Resultados de la búsqueda

Showing items 1 through 25 of 44582.
  1. Partners
    M-LIKE logo

    MLIKE is a multi-organisational interactive platform or "initiative space" to foster openness and support information-sharing, analysis, dialogue and problem-solving, by a wide range of stakeholders, on land issues in the Mekong region.

  2. Partners
    Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND)

    About us

    Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND) is a new DFID global programme designed to mobilise knowledge and capacity for design and delivery of new country programmes, improve land governance as an essential and inclusive basis for economic development, and strengthen land and property rights at scale.

  3. Country narrative

    Rwanda

    RWA

    Rwanda is a small country and landlocked. It covers an area of 26,338 km². In Rwanda, land is an important issue due to two different characteristics: first is that Rwanda is one of the most densely populated countries in the world (416 people per km2 – (NISR, 2012). Being an agricultural country, where over 85% of its working class citizens depend on agriculture, adds more pressure on land as the sole economic capital to the rural peasants [1].

    Source of the narrative
    Mireille Biraro
  4. Thematic narrative
    Land Conflicts

    Land Conflicts

    A “land conflict” involves competing claims to large areas of land by groups, of a breadth and depth not easily resolved within existing law.

    Conflict is a major cause and, in some cases, result of humanitarian crises. Conflict frequently overlaps with underlying social inequalities, poverty and high levels of vulnerability. Conflicts are direct threats to food security as they cause massive loss of life and therefore loss of workforce (which is particularly important, as agriculture tends to rely heavily on human labour), loss of vital livestock, and loss of land.

  5. Country narrative

    Paraguay

    PRY

    En el Paraguay el problema de la tierra sigue siendo un aspecto determinante de las condiciones de vida de la mayor parte de la población. La estructura de tenencia de la tierra actual, caracterizada por una enorme concentración de la misma en un pequeño grupo de propietarios, es fruto de un largo y conflictivo proceso histórico que ha significado el despojo y el desarraigo de miles de hombres y mujeres del campo, al tiempo de que otros han logrado permanecer en sus comunidades, mediante enormes sacrificios y una admirable fuerza de voluntad.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  6. Country narrative

    Paraguay

    PRY

    In Paraguay, land is still a factor that determines the living conditions of a majority of the population. Current land tenure is characterized by a huge concentration of land being put in the hands of a small group of landowners. This unequal distribution of land is the result of a long and contentious history that has caused the dispossession and uprooting of thousands of men and women in the countryside. Meanwhile, others have managed to remain in their communities through enormous sacrifice and willpower.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  7. Country narrative

    Perú

    PER

    Perú comparte con varios países sudamericanos los principales problemas relacionados con la tierra: la existencia del latifundio por un lado, y el minifundio por otro, en lógicas marcadas por los intereses de actores como terratenientes, agroindustriales, campesinos, comunidades nativas (indígenas).

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  8. Country narrative

    Ecuador

    ECU

    La problemática de la tierra en el Ecuador es de larga data y se ha caracterizado por la relación entre el acceso, el uso y la propiedad de la tierra y los problemas de las familias y comunidades campesinas e indígenas; pero también por la relación directa y visible con los sectores que poseen tierras en grandes cantidades, que tienen acceso al poder político y económico del país y que definen qué es necesario para el campo, sus problemas, sus agendas y sus políticas de desarrollo.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  9. Country narrative

    Colombia

    COL

    La inequidad en la tenencia de la tierra ha marcado estructuralmente la historia de Colombia, desde la oposición de intereses entre el minifundio y el latifundio, entre campesinos que demandan tierras y terratenientes que se oponen a ello; pero además, un elemento fundamental a considerar es la existencia del conflicto armado interno, que complejiza las relaciones sociales en el agro, sin olvidar también que la disputa por la tierra se dinamiza actualmente con la presencia de grandes empresas nacionales y extranjeras y la consolidación de un modelo productivo basado en el agronegocio para l

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  10. Country narrative

    Bolivia

    BOL

    La problemática de la tierra ha sido siempre un tema fundamental en Bolivia, ya que supone una parte vertebral de las demandas de los movimientos campesinos e indígenas del país, y por lo mismo, también ha estado dentro de los programas gubernamentales y de las agendas de otros actores nacionales.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  11. Country narrative

    Bolivia

    BOL

    Land has always been a fundamental issue in Bolivia. It is the backbone of demands by the country’s peasant and indigenous movements. Thus, it also has been part of government programs and of other national actors´ agendas.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  12. Country narrative

    Perú

    PER

    Peru shares the main land-related problems of several South American countries: the existence of very large landholdings (latifundios), on the one hand, and small landholdings (minifundios), on the other, in historical processes marked by the interests of actors such as landowners, agro-industrialists, peasants, and indigenous communities.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  13. Country narrative

    Ecuador

    ECU

    The problems associated with land tenure in Ecuador are long-standing and have been characterized by the relationship between access, use and ownership of land, and by the problems of peasant and indigenous families and communities. These problems are also characterized by the direct and visible relationship with sectors that own large amounts of land, have access to the country’s political and economic power, and define what is necessary for the countryside, its problems, its agendas and its development policies.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  14. Country narrative

    Colombia

    COL

    Inequities in land tenure have existed throughout the history of Colombia. This is primarily due to competing interests between small landholdings (minifundios) and large estates (latifundios); between peasants and landowners. Fundamental to Columbia is the existence of the internal armed conflict, which complicates social relations in the agricultural sector, not to mention land disputes heightened by the presence of large national and foreign companies. These disputes arise from the consolidated production model based on agribusiness for the production of raw materials for export.

    Source of the narrative
    Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sudamérica
  15. Country narrative

    Brasil

    BRA

    In Brazil, inequality of land distribution, inadequate access to land by the poor, and insecure tenure are contributing factors to land degradation, destruction of forests, rural poverty, violence, human rights abuses, exploitation of rural workers, and migration to crime-ridden slums and shantytowns in urban areas. In spite of numerous programs to facilitate access to land, issues remain, particularly for landless peasants.

    Source of the narrative
    USAID
  16. Country narrative

    Yemen

    YEM

    Yemen is the poorest country in the Middle East, with 80% of its poor in rural areas. In spite of limited cultivable land, nearly two-thirds of Yemenis derive their livelihood from agriculture. An increasing proportion of land has been converted from food production to the growing of qat, and small farmers’ land holdings are getting smaller while the largest and wealthiest landowners’ holdings are increasing. Sixty-two percent of farms cover less than 2 hectares.

    Source of the narrative
    USAID
  17. Country narrative

    Nicaragua

    NIC

    Nicaragua’s tumultuous political history reflects the dramatic impacts that differing perspectives on property rights and resource governance can have on the structure and performance of societies and economies. The Somoza regimes that governed Nicaragua from 1936 to 1979 emphasized the primacy of private property rights and the pursuit of an export market-oriented, large-scale commercial agriculture.

    Source of the narrative
    USAID
  18. Country narrative

    Guatemala

    GTM

    In Guatemala, a history of discrimination and inequality of opportunity led to a 36-year conflict that finally subsided with a Peace Agreement in 1996. Improvements since then have prevented a return to conflict and begun to create the conditions for sustained stability. However, the persistence of substantial inequality constitutes a risk factor for future stability and constrains Guatemala’s growth potential.

    Source of the narrative
    USAID
  19. Country narrative

    México

    MEX

    Mexico is an upper-middle-income country whose economy has grown steadily but much more slowly than that of other emerging-market countries. Mexico was hard hit by the global economic crisis because of its dependence on oil exports, trade with and remittances from the United States. Mexico‘s GDP actually fell by 6.5% in 2009, but it is expected to rebound and resume a steady but slow rate of growth.

    Source of the narrative
    USAID
  20. Country narrative

    Indonesia

    IDN

    Indonesian development policies have for the past several decades focused on rapid economic growth, without a targeted strategy to benefit the least powerful groups, such as landless and land-poor agricultural laborers in the densely populated agricultural districts and the equally poor forest-dwelling communities in the less populated islands. Indonesia’s legal and regulatory framework governing land is flawed and in need of a comprehensive overhaul.

  21. Country narrative

    Albania

    ALB

    Albania has significant natural resources, including fertile agricultural land, an Adriatic/Ionian coastline, abundant water resources with hydropower potential and valuable mineral deposits. Since the fall of communism in 1991, the country has made significant progress toward establishing a multi-party democracy and has implemented numerous economic reforms. Albania‘s economy is one of the fastest growing in Europe (averaging 5.5% in the 2006 – 2009 period) and the percentage of the population living in poverty fell from 25% in 2002 to 12% in 2008.

  22. Country narrative

    Filipinas

    PHL

    The Philippines consists of 7,107 islands covering 300,000 square kilometers (30 million hectares), including 298,170 square kilometers of land and 1,830 square kilometers of water. Land distribution is highly skewed, and much of the land is moderately or severely eroded. Despite various land reforms, the majority of rural people remain landless, and there is a swelling urban population living in informal settlements. While considerable swaths of lands have been redistributed, the most productive and fertile private agricultural lands remain with wealthy private landowners.

  23. Country narrative

    República Democrática del Congo

    COD

    The Democratic Republic of Congo has experienced a long war that has killed 3.5 million people and devastated the country. After the end of the conflict in 1997, the new government began rebuilding administrative systems and set new standards for good governance.  Congo’s population is composed of several ethnic groups, most of which are of Bantu origin. More than half of the population is rural, with agriculture accounting for 41% of the total GDP.

  24. Country narrative

    Libia

    LBY

    Libya was governed for 42 years by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi until the revolution of 2011.Since the end of the Gaddafi regime, Libya has experienced an unstable political situation, and the new government has not yet clarified if property rights will be reformed.  The country has a population of 6.2 million, of which approximately 23% is rural.

  25. Country narrative

    Jamaica

    JAM

    Jamaica is a Caribbean island with a population of approximately 2.6 million people that mostly live in rural areas and largely depend on the county’s natural resources. Jamaica’s population is 47% rural, with the majority of poor people living in rural areas.