Southeast Asia & Pacific

Banks pump billions into deforestation-linked firms in Southeast Asia - study

On Thu, Sep 8, 2016

By: Beh Lih Yi
Date: September 6th 2016
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

"This research suggests that banks continue to turn a blind eye to the devastating impacts of their financial services"

JAKARTA, Sept 6 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Banks have financed companies responsible for rainforest destruction in Southeast Asia to the tune of billions of dollars, a study showed Tuesday, and called on lenders to stop "fuelling forest crime".

Date of publication
août 2016
Geographical focus

The Asia and Pacific region has witnessed a remarkable transition in the past 2 decades. From 1990 to 2012, more than 1 billion people in Asia and the Pacific were lifted out of extreme poverty. The region also witnessed rapid economic growth, which is expected to remain stable at a growth rate of about 5.7% for the next 2 years.

Despite these achievements, the region is a global hot spot for water insecurity. It remains home to 60% of the world’s population and half of the world’s poorest people. Water for agriculture continues to consume 80% of the region’s resources. A staggering 1.7 billion people lack access to basic sanitation, and with a predicted population of 5.2 billion by 2050 and hosting 22 megacities by 2030, the region’s finite water resources will be placed under enormous pressure. Recent estimates indicate up to 3.4 billion people could be living in water-stressed areas of Asia by 2050. 

Coupling demographics with changes in demand adds a further dimension. Industrialization and economic transformation require more power and a shift to more water-intensive diets, thus increasing competition between water users like industry and agriculture. The region’s water demand is projected to increase by about 55%, due to the growing needs for domestic water, manufacturing, and thermal electricity generation. Agriculture will need to produce 60% more food globally by 2050, and 100% more in developing countries, using diminishing water resources.

These challenges are compounded by increasing climate variability and water-related disasters that threaten numerous major urban areas, agricultural production, and coastal populations. Poor governance and weak institutional capacity endemic of almost all developing countries in Asia and the Pacific place sustained and inclusive economic development of the region into a very precarious situation.

Water remains pivotal for sustainable development and is linked to a number of global challenges. The advent of the post-2015 development agenda and a dedicated Sustainable Development Goal for water reflects this message and reemphasizes the interlinkages of this finite resource across a range of users.

Call for Expressions of Interest- LEGEND analytical paper on land disputes

On Thu, Aug 25, 2016

The DFID-funded LEGEND (Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development) programme is commissioning an analytical paper on "Addressing land disputes in private sector or development interventions". The LEGEND Core Land Support Team (CLST) is looking to contract one or more experts to prepare this paper. Please find attached the TORs for this paper.

Date of publication
décembre 2014
Geographical focus

The mekong is a major transboundary central to the lives of the people in the southeast asia,Since 2006 contested plans have emerged for up to eleven dams on the lower mainstream,with the first project-the Xayaboury dam-under contruction in the northerm laos since 2010 the paper explores how uncertainty shaps transboundary water governance such as the politics of scale and knowledge

Date of publication
mars 2013

This briefing paper is prepared as part of the advocacy of the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) for the respect, protection and recognition of the human rights of indigenous women. In this paper, we focus on access to justice for indigenous women in Southeast Asia facing development-induced violence. We draw on the results of the Southeast Asia Regional Consultation on Development, Access to Justice and the Human Rights of Indigenous Women, held on October 30 – November 02, 2012 in Chiang Mai, Thailand that the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) convened in collaboration with the UN WOMEN Regional Office of Asia and Pacific. Focus of the cases and testimonies were on state and corporate development projects and their impact on the human rights of indigenous women. These projects included dams, mines, plantations, national parks and the like. The major issue that arose was the denial of the right of these indigenous peoples to determine their own path to political, social, economic and cultural development. This is patently seen in the lack of efforts to undertake meaningful and substantive consultation with them and obtain their free prior and informed consent on all projects and activities that are implemented in their communities. The lack of or limited access they have to seek justice remedies on violations arising from development projects are exacerbated by their non-recognition as rights-holder with collective rights. The imposition of development projects into indigenous territories has been called by indigenous peoples as development aggression.

The consultation was attended by twenty-nine indigenous women, as experts and rights-holders. There were joined by human rights experts from the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP), the UN WOMEN, the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC), the Southeast Asia National Human Rights Institution Forum (SEANF), the National Commission on Violence Against Women of Indonesia (KOMNAS Perempuan), the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand, the Asia Pacific Forum for Women, Law and Development (APWLD), and Indigenous Peoples’ International Centre for Policy Research and Education (Tebtebba).

Five case studies on the impacts of dams, plantations, mines, economic land concessions and national parks from Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, and the Philippines were presented. Additional testimonies were heard from Indonesia (plantation and mines), Malaysia (plantation), Myanmar (dams, plantations, gas-oil pipeline), the Philippines (mines), Thailand (parks), and Vietnam (road construction and dam). The participants came out with action points that are included in the recommendations in this paper.


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