Commercial Pressure on Land

Land & Investments

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

 

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Latest News

    25 Abril 2017

    Premio Goldman para uno de los activistas que hacen frente a las grandes empresas mineras y los políticos corruptos en Guatemala

     

    La Fundación Ambiental Goldman ha concedido este año uno de sos prestigiosos galardones -considerados como los ‘premios Nobel del medio ambiente’- al activista Rodrigo Tot, uno de los más destacados defensores de la naturaleza y los derechos de los pueblos de Centroamérica.

    8 Marzo 2017

    En el día Internacional de las mujeres y como justo homenaje a las Defensoras de la naturaleza y la vida, la Red Latinoamericana de Mujeres Defensoras de Derechos Sociales y Ambientales,  Censat Agua Viva y ACKnowl-EJ (Academic-Activist Co-Production of Knowledge for Environmental Justice), queremos visibilizar el rol fundamental que desempeñan las mujeres latinoamericanas en la defensa de sus territorios, estrategias y sentires que las ponen al frente en los  conflictos mineros, pero también conocer los impactos diferenciados que generan las actividades mineras en la vida de las mujeres a

    12 Marzo 2017

    Los ciudadanos de la municipalidad salvadoreña de Cinquera, en el norteño departamento de Cabañas, se opusieron a un proyecto minero de forma contundente. El voto favorable de 98 por ciento de los consultados lo convirtió en el quinto “territorio libre de minería” de El Salvador.

    “Las compañías mineras tienen un vasto campo con grandes extensiones en otros países, y muchas veces necesitan usar leyes comparadas de otros países para poder aplicar sus prácticas en El Salvador.”, explicó a IPS el fiscal para la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos, William Iraheta.

    Latest Blogs

    por Cecilia Lanza Lobo



    Nosotros, los habitantes de este país que alguna vez produjo más de 1.550 variedades de papa para el mundo y que ahora las importa del Perú. Este país que llamaba a Cochabamba su "granero” porque sus campos sembrados abastecían buena parte de los mercados del país con unos choclos enormes y sabrosos, tomates grandes, jugosos, cebolla por montones, verduras y hortalizas, duraznos de San Benito como pelotas de tenis, ciruelos y damascos, pacayes, piñas gordas y dulces desde el Chapare.

    Latest Events

    23 Agosto 2017 to 25 Agosto 2017

    Ubicación

    Curitiba, Brasil Curitiba
    Brasil
    BR

    Nos dias 23,24 e 25 de agosto do presente ano, levar-se-á a cabo o TERCEIRO CONGRESSO IBEROAMERICANO DE SOLO URBANO na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil, com o tema “O solo na nova agenda urbana”, organizado de maneira conjunta pelo Colégio Mexiquence AC, a Universidade Federal do Paraná, a Universidade Pontifícia Católica do Paraná e a Universidade Positivo.

    7 Junio 2017 to 9 Junio 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
    13083-970 São Paulo
    Brasil
    BR

    O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



    O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

    Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Centro Brasileiro para Conservação da Natureza e Desenvolvimento Sustentável
    Rua Christovam Lopes de Carvalho nº27, Sala 801
    Viçosa, Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR

    Com intuito de promover conhecimentos e experiência desenvolvidas na recuperação e degradação ambiental nos diversos biomas brasileiros, o evento pretende contribuir com a difícil tarefa de restauração desses biomas.

    Debates

    Cerrado
    23 Enero 2017 to 24 Febrero 2017
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino

    En América Latina y Caribe (ALC), millones de personas no tienen acceso a suelo adecuado para vivienda o viven sin seguridad de tenencia, con el temor constante de desalojos, reubicaciones injustificadas, y expulsiones sistemáticas por presiones del mercado. Los conflictos de suelo son elemento clave de la agenda de incidencia de los defensores del derecho humano a una vivienda adecuada.

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    Displaying 1 - 6 of 657
    Cover photo
    Reports & Research
    Octubre 2017

    This study assessed the contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District. Specifically, it assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to which GGM has contributed to socio-economic development in the study area, and examined the communities’ perceptions of environmental problems associated with mining activities and their impact on community well-being. A cross-sectional research design was employed, in which qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection were used.

    Manuals & Guidelines
    Mayo 2017

    Esta publicação busca trazer a todos os Municípios brasileiros orientações sobre como incorporar a nova agenda de desenvolvimento, a Agenda de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (Agenda 2030) no planejamento e na gestão municipal. Trata-se de uma agenda global para o desenvolvimento humano e sustentável à qual o Brasil, junto com outros 192 países, aderiu em setembro de 2015, e que deve ser implantada até 2030.

    In the Valley of the Shadow of Death? cover image
    Reports & Research
    Mayo 2017

    London Mining Network is an alliance of human rights, development, environmental and solidarity groups working in support of communities around the world who are badly affected by mining companies based in, or financed from, London.

    One such company is Antofagasta plc, one of the larger mining companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. The majority of its operations are in Chile. The most significant shareholders in Antofagasta are members of the Luksic family, a wealthy Chilean family which is also involved in a number of other businesses.

    Journal Articles & Books
    Mayo 2017

    This paper uses the case of South Africa’s latest land redistribution strategy known as the Proactive Land Acquisition Strategy, to explore whether, and how, research can have direct and positive impacts on beneficiaries of land reform. The study is situated within the practice of action research: to explore how it can generate knowledge that can be shared back and forth between stakeholders, as well as how it may ignite changes that the participants desire. The findings are that Proactive Land Acquisition Strategy is not meeting the overall goals land reform.

    Legislation & Policies
    Mayo 2017

    A Lei n.º 62/2012, de 10 de dezembro, criou a bolsa nacional de terras para utilização agrícola, florestal ou silvopastoril, nos termos da qual a Direção -Geral de Agricultura e Desenvolvimento Rural (DGADR) exerce as funções de entidade gestora da referida bolsa. A Resolução do Conselho de Ministros n.º 24/2014, de 20 de março criou o grupo de acompanhamento da bolsa de terras, integrado, nomeadamente, por representantes das direções regionais de agricultura e pescas e das GeOp.

    Phillipines.jpg
    Reports & Research
    Mayo 2017

    Source: Farmlandgrab

    Veuillez trouver ci-joint une nouvelle publication intitulée “Accaparement de terres et droits humains: Le rôle des acteurs européens à l’étranger.” Ce document contient plusieurs examples de cas d’Afrique. En plus, il contient des recommandations de mesures à prendre par l’Union européenes et ses Etats membres pour arrêter et prévenir l’accaparement des terres et promouvoir les droits humains.