Indigenous & Community Land Rights

Secure community land rights are an essential condition for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to enjoy human rights, socio-economic development, and cultural protection.

With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

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Dataset (source)
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    Multimedia

    Latest News

    29 Marzo 2017
    Nicaragua

    Líderes de diferentes etnias de Nicaragua trabajan en una normativa que contribuya a detener la invasión de sus territorios ancestrales, una práctica que ya les ha costado más de 120.000 hectáreas y ha causado daños severos a los recursos naturales, además de la muerte de indígenas.

    "En cinco o diez años ya no habrá indígenas ni biodiversidad. Tenemos que verlo de una manera seria y responsable", dijo a Efe Murphy Almendárez, dirigente indígena del gobierno Nación Mayangna, que rige en unas tierras de 810.100 hectáreas de extensión.

    Latest Blogs

    Ecuador

    Por : Melissa Ramos Bayas y Adriana Baldeón Musetti

    En el Ecuador, la exigencia social por una nueva legislación sobre agua, tierras, territorios y comunas viene dada desde los primeros años del nuevo siglo, y está reflejada primariamente en la Constitución de la República de 2008. La Asamblea Constituyente logra institucionalizar la garantía de la soberanía alimentaria como objetivo estratégico, la obligación del Estado de “promover políticas redistributivas que permitan el acceso del campesinado a la tierra, el agua y otros recursos productivos” (Constituyente 2008, Art. 281).

    México

    Hoy los pueblos indígenas viven el mayor embate en su contra: sus montes y recursos naturales están en la mira de empresarios, locales y extranjeros, que cuentan con la anuencia de las autoridades mexicanas. La mayoría de las comunidades originarias padecen, además, miseria y discriminación. Pero también están construyendo formas de lucha efectivas para preservar su integridad como colectividades

    Por Guillermo Castillo (Contralínea)

    Américas

    Por Emilio Godoy/Inter Press Service

     

    Autoridades de todo el Continente se niegan a respetar el derecho de los pueblos indígenas a la consulta previa; por ello, pueblos originarios unen sus luchas. En Estados Unidos y México, pelean contra tres oleoductos privados que los despojarán de sus territorios sagrados

     

    Latest Events

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    1 Mayo 2017 to 31 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Online
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Global

    DESCRIPTION

    Rights to land and resources are at the center of our most pressing development issues: poverty reduction, food security, conflict, urbanization, gender equality, climate change, and resilience. Secure Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) create incentives for investment, broad-based economic growth, and good stewardship of natural resources. Insecure property rights and weak land governance systems often provoke conflict and instability, which can trap communities, countries, and entire regions in a cycle of poverty.

    7 Diciembre 2016 to 9 Diciembre 2016

    Ubicación

    Cape Town
    Sudáfrica
    ZA
    Global

    On December 7-9, 2016, a group of scholars will meet in Cape Town, South Africa to discuss compensation for expropriation. The objective of the Conference is to debate what is "fair" compensation and contribute to the development of a new protocol on fair compensation. True Price and Rethinking Expropriation Law launched a new input document in November 2016.

    Debates

    Debate Propiedad colectiva
    23 Octubre 2016 to 25 Noviembre 2016
    Cerrado
    Facilitators
    Alejandro Diez
    gonzalocolque
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero
    América Latina y el Caribe
    América del Sur
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Brasil
    Chile
    Colombia
    Guyana
    Perú
    Suriname
    Venezuela

    De manera general, la mayoría de las tierras rurales en el mundo han estado en manos de comunidades campesinas locales y pueblos indígenas bajo sistemas consuetudinarios de tenencia de tierras; aunque históricamente la propiedad agraria en zonas rurales, con los recursos naturales contenidos en ella, ha sido motivo de tensión entre diversos actores con formas diferentes de comprender y asumir la propiedad. En esta pugna de intereses, normalmente las comunidades campesinas e indígenas con formas colectivas de propiedad, han salido perdiendo.

    Partners

    Fundación Latinoamericana de Innovación Social logo

    Fundación Latinoamericana de Innovación Social

    FILAC logo

    El Fondo para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas de América Latina y El Caribe

    FILAC

    Unión Agroganadera de Álava-Arabako Nekazarien Elkartea

    Uaganet

    Imazon

    Imazon

    Derecho, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR)

    DAR

    Confederación de Nacionalidades Indígenas del Ecuador

    CONAIE

    Centro Andino de Acción Popular

    CAAP

    Centro de Investigación y Promoción del Campesinado

    CIPCA

    Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact

    AIPP

    Centre pour l'Environnement et le Développement Cameroun

    CED

    Instituto del Bien Común (IBC)

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 723
    Peer-reviewed publication
    Julio 2017

    Community-managed reserves (CMRs) comprise the fastest-growing category of protected areas throughout the tropics. CMRs represent a compromise between advocates of nature conservation and advocates of human development. We ask whether CMRs succeed in achieving the goals of either. A fixed reserve area can produce only a finite resource supply, whereas human populations exploiting them tend to expand rapidly while adopting high-impact technologies to satisfy rising aspirations. Intentions behind the establishment of CMRs may be admirable, but represent an ideal rarely achieved.

    Understanding changing land access and use by the rural poor in Ghana cover image
    Journal Articles & Books
    Mayo 2017

    In Ghana 70 per cent of the population are smallholder farmers who depend on the land for their basic needs. Growing competition for this resource is having significant impacts on rural livelihoods and governance as land changes hands. This study highlights the key drivers of pressure on rural land and their communities, such as population growth, urbanisation and acquisition of land by new actors, including government and business.

    Phillipines.jpg
    Reports & Research
    Mayo 2017

    Source: Farmlandgrab

    Veuillez trouver ci-joint une nouvelle publication intitulée “Accaparement de terres et droits humains: Le rôle des acteurs européens à l’étranger.” Ce document contient plusieurs examples de cas d’Afrique. En plus, il contient des recommandations de mesures à prendre par l’Union européenes et ses Etats membres pour arrêter et prévenir l’accaparement des terres et promouvoir les droits humains.

    Innovative Approach to Land Conflict Transformation: Lessons learned from the HAGL/indigenous communities’ mediation process in Ratanakiri, Cambodia Cover image
    Training Resources & Tools
    Mayo 2017

    In the Mekong region, conflicts between local communities and large scale land concessions are widespread. They are often difficult to solve. In Cambodia, an innovative approach to conflict resolution was tested in a case involving a private company, Hoang Anh Gia Lai (HAGL), and several indigenous communities who lost some of their customary lands and forests when the company obtained a concession to grow rubber in the Province of Ratanakiri. The approach was developed by CSOs Equitable Cambodia (EC) and Inclusive Development International (IDI) with the support of QDF funding from MRLG.