Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Indicators

Share (%) of Agricultural Value added with respect to the Total Value Added produced in a given country in a given year.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Free negotiations between right holders and investors measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Key information on land concessions is public measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Rule of law captures perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the poli

Measurement unit
Index (-2.5; 2.5)

This indicator measures total natural resources rents as a share of the gross domestic product (GDP) of a given country.

Measurement unit
% of GDP

This indicator asks whether national laws provides alternative approaches to the fair market value approach in cases where land markets are weak or non-existent.

Measurement unit
Index (A; C)

Mapping

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Total Area (ha) calculated as the sum of all deals, in a gven country over the period 2000-2015.

Measurement unit
Ha

Ranking

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Investments selected openly on economic, socio-cultural and environmental basis measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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Latest News

7 Diciembre 2017
América Latina y el Caribe

¿Desarrollo e inversiones con respeto a derechos humanos y medio ambiente en América Latina? Para defensores de Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua, reunidos en Bruselas, un sueño lejano. ¿Por qué?

El desfase entre el respeto a los derechos humanos, los intereses económicos internacionales y es el mayor desafío para América Latina.  De los 200 asesinatos a defensores de derechos humanos y ambientalistas que hubo en 2016 en todo el mundo, el 60% tuvo lugar en América Latina. Según cifras de Global Witness, 14 fueron en Honduras, 11 en Nicaragua, 4 en Guatemala.

19 Noviembre 2017
Guatemala

Un informe elaborado por la ONG vasca Mugarik Gabe revela las actuaciones de las principales transnacionales que operan en ese país centroamericano. ACS e Hidralia Energía acumulan denuncias por persecución y criminalización contra los lugareños que no cedieron ante sus proyectos.

 

 

Por Danilo Albin

10 Noviembre 2017
América Latina y el Caribe
Chile

 

El capital financiero que circula por el planeta muestra un creciente interés en la adquisición de tierra, actividad que toma forma desde la explotación minera a la agricultura. Un proceso con fuertes efectos en los pequeños propietarios, en los modos de vida y en la concentración de los mercados y del poder económico. Esta actividad tiene en Chile un actor privilegiado: aun cuando no es el único, el sector forestal es aquí el paradigma de la acumulación por desposesión.

 

Latest Blogs

América Latina y el Caribe
Por Polette Rivero Villaverde (México)
 
Las disputas por la tierra y el territorio forman parte de los conflictos más antiguos de la humanidad, y al mismo tiempo que ésta, han ido cambiando de tal manera que podemos identificar las formas y métodos de despojo predominantes, así como los sujetos antagónicos que protagonizan estas luchas en cada fase histórica.
América Latina y el Caribe
Por Polette Rivero Villaverde (México)
 
Las disputas por la tierra y el territorio forman parte de los conflictos más antiguos de la humanidad, y al mismo tiempo que ésta, han ido cambiando de tal manera que podemos identificar las formas y métodos de despojo predominantes, así como los sujetos antagónicos que protagonizan estas luchas en cada fase histórica.
Perú

No es ninguna novedad que uno de los principales problemas históricos que tiene nuestro país sea la ocupación desordenada que hemos tenido sobre nuestro territorio. El Estado no ha podido hasta el momento diseñar una organización política y territorial clara que busque enfrentar la diversa problemática que se desprende como consecuencias de ese desorden.

Colombia

Por Javier Alexander Macías

La ley de las Zonas de Interés y Desarrollo Económico, Zidres, con la que el presidente Juan Manuel Santos busca brindar desarrollo al campo, sobre todo en sectores inexplorados que servirían como despensa de alimentos, superó el último escollo al ser fallada positivamente por la Corte Constitucional.

Latest Events

30 Noviembre 2017 to 1 Diciembre 2017

Ubicación

Abuja
Nigeria
NG
África

Women account for 60–80 per cent of smallholder farmers and comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector. Inequalities between women and men in access to land, productive resources, income-generating activities and public consultation spaces seriously undermine women’s capacity to contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

27 Noviembre 2017 to 30 Noviembre 2017

Ubicación

Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
Piauí
Brasil
BR
Brasil

A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

 

Coordenador

Mekong Ag Invest work
15 Noviembre 2017 to 17 Noviembre 2017

Ubicación

Lao Plaza Vientiane
Laos
LA
Asia sudoriental

This Mekong region workshop will explore the challenges of large-scale agricultural investments to suggest solutions supportive of sustainable and pro-poor development, as well as economic growth.  A set of recommendations will be produced. 

The event is co-hosted by the Investment Promotion Department of the Ministry of Planning and Investment and the Mekong Region Land Governance Project, with co-conveners, Oxfam and the Institute of Policy and Strategy and Agricultural Research and Development, Viet Nam (IPSARD).

2 Noviembre 2017
Global

Ahead of the UNFCCC COP23 in Bonn, the Donor Platform is pleased to invite you to a webinar to learn and discuss about a recent Oxfam report on finance to women farmers. The report looks at whether and to what extent women are obtaining adequate support for farming and adapting to climate change. Oxfam conducted research on government and donor investments in Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

Debates

Cerrado
23 Enero 2017 to 24 Febrero 2017
Facilitators
Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
América Latina y el Caribe

En América Latina y Caribe (ALC), millones de personas no tienen acceso a suelo adecuado para vivienda o viven sin seguridad de tenencia, con el temor constante de desalojos, reubicaciones injustificadas, y expulsiones sistemáticas por presiones del mercado. Los conflictos de suelo son elemento clave de la agenda de incidencia de los defensores del derecho humano a una vivienda adecuada.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 1473
Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre 2017
Myanmar

Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG)'s first edition guidebook to customary tenure in Myanmar provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. Written by Celine Allaverdian, Julia Fogerite, Natalia Scurrah, Si Thu Than Htike in cooperation with the Learning and Alliance partners, including Farmers and Landworkers

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre 2017

A discussion note from Mekong Region Land governance (MRLG) summarizing findings and recommendations of a multi-stakeholder initiative and study tour conducted in Southern Laos, to study the social and environmental practices of two large scale companies holding large scale concessions in Lao PDR, published by MRLG in January 2017.

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre 2017

For the past decade, GIZ has supported participatory land use planning, land registration and land titling as a vehicle for sustainable rural development in Lao PDR. Following a number of predecessor programmes, the current Land Program (including Land Management and Decentralized Planning (LMDP) and Enhanced Land Tenure Security (ELTeS) projects) is active in the provinces of Luang Namtha, Sayabouri, Huaphan and Khammouane. This impact study focussed on some of the intermediary and longer-term changes that GIZ’s work in the land sector has been aiming to bring about in Laos.

Reports & Research
Diciembre 2017
Camboya

The paper focuses on how climate change mitigation policies and economic land and mining concessions in Prey Lang, Cambodia, accommodate and facilitate each other physically, discursively and economically.

Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre 2017
Camboya
Myanmar
Tailandia
Viet Nam

A discussion paper on civil society's participation in land policy-making, focused on the pre-consultation phase of Myanmar's National Land Use Policy. Written by Eben Forbes, with research assistance from Dr. Nu Nu Khin and
Yadana Than Htaik, and published by Land Core Group, Loka Ahlinn and Mekong Region Land Governance in February 2017.

Reports & Research
Diciembre 2017
Myanmar

This study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of the Parliamentary Land Investigation Commission reports that were released to the public. The aim is not just to analyze the information contained in the reports, but also to elicit information they do not reveal.