España

ISO3
ESP
Date of publication
Agosto 2013

The book examines the impacts of medium-
and large-scale mines on local communities, through six case
studies, analyzing both the socioeconomic and cultural
effects, as well as environmental impacts of mining
operations on the communities. From a multidimensional
perspective, studies investigate mining operations costs,
and benefits, with an emphasis on the sustainability of
benefits, and the outcomes of the legal, and consultative
processes, in an aim to identify best practices - from the
stakeholders' perspectives - in the management of
mining development, extraction, and closure phases. It is
relevant to note the two factors that affected increased
globalization of trade markets in recent years: the decline
of the communist trading block, and the increased
environmental control in developed countries, being mineral
activities in developing, and transition countries one of
the most notable. Recommendations suggest that mining
sustainability can only be maintained with public, and
community support for the social, and economic activities of
a region, based on valuable comprehensive environmental
reviews of mine projects, and articulated with local
populations through employment, and services provision. To
this end, training strategies for the formation of
"semi-technicians" or, a broader technical
formation, should prepare a skilled work force, able to make
contributions, and as well, be less dependent on one
specific economic sector. But, concerted efforts on
participatory local development should focus not only on
capacity building, but on strengthening local community
leadership beyond the lifecycle of a mine.

Date of publication
Junio 2012
Geographical focus

The authors describe and analyze river basin management in the Guadalquivir River Basin in Spain. The Guadalquivir river flows westerly across southern Spain, with nearly all of its 57,017 k

Tierra para la vida. Tierra para quien la trabaja

On Sun, Jun 12, 2016

La tierra ha sido y es uno de los factores que más ha movilizado a los pueblos a lo largo de la historia. La lucha y resistencia de los campesinos y campesinas por la tierra sigue siendo una constante desde Honduras a Brasil, desde Filipinas a la India y desde Palestina hasta Mozambique, y es que la tierra no es un simple bien patrimonial, sino que representa una construcción social sobre la que las familias campesinas construyen un modelo de vida y un modo de ser y hacer en el mundo.

Date of publication
Octubre 2006
Geographical focus

Le présent accord conclu à Dakar, le 10 octobre 2006 entre la République du Sénégal et le Royaume d’Espagne vise la coopération dans les domaines: a) les services sociaux de base, spécialement la santé, l’assainissement, l’éducation, la sécurité alimentaire et la formation de ressources humaines; b) l’aménagement d’infrastructures de développement local; c) la protection des droits humains et des groupes sociaux les plus vulnérables; d) le renforcement des structures démocratiques et de la société civile et l’appui aux institutions locales; e) la protection et l’amélioration de la qualité de l’environnement en vue d’un développement durable; f) la promotion culturelle particulièrement dans la défense de l’identité culturelle pour un développement endogène et le libre accès aux équipements et services culturels de tous les secteurs de la population potentiellement bénéficiaire; g) le développement de la recherche scientifique et technologique et son application aux projets de coopération pour le développement.

Date of publication
Enero 1970

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and other development partners are working together with countries to prepare Voluntary Guidelines that will provide practical guidance to states, civil society, the private sector, donors and development specialists on the responsible governance of tenure. By setting out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices, the Voluntary Guidelines will provide a framework and point of reference that stakeholders can use when developing their own policies and actions.

Regional consultations on the proposed Voluntary Guidelines are an important part of the process. They bring together regionally representative, multidisciplinary groups to assess regional priorities and issues that should be considered when the Voluntary Guidelines are drafted. The regional consultation for Europe was hosted by the National Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration, Romania, and was opened by Ms Irina Alexe, the Secretary of State, Ministry of Administration and Interior. The consultation was cosponsored by the National Agency for Cadastre and Land Registration, Romania; GTZ (Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit) and BMZ (Ministry for Economic Development), Germany; the World Bank and FAO. It was attended by 91 people from 28 countries and territories of the region who contributed their substantial knowledge and experience of the public sector, private sector, civil society and academia. Regional participants came from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Date of publication
Abril 2007

This paper analyses the enforcement of the 2003 CAP reform in 5 countries of the West European Union: France, Germany, Italy, Spain and United Kingdom. The reform gives multiple possibilities of adaptation at a national or regional level. Two standard strategies are foreseen: that of the States which mobilized to the maximum the innovations that the reform allowed, and that of the States which have chosen the option of a minimal application, to limit the effects of reorientation of the productions (maximum sectors remain coupled) or of the redistribution of the payments (historical references). The great diversity of the conditions of agricultural production is one of the main explanations of the differences of enforcement of the reform. We analyse the first impacts of the reform. One can generally expect that the market of entitlements will be a priori limited, because of the links of the entitlements to land. The regionalisation of the calculation of the entitlements is incontestably the mechanism which introduces the most redistributive effects, compared to the individual historical references. We examine also the consequences of the Single Payment System (SPS) on land rent and land market.

Date of publication
Diciembre 2008
Geographical focus

El objetivo de la presente investigación fue analizar la correspondencia entre los resultados de una evaluación de tierras con la distribución real de los cultivos. Para ello la aptitud biofísica de las tierras se comparó con diferentes tipologías de frecuencia de ocurrencia de los cultivos y rotaciones derivadas de mapas de cultivos multitemporales. La investigación fue llevada a cabo en el distrito de riego de Flumen (33.000 ha), localizado en el valle del Ebro (NE España). La evaluación de tierras se basó en una cartografía de suelos 1:100.000, según el esquema FAO, para los principales cultivos presentes en el área de estudio (alfalfa, cereales de invierno, maíz, arroz y girasol). Se utilizaron tres mapas de frecuencia de cultivos y un mapa de rotaciones, derivado de una serie temporal de imágenes Landsat TM y ETM+ del periodo 1993-2000, y se compararon con los mapas de aptitud de tierras para los diferentes cultivos. Se analizó estadísticamente (Pearson chi al cuadrado, Cramer V, Gamma y Somers D) la relación entre los dos tipos de variables. Los resultados muestran la existencia de una relación significativa (P=0,001) entre la localización de los cultivos y la idoneidad de las tierras, excepto de cultivos oportunistas como el girasol, muy influenciado por las subvenciones en el periodo estudiado. Las rotaciones basadas en la alfalfa muestran los mayores porcentajes (52%) de ocupación en las tierras más aptas para la agricultura en el área de estudio. El presente enfoque multitemporal de análisis de la información ofrece una visión más real que la comparación entre un mapa de evaluación de tierras y un mapa de cultivos de una fecha determinada, cuando se valora el grado de acuerdo entre las recomendaciones sobre la aptitud de las tierras y los cultivos realmente cultivados por los agricultores.

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