Date of publication
Agosto 2013
Geographical focus

The Review suggests the outlines of an
architecture for microfinance in Fiji in which the National
Centre for Small and Micro-Enterprise Development (NCSMED),
as envisioned by the Government of Fiji, is the primary
source of funding and technical assistance for microfinance
institutions. But to assure a sound financial sector
building approach to policy it is desirable that the Royal
Bank of Fiji also have substantial input. The Review also
discusses the capacity-building needs of the sector and
proposes that in addition to the role of NCSMED as the
domestic focal point for capacity-building, the World Bank
could be an appropriate external international agency to
support the National Centre in that role.

Date of publication
Marzo 2012
Geographical focus

This summary report is the culmination
of a comprehensive, more than a year-long, collaboration
between the World Bank, Fiji Department of Social Welfare
(DSW), Fiji Islands Bureau of Statistics (FIBOS) and AusAID.
It reflects various activities undertaken under the work
program that was agreed upon with the Government of Fiji
(GOF), with financial support provided by AusAID under the
Externally Funded Output (EFO) agreement with the World
Bank. The objective of this report is to present the key
findings and issues that emerged from the analysis, as well
as potential options for policy changes. The recommendations
are made with a view of being very concrete, and also with
understanding that while some of them could be implemented
quickly, others should be considered for medium to long
term. This summary report intentionally omits some technical
details, since those are available in the accompanying
background papers on various issues. The remainder of the
report is structured as follows. Section two presents the
profile of poverty and vulnerability in Fiji. It is intended
to provide a context for the discussion of the social
protection system. Section three presents a brief overview
of the current social protection system in Fiji. Section
four presents the key design features of Family Assistance
Program (FAP) and discusses the program's strengths and
challenges by looking at the range of the performance
indicators. The discussion in this section reflects the
findings emerging from the quantitative and qualitative
analysis of the FAP. Section five considers some of the
policy options for the design of the SP system moving
forward. In a way, it provides some 'big picture'
ideas and also highlights how much some of the changes could
cost from a budget perspective. It also discusses issues
related to the development of the new targeting approaches.
Section six highlights some of the key findings and
recommendations that emerged from the analysis of various
operational aspects of the SP system. The activity matrix in
the annex presents the suggested work program activities
that will need to be implemented in the next couple of years
to ensure progress with enhancing the SP system in Fiji.

Date of publication
Abril 2015
Geographical focus

This note aims to build understanding of
the existing disaster risk financing and insurance (DRFI)
tools in use in Fiji and to identify gaps where potential
engagement could further develop financial resilience. In
addition the note aims to encourage peer exchange of
regional knowledge, specifically by encouraging dialogue on
past experiences, lessons learned, optimal use of these
financial tools, and the effect they may have on the
execution of post-disaster funds. In 2012 alone Fiji
experienced three major events with estimated total damage
of F$146 million (US$78 million). Fiji is expected to incur,
on average over the long term, annual losses of F$158
million (US$85 million) due to earthquakes and tropical
cyclones. In the next 50 years Fiji has a 50 percent chance
of experiencing a loss exceeding F$1,500 million (US$806
million). The country has a taken a proactive approach to
DRFI and developed a finance manual for post-disaster budget
execution. The government now has F$3 million (US$1.6
million) available in DRFI instruments to facilitate
disaster response and also implemented tax concessions to
encourage donations in the wake of tropical cyclone Evan. A
number of options to support ongoing DRFI improvements in
Fiji are presented for consideration: (a) the finance manual
developed by the Ministry of Finance for post-disaster
procedures should be finalized, and cabinet approval should
be sought; (b) an overarching disaster risk financing and
insurance strategy should be developed that includes options
for risk transfer; and (c) assets should be identified in
order to develop an insurance program for critical public assets.

Date of publication
Enero 1970

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and other development partners are working together with countries to prepare Voluntary Guidelines that will provide practical guidance to states, civil society, the private sector, donors and development specialists on the responsible governance of tenure. By setting out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices, the Voluntary Guidelines will provide a framework and point of reference that stakeholders can use when developing their own policies and actions. Regional Consultations on the proposed Voluntary Guidelines are an important part of the process. They bring together regional representative, multidisciplinary groups to assess regional priorities and issues that should be considered when the Voluntary Guidelines are an important part of the process. They bring together regionally representative, multidisciplinary groups to assess regional priorities and issues that should be considered when the Voluntary Guidelines are drafted. The regional consultation for the Pacific Islands was hosted by the Government of Samoa, and was opened by Mr Taulealeausumai Laavasa Malua, Chief Executive Officer, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Samoa. The consultation was co-organized by the University of South Pacific, the Secretariat of the Pacific Community, and the FAO Subregional Office for the Pacific Islands. It was attended by 43 people, from 12 Pacific countries, who combined their broad range of expertise to identify the issues contained in the assessment for the Pacific Region. Participants were drawn from the public sector, civil society, private sector and academia, and came from Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. In addition, people from the Federated States of Micronesia, Niue and Papua New Guinea were invited but were unable to attend.

Date of publication
Enero 2013
Geographical focus
Date of publication
Marzo 2010
Geographical focus

This Decree establishes the Mahogany Industry Council and provides for the continuation of the Fiji Mahogany Trust, which was established as a body corporate under section 5 of the Fiji Mahogany Act 2003 for the benefit of landowners and the Fiji Hardwood Corporation Limited, transformed into a privatised Company for the purposes of developing the mahogany industry in Fiji, including the harvesting and processing of mahogany forests. The Decree also concerns plantations of mahogany trees in relation with, among other things, mahogany leases and customary land rights.

Date of publication
Enero 1979

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) - currently ratified by 187 countries - is the only human rights treaty that deals specifically with rural women (Art. 14). Adopted in 1979 by the United Nations Generally Assembly, entered into force in 1981. The Convention defines discrimination against women as follows:

For the purposes of the present Convention, the term "discrimination against women" shall mean any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field (Art. 1).

The Convention covers civil and political rights, as well as economic, social and cultural rights. Notably, it contains obligations on State Parties also in respect of discrimination by private parties, or in private contexts. Furthermore, CEDAW considers both de jure (in law) and de facto (in practice) discrimination. States that ratified - or otherwise acceded to - the Convention are legally bound to put its provisions in practice, even if they made reservations, which shouldn't be in any way "incompatible with the object and purpose" of the Convention (Art. 28).

Because it sets an international standard of women's human rights in areas such as education, employment, health care, marriage and family relations, politics, finance, and law, CEDAW provides a platform for lobbying governments to promote gender equality and hold them accountable at international level. CEDAW has been an important advocacy tool of the women's movement over the last 30 years.

States Parties of the Convention should submit periodic reports to the CEDAW Committee on the legislative, judicial, administrative or other measures which they have adopted to give effect to the provisions of the Convention (Art. 18). Civil society can present "shadow reports".  

Art. 14, 15 and 16 of CEDAW specifically deal with rural women, ownership of land, inheritance rights and right to access property. You can read the Convention on the OHCHR website, where you can also find information on past and current Sessions of the CEDAW Committe, including official States' Reports and civil society "shadow reports", the Committee's Concluding Observations, and General Recommendations.

Finally, you can find information for NGO participation.


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