Urban Tenure

With the expansion of cities and urban infrastructure comes a growing need to better understand the relationship between people and land in urban and peri-urban areas.

Urbanization is a global phenomenon. Countries throughout the world are rapidly urbanizing, particularly in the developing world, and for the first time in human history the majority of people today live in urban areas [1]. By 2050, 66% of the world’s population is projected to live in urban areas. The most urbanized regions include Northern America (82% of the population living in urban areas in 2014), Latin America and the Caribbean (80%) and Europe (73%). In contrast, Africa and Asia remain mostly rural, but are urbanizing faster than the other regions and are projected to become 56 and 64% urban, respectively, by 2050 [2].

The causes of urbanization include natural population growth and rural-urban migration, which can result from under-employment in rural areas, poor agricultural conditions, reclassification of rural to urban land, conflicts in rural areas, and from the prospect of better economic opportunities in urban areas. The consequences of rural-urban migration include the densification of certain parts of the city, often resulting in informal settlements. Urban sprawl and the expansion of the urban footprint may also result—either through formal or informal processes.   

Urban population projections highlight the increasing demand for land, both for housing and food production, as well as for a variety of economic activities related to urban land.  However, since land is a limited resource and increasingly unavailable within cities across the world, intensified pressures on urban land can lead to a shortage of land and skyrocketing land values. To the urban poor, this means that access to land becomes increasingly difficult, be it for housing, food production, or trading. Lack of access to land can result in “informal” or unregulated land management and occupation.

Meanwhile, as competition for land intensifies, nearly 70% of land systems across the globe remain undocumented [3]. Particularly in developing countries, enormous surfaces are covered under social tenures, informal and overlapping rights. Land regularization is not a feasible option to the majority of informal dwellers due to financial, technical and judicial barriers. As a result, rapid urbanization is often associated with a decrease of tenure security, particularly for the urban poor. This can negatively impact millions of people.

In 2015, the United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on Adequate Housing as a Component of the Right to an Adequate Standard of Living acknowledged the increasing rates of forced evictions with impunity, the expansion of informal settlements (often without basic services like water, sewage, electricity or roads), the development of unaffordable rental properties, and the tenure insecurity of millions of people [4].

With security of tenure, people are more likely to invest in their families, homes, and futures [5]. When households and communities have secure tenure, they are more willing and able to engage in housing and settlement development processes. When land tenure is secure, land can be a cornerstone for economic growth and an incentive for investment, but when land rights are insecure, this can lead to conflicts, instability and the exclusion of vulnerable groups, such as women, Indigenous Peoples and the poor.

 

 

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Multimedia

    Latest News

    24 Abril 2017

    PRESENTACIÓN

    Desde la década de 1990, la globalización se ha convertido en un tema recurrente en los estudios urbanos y en la gestión de las ciudades. No obstante el creciente intercambio e interdependencia entre ciudades de distintos países, la apertura más profunda de los mercados ocurrida durante esta década provocó una coyuntura que cuestiona la autonomía local y sus especificidades.

    3 Febrero 2017

    La Universidad Católica de Santa Fe a través de su Dirección de Posgrado y el Centro Experimental de la Vivienda Económica (CEVE), dependiente del CONICET y la Asociación de la Vivienda Económica (AVE), informan que hasta el 1 de marzo se encuentran abiertas las inscripciones para una nueva cohorte de la Especialización en Gestión integral del Hábitat.

    Quito, 20 oct (PL) El secretario ejecutivo de la ONU, Joan Clos, y el presidente de Ecuador, Rafael Correa, clausuraron aquí la Conferencia sobre Vivienda y Desarrollo Urbano Sostenible Hábitat III que adoptó una Nueva Agenda para los próximos 20 años.
    'Es un momento oportuno para la Nueva Agenda Urbana (NAU) y sus compromisos dirigidos a un planeta más sostenible para el futuro inmediato', afirmó Clos al intervenir en el cierre del foro mundial, iniciado el pasado día 17 con la asistencia de 45 mil personas.

    Latest Events

    23 Agosto 2017 to 25 Agosto 2017

    Ubicación

    Curitiba, Brasil Curitiba
    Brasil
    BR

    Nos dias 23,24 e 25 de agosto do presente ano, levar-se-á a cabo o TERCEIRO CONGRESSO IBEROAMERICANO DE SOLO URBANO na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil, com o tema “O solo na nova agenda urbana”, organizado de maneira conjunta pelo Colégio Mexiquence AC, a Universidade Federal do Paraná, a Universidade Pontifícia Católica do Paraná e a Universidade Positivo.

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Centro Brasileiro para Conservação da Natureza e Desenvolvimento Sustentável
    Rua Christovam Lopes de Carvalho nº27, Sala 801
    Viçosa, Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR

    Com intuito de promover conhecimentos e experiência desenvolvidas na recuperação e degradação ambiental nos diversos biomas brasileiros, o evento pretende contribuir com a difícil tarefa de restauração desses biomas.

    1 Mayo 2017 to 31 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Online
    Estados Unidos
    US

    DESCRIPTION

    Rights to land and resources are at the center of our most pressing development issues: poverty reduction, food security, conflict, urbanization, gender equality, climate change, and resilience. Secure Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) create incentives for investment, broad-based economic growth, and good stewardship of natural resources. Insecure property rights and weak land governance systems often provoke conflict and instability, which can trap communities, countries, and entire regions in a cycle of poverty.

    24 Abril 2017

    Ubicación

    Curitiba
    Brasil
    BR

    Los días 23, 24 y 25 de agosto del presente año, se llevará a cabo el TERCER CONGRESO IBEROAMERICANO DE SUELO URBANO en la ciudad de Curitiba, Brasil, con el tema “El suelo en la nueva agenda urbana”, organizado de manera conjunta por El Colegio Mexiquense AC, la Universidad Federal do Paraná, la Pontificia Universidad Católica do Paraná y la Universidad Positivo.

    Debates

    Cerrado
    23 Enero 2017 to 24 Febrero 2017
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino

    En América Latina y Caribe (ALC), millones de personas no tienen acceso a suelo adecuado para vivienda o viven sin seguridad de tenencia, con el temor constante de desalojos, reubicaciones injustificadas, y expulsiones sistemáticas por presiones del mercado. Los conflictos de suelo son elemento clave de la agenda de incidencia de los defensores del derecho humano a una vivienda adecuada.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 479
    Reports & Research
    Febrero 2017

    This case study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of a Parliamentary Commission established in 2012 in Myanmar to examine ‘land grab’ cases considered and to propose solutions towards releasing the land to its original owners, in most cases smallholder farming families. The study analyses the information contained in four reports released to the public, but also aims to elicit information they do not reveal.

    Regulations
    Enero 2017

    Dentro del Plan Nacional de Desarrollo en la Meta México Incluyente, se establece como una de sus líneas de acción propiciar la modernización de catastros y de registros públicos de la propiedad, así como la incorporación y regularización de propiedades no registradas.

    Multimedia
    Diciembre 2016

    Una producción realizada por Marco Arnez de Producciones Cinematográficas Huayrurito para la presentación del Caso 90 de acceso a la tierra del de Movimiento Regional por la Tierra y Territorio.
    The film production was made by Marco Arnez- Producciones cinematográficas Huayrurito for the presentation of the "Case # 90" of access to land within the Regional Movement for Land and Territory.