Indigenous & Community Land Rights

Secure community land rights are an essential condition for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to enjoy human rights, socio-economic development, and cultural protection.

With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

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    Multimedia

    Latest News

    13 Julio 2017
    Perú

    Avances en reconocimiento de derechos ancestrales permitirá consolidar acciones para evitar el incremento de la deforestación

     

    En su primer año de implementación de la iniciativa MDE Saweto Peru, las organizaciones indígenas que forman parte de este esfuerzo nacional han logrado que el Estado peruano reconozca e inscriba en los registros públicos a 124 comunidades nativas de las regiones Loreto, Ucayali y San Martín, beneficiándose a más de cinco mil familias.

    Latest Blogs

    Ecuador

    Por : Melissa Ramos Bayas y Adriana Baldeón Musetti

    En el Ecuador, la exigencia social por una nueva legislación sobre agua, tierras, territorios y comunas viene dada desde los primeros años del nuevo siglo, y está reflejada primariamente en la Constitución de la República de 2008. La Asamblea Constituyente logra institucionalizar la garantía de la soberanía alimentaria como objetivo estratégico, la obligación del Estado de “promover políticas redistributivas que permitan el acceso del campesinado a la tierra, el agua y otros recursos productivos” (Constituyente 2008, Art. 281).

    México

    Hoy los pueblos indígenas viven el mayor embate en su contra: sus montes y recursos naturales están en la mira de empresarios, locales y extranjeros, que cuentan con la anuencia de las autoridades mexicanas. La mayoría de las comunidades originarias padecen, además, miseria y discriminación. Pero también están construyendo formas de lucha efectivas para preservar su integridad como colectividades

    Por Guillermo Castillo (Contralínea)

    Latest Events

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    1 Mayo 2017 to 31 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Online
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Global

    DESCRIPTION

    Rights to land and resources are at the center of our most pressing development issues: poverty reduction, food security, conflict, urbanization, gender equality, climate change, and resilience. Secure Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) create incentives for investment, broad-based economic growth, and good stewardship of natural resources. Insecure property rights and weak land governance systems often provoke conflict and instability, which can trap communities, countries, and entire regions in a cycle of poverty.

    7 Diciembre 2016 to 9 Diciembre 2016

    Ubicación

    Cape Town
    Sudáfrica
    ZA
    Global

    On December 7-9, 2016, a group of scholars will meet in Cape Town, South Africa to discuss compensation for expropriation. The objective of the Conference is to debate what is "fair" compensation and contribute to the development of a new protocol on fair compensation. True Price and Rethinking Expropriation Law launched a new input document in November 2016.

    Debates

    Debate Propiedad colectiva
    23 Octubre 2016 to 25 Noviembre 2016
    Cerrado
    Facilitators
    Alejandro Diez
    gonzalocolque
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero
    América Latina y el Caribe
    América del Sur
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Brasil
    Chile
    Colombia
    Guyana
    Perú
    Suriname
    Venezuela

    De manera general, la mayoría de las tierras rurales en el mundo han estado en manos de comunidades campesinas locales y pueblos indígenas bajo sistemas consuetudinarios de tenencia de tierras; aunque históricamente la propiedad agraria en zonas rurales, con los recursos naturales contenidos en ella, ha sido motivo de tensión entre diversos actores con formas diferentes de comprender y asumir la propiedad. En esta pugna de intereses, normalmente las comunidades campesinas e indígenas con formas colectivas de propiedad, han salido perdiendo.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 943
    Moving from information dissemination to community participation in forest landscapes cover image
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Agosto 2017

    Traditionally, in the context of environment and natural resources management, many communication efforts have focused on the dissemination of technical information to end-users who were expected to adopt them. Development practitioners were trying to ‘push’ their products on communities in order to receive community commitment to their development initiatives.

    Assessment of land governance
    Journal Articles & Books
    Agosto 2017

    The purpose of the research is to assess the land governance system in preventing state land conflicts in Zambia. In order to obtain insights about the actual realities on the ground, based on a case study strategy (i.e. Lusaka District has a study area), the research examined the present status of state land governance system, and investigated the efficiency of the present state land governance system in preventing state land conflicts.

    LEGEND Land Policy Bulletin 8
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Agosto 2017

     

    The eighth issue of the LEGEND bulletin explores the relationship between agribusiness and land rights. It features articles on the power of local engagement for financial investment, using technology for mapping rights, and catalysing private sector respect for community land rights.

    The Land Policy Bulletins are produced by the Core Land Support Team (CLST) for DFID's programme on responsible invesment - Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development (LEGEND).

    Subscribe to the bulletin:

    Reports & Research
    Julio 2017

    Land is an important source of identity and a precious asset with significant emotional connection in India. It is also the main source of rural and feudal power structure for most of India’s history. Land is a symbol of social status, cultural identity and an expression of political power. The value of land is deeply ingrained in the consciousness and well-being of the poor farmers and indigenous communities who make up a substantial portion of India’s total population.

    Manuals & Guidelines
    Julio 2017

    A primer to guide rural communities in framing and devising collective action and engagement strategies to strengthen their tenure of land, fisheries and forests is released today.

    Training Resources & Tools
    Julio 2017

    Uttaran began work on the Sustainable Access to Land Equality (SALE) project to ensure transparency and accountability in land governance in December 2012. The project engaged communities in three pilot upazilas - to raise the awareness of vulnerable landowners about land administration, and to effect transparent processes for selecting landless people and for state land settlement.