order to boost overall development along Viet Nam’s coastline by paying attention to environmental protection; ensure the effective use of land, water surface and space in coastal economic zones; etc.
This Law provides for the conservation of wetlands and their flora and fauna, especially waterfowl, by combining far-sighted national policies with coordinated international action. Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen or water, whether natural or artificial, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt; waterfowl are birds ecologically dependent on wetlands.