Commercial Pressure on Land

Land & Investments

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investments in agricultural land may be essential for achieving food security and promoting economic growth, but what are the potential costs and benefits for local landholders and the environment?

Investing in land, and in activities requiring land, occurs around the world. As a broad category, “land and investments” encompasses a wide range of scenarios: investments may be small or large in terms of the amount of money invested and scale of the land acquired. Investments may be undertaken for activities ranging from agriculture or forestry to infrastructure, extractive projects, renewable energy, or even tourism; and may involve a variety of actors, such as local smallholders, national governments, local investors, or foreign corporations, among others.

Given the breadth of what falls within investment in land and land-related activities, the concept of land investments is not inherently controversial. For example, the most significant source of agricultural investments tied to land in low- and middle-income countries comes from farmers themselves—not only by land investments, such as acquiring new land, but also by investments in agriculture, including in crops, improvements to the land they already hold, and new equipment or structures to make their land and activities more productive [1]. Such investments are indisputably important.  Yet the types, forms, and scale of investment deemed appropriate remain highly polarizing in many contexts, especially with respect to agricultural activities and land investments more generally. Large- and medium-scale land investments that require a transfer in rights to use land raise particularly difficult concerns, given their potential to negatively affect existing land users and local communities—leading in some cases to charges of “land grabbing.”

Strong land governance systems and secure land tenure (i.e. the certainty that landholders’ rights to the land will be recognized, protected, and enforceable if challenged by others) can support land users’ sustainable investments in land and agriculture, as well as their ability to make decisions regarding whether to retain or transfer their land rights in the context of incoming investors who seek to use their land. Weak or conflicting land governance systems and insecure tenure, on the other hand, may lead to less sustainable land use, or may create a greater likelihood that legitimate land rights are violated as other land investors move in. While various guidelines and principles explicitly address responsible investment in land and in agriculture, there are still challenges associated with ensuring that land investments respect land rights and human rights, are sensitive to gender and environmentally sustainable, and result in expected benefits rather than conflict. Governments and investors may find that such issues are even more difficult when they constitute “legacy issues” that must be addressed after investments have occurred or operations have been ongoing [2]. And although transparency around large land-based investments is slowly increasing, information regarding such investments often remains inaccessible to those affected and the general public, limiting understanding of their implications and impeding accountability.

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Multimedia

    Latest News

    18 Septiembre 2017
    América Latina y el Caribe
    Denuncian que seis empresas controlan el mercado de semillas
     
    La investigadora Silvia Ribeiro, una de las mayores investigadoras latinoamericanas, sostiene que Argentina y Brasil tienen el 21 por ciento del consumo de agrotóxicos. Seis multinacionales gigantes se reparten el mercado de semillas.
     
    20 Agosto 2017
    Nicaragua

    La marcha fue organizada en la comunidad Mina La India, a 174 kilómetros al norte de Managua, donde Condor Gold cuenta con 10 concesiones de exploración y explotación.

     

    Cientos de campesinos y ambientalistas marcharon hoy en Nicaragua para demostrar su rechazo a la compañía minera de origen británico Condor Gold, que tiene concesiones al noroeste del país.

    La marcha fue organizada en la comunidad Mina La India, a 174 kilómetros al norte de Managua, donde Condor Gold cuenta con 10 concesiones de exploración y explotación.

    4 Agosto 2017
    Nicaragua

    Banco Mundial advierte que la mala administración de las tierras en Nicaragua impide la llegada de inversión que ayudaría a superar los graves rezagos de productividad en el campo e industrias

     

    26 Julio 2017
    Nicaragua

    Los simulacros de consulta violan los derechos de las personas

    Realizamos casi 200 entrevistas a personas que nos contaron historias con un mensaje común: las autoridades están vendiendo su tierra sin consultar a la gente. La respuesta del Estado a estas denuncias es el silencio.

     

    Cientos de familias que viven a lo largo de la ruta del canal temen ser obligadas a abandonar sus hogares y perder sus tierras y sus medios de subsistencia.

    Latest Blogs

    América Latina y el Caribe
    Por Polette Rivero Villaverde (México)
     
    Las disputas por la tierra y el territorio forman parte de los conflictos más antiguos de la humanidad, y al mismo tiempo que ésta, han ido cambiando de tal manera que podemos identificar las formas y métodos de despojo predominantes, así como los sujetos antagónicos que protagonizan estas luchas en cada fase histórica.
    América Latina y el Caribe
    Por Polette Rivero Villaverde (México)
     
    Las disputas por la tierra y el territorio forman parte de los conflictos más antiguos de la humanidad, y al mismo tiempo que ésta, han ido cambiando de tal manera que podemos identificar las formas y métodos de despojo predominantes, así como los sujetos antagónicos que protagonizan estas luchas en cada fase histórica.
    Perú

    No es ninguna novedad que uno de los principales problemas históricos que tiene nuestro país sea la ocupación desordenada que hemos tenido sobre nuestro territorio. El Estado no ha podido hasta el momento diseñar una organización política y territorial clara que busque enfrentar la diversa problemática que se desprende como consecuencias de ese desorden.

    Colombia

    Por Javier Alexander Macías

    La ley de las Zonas de Interés y Desarrollo Económico, Zidres, con la que el presidente Juan Manuel Santos busca brindar desarrollo al campo, sobre todo en sectores inexplorados que servirían como despensa de alimentos, superó el último escollo al ser fallada positivamente por la Corte Constitucional.

    Latest Events

    27 Noviembre 2017 to 30 Noviembre 2017

    Ubicación

    Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
    Piauí
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

     

    Coordenador

    23 Agosto 2017 to 25 Agosto 2017

    Ubicación

    Curitiba, Brasil Curitiba
    Brasil
    BR
    América Latina y el Caribe
    Brasil
    Portugal
    España

    Nos dias 23,24 e 25 de agosto do presente ano, levar-se-á a cabo o TERCEIRO CONGRESSO IBEROAMERICANO DE SOLO URBANO na cidade de Curitiba, Brasil, com o tema “O solo na nova agenda urbana”, organizado de maneira conjunta pelo Colégio Mexiquence AC, a Universidade Federal do Paraná, a Universidade Pontifícia Católica do Paraná e a Universidade Positivo.

    7 Junio 2017 to 9 Junio 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
    13083-970 São Paulo
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



    O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

    Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    Debates

    Cerrado
    23 Enero 2017 to 24 Febrero 2017
    Facilitators
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    América Latina y el Caribe

    En América Latina y Caribe (ALC), millones de personas no tienen acceso a suelo adecuado para vivienda o viven sin seguridad de tenencia, con el temor constante de desalojos, reubicaciones injustificadas, y expulsiones sistemáticas por presiones del mercado. Los conflictos de suelo son elemento clave de la agenda de incidencia de los defensores del derecho humano a una vivienda adecuada.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1145
    Jurisprudence
    Octubre 2017
    Mozambique

    O presente relatório inscreve-se nas actividades desenvolvidas no âmbito do Projecto GCP/MOZ/069/NET, estabelecido entre a Organização das Nações Unidas para a Agricultura e a Alimentação (FAO) e o Governo da República de Moçambique, cujo objectivo geral é o de apoiar a implementação de três diplomas legais recentes e inovadores no ordenamento jurídico moçambicano: a Lei de Terras, a Lei do Ambiente e a Lei das Florestas e Fauna Bravia.
    Este objectivo geral desdobra-se em quatro objectivos específicos, assim escalonados:

    Men displaced from Shangil Tobaya farm rented land for the rainy season in Dali, close to Tawila in the Sudanese state of North Darfur. They are part of a community of displaced persons who have set up camp in Dali, fleeing the heavy fighting that took pl
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Octubre 2017
    África

    The Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND) Challenge Fund supports innovative partnerships between non-profit organisations and agricultural investors with the goal of encouraging responsible agricultural investment. The £3.65 million fund is a core component of DFID’s LEGEND programme.

    Reports & Research
    Octubre 2017
    Mozambique

    This report is a product of a partnership between Terra Firma and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), contributing to a study of changing land access in sub-Saharan Africa supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

    Journal Articles & Books
    Octubre 2017
    Mozambique

    Mozambique has a land governance system that allows for strong protection of community-based land rights, community consultation with respect to partnerships with investors, and also secure rights to land for investors. However, the implementation of legislation has been slow and the capacity among state actors is weak. Tensions exist between a government keen on promoting foreign investment and agro-industry and a rural population that is insufficiently aware of and not always able to exercise their legal rights.

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Septiembre 2017
    Malawi
    África

    This study uses data from the complete computerization of agricultural leases in Malawi, a georeferenced farm survey, and satellite imagery to document the opportunities and challenges of land-based investment in novel ways. Although 1.5 million hectares, or 25 percent, of Malawi's agricultural area is under agricultural estates, analysis shows that 70 percent has expired leases and 140,000 hectares are subject to overlapping claims.

    Urban Land Conflicts and Evictions in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Reports & Research
    Septiembre 2017
    América Latina y el Caribe

    The Latin American and Caribbean Urban CSO Cluster, part of the Global Land Tools Network (GTLN), together with Habitat for Humanity’s Solid Ground Campaign and the Land Portal Foundation, launched an online debate on Urban Land Conflicts in Latin America and the Caribbean in January 2017. Responding to the common interest to make information easy to access and flow to boost collaboration among stakeholders as a critical basis to improve land governance.