Afrique septentrionale

Secteur-agricole-tunisie-l-economiste-maghrebin-1200x680.jpeg
Afrique septentrionale

Date : 18 septembre 2017

Source : Foncier & Développement

Omar Bessaoud traite de la problématique des réformes agraires dans trois pays du Maghreb: le Maroc, la Tunisie et l’Algérie. Après avoir rappelé la situation de chacun d’entre eux au lendemain des indépendances politiques, il décrit le contenu de chacune des réformes agraires mises en œuvre dans les années 1960-70 ainsi que les résultats enregistrés.

Reports & Research
juillet 2012
Global
Afrique septentrionale
Afrique sub-saharienne
Amériques
Asie central
Europe

When we talk about corruption in terms of statistics, it’s easy to forget the human cost of abused power. Behind every fact or figure are real people, forced to live without the services, opportunities and rights they deserve. All too often, these stories remain hidden – silenced through threats and intimidation, or drowned out by louder, more powerful voices. But with the right help, people can and do speak out. From rural villages to global cities, we are working around the world to help people break the silence and stand up against corruption.

Journal Articles & Books
décembre 2015
Maroc
Afrique septentrionale

Atriplex nummularia has been extensively planted in Northern Africa to combat desertification. However, few studies evaluated the effectiveness of these interventions. This study aimed at assessing the dynamic performance of a number of Atriplex plantations located in the Marrakech province in terms of multitemporal dry biomass production. Three SPOT 5 images (2004, 2008 and 2012) and field biomass measurements were integrated to quantify the dry biomass production dynamics of plantations established from 1996 to 2007. Different plant ages covered the whole plant life cycle curve.

Policy Papers & Briefs
janvier 2002
Tunisie
Afrique
Afrique sub-saharienne
Afrique septentrionale
Asie occidentale

The System-wide Program for Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi)sponsored an International Conference on Policy and Institutional Options for theManagement of Rangelands in Dry Areas, May 7-11, 2001 in Hammamet, Tunisia.

Journal Articles & Books
décembre 2002
Afrique
Afrique septentrionale

The West Asia–North Africa (WANA) region has a land area of 1.7 billion ha, and a population of 600 million. Desertification and soil degradation are severe problems in the region. The problem of drought stress is exacerbated by low and erratic rainfall and soils of limited available water holding capacity and soil organic carbon (SOC) content of less than 0.5 per cent. The SOC pool of most soils has been depleted by soil degradation and widespread use of subsistence and exploitative farming systems.

Journal Articles & Books
décembre 2011
Europe
Afrique septentrionale

Mediterranean areas of both southern Europe and North Africa are subject to dramatic changes that will affect the sustainability, quantity, quality, and management of water resources. Most climate models forecast an increase in temperature and a decrease in precipitation at the end of the 21st century. This will enhance stress on natural forests and shrubs, and will result in more water consumption, evapotranspiration, and probably interception, which will affect the surface water balance and the partitioning of precipitation between evapotranspiration, runoff, and groundwater flow.

Journal Articles & Books
décembre 2014
Algérie
Libye
Égypte
Asie occidentale
Afrique septentrionale

The Mediterranean region covers about 854 million ha, but only 118 million (or 14 per cent) are suitable for agricultural production. In North Africa and the Middle East (MENA), agricultural land covers about 5 per cent; in Egypt and Algeria, it occupies less than 4 per cent and, in Libya, less than 2 per cent of the total national land area. Across the Mediterranean region land use divides between natural pastures/rangelands (ca. 15 per cent), forests and woodlands (ca. 8 per cent), with the ca.

Journal Articles & Books
décembre 2012
Jordanie
Afrique septentrionale

The dry rangelands of West Asia and North Africa are fragile and severely degraded due to low rainfall and mismanagement of natural resources. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) interventions are used to increase soil moisture content, vegetation cover, and productivity. However, adoption of rainwater harvesting by communities is slow. To understand adoption constraints and to develop options for sustainable integration of rainwater harvesting, a benchmark watershed was established in the dry rangelands of Jordan.

Reports & Research
décembre 2013
Algérie
Égypte
Espagne
Iraq
Jordanie
Oman
République arabe syrienne
Tunisie
Italie
Sri Lanka
Asie
Afrique septentrionale

For many centuries, the people of the Near East and North Africa (NENA) Region were able to cope, and even flourish, under conditions of water scarcity. However, with decades of relentless high rate of population growth, rapid urbanization, and uncharacteristically excessive consumption patterns, the region is now facing unprecedented levels of pressure on its natural resources.

Journal Articles & Books
décembre 2012
Algérie
Égypte
Espagne
Mauritanie
Iraq
Chili
Allemagne
France
Maroc
Yémen
Philippines
Libye
Oman
Italie
Afrique du Sud
Koweït
Tunisie
Argentine
Bahreïn
Géorgie
Arabie saoudite
Afrique septentrionale

Our region is food insecure and a net importer of foods. It produces much less food than it requires due to many factors, such as limited arable land and shortage of water resources, and below world average agricultural productivity in many cases. In addition, the region suffers from excessive food losses and wastes. FAO estimated recently that food losses and waste in the world amounts to about 1.3 billion metric tons, and we estimate that our region’s share of these losses and wastes is very significant.