Indigenous & Community Land Rights

Secure community land rights are an essential condition for Indigenous Peoples and local communities to enjoy human rights, socio-economic development, and cultural protection.

With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Multimedia

    Latest News

    25 Septiembre 2017
    Paraguay

    En un reciente encuentro realizado en Paraguay, representantes de la Articulación Ecuménica Latinoamericana de Pastoral Indígena (AELAPI) redactaron una nota dirigida a los miembros del Congreso de la Nación, solicitando se escuche el reclamo de los Pueblos Originarios en relación a la ley cuya vigencia vence en noviembre. “

     

    4 Octubre 2017
    América Latina y el Caribe

    Asamblea Regional de Miembros de la Coalición Internacional para el Acceso a la Tierra -América Latina y el Caribe.

    Foro de la Tierra ALC “La gobernanza incluyente de la tierra y los territorios ante el cambio climático: el rol central de la sociedad civil organizada”

    25 – 28 de septiembre de 2017

    Latest Blogs

    Guatemala

    Por:Itzamná Ollantay

    Los días 30 y 31 de agosto, del presente año, defensores y comunicadores indígenas y campesinos, provenientes de 14 pueblos mayas, Xinca y Mestizo, asentados en 122 comunidades, distribuidos en 17 departamentos del país, se autoconvocaron en el Encuentro Nacional de Defensor@s y Comunicador@s Comunitarios, realizado en el Cantón San Miguelito, Municipio Santo Domingo, Departamento de Suchitepéquez.

    Ecuador

    Por : Melissa Ramos Bayas y Adriana Baldeón Musetti

    En el Ecuador, la exigencia social por una nueva legislación sobre agua, tierras, territorios y comunas viene dada desde los primeros años del nuevo siglo, y está reflejada primariamente en la Constitución de la República de 2008. La Asamblea Constituyente logra institucionalizar la garantía de la soberanía alimentaria como objetivo estratégico, la obligación del Estado de “promover políticas redistributivas que permitan el acceso del campesinado a la tierra, el agua y otros recursos productivos” (Constituyente 2008, Art. 281).

    Latest Events

    11 Octubre 2017 to 14 Octubre 2017

    Ubicación

    Viana do Castelo
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Portugal

    Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Federal de Lavras
    Av. Doutor Sylvio Menicucci, 1001 - Kennedy, Lavras - MG,
    37200-000 Brasil Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    O ano de 2015 foi considerado pela ONU como Ano Internacional dos Solos. Por este nobre motivo e pelo aprimoramento do conhecimento das necessidades de nossos solos, alunos de graduação, pós-graduação e professores do Departamento de Ciência do Solo (DCS) da Universidade Federal de Lavras iniciaram e se prontificaram para a organização do “I Simpósio de Ciência do Solo: Funcionalidades e uso responsável dos recursos do solo” nesta universidade, que se realizou entre os dias 30 de novembro a 4 de dezembro de 2015.

    1 Mayo 2017 to 31 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Online
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Global

    DESCRIPTION

    Rights to land and resources are at the center of our most pressing development issues: poverty reduction, food security, conflict, urbanization, gender equality, climate change, and resilience. Secure Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR) create incentives for investment, broad-based economic growth, and good stewardship of natural resources. Insecure property rights and weak land governance systems often provoke conflict and instability, which can trap communities, countries, and entire regions in a cycle of poverty.

    Debates

    Debate Propiedad colectiva
    Cerrado
    23 Octubre 2016 to 25 Noviembre 2016
    Facilitators
    Alejandro Diez
    gonzalocolque
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero
    América Latina y el Caribe
    América del Sur
    Argentina
    Bolivia
    Brasil
    Chile
    Colombia
    Guyana
    Perú
    Suriname
    Venezuela

    De manera general, la mayoría de las tierras rurales en el mundo han estado en manos de comunidades campesinas locales y pueblos indígenas bajo sistemas consuetudinarios de tenencia de tierras; aunque históricamente la propiedad agraria en zonas rurales, con los recursos naturales contenidos en ella, ha sido motivo de tensión entre diversos actores con formas diferentes de comprender y asumir la propiedad. En esta pugna de intereses, normalmente las comunidades campesinas e indígenas con formas colectivas de propiedad, han salido perdiendo.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1248
    Reports & Research
    Octubre 2017
    Mozambique

    Este trabalho tem como objectivo identificar as realizações e constrangimentos das famílias dentro dos processos de desenvolvimento rural. As comunidades estudadas em Pebane apresentam limitações semelhantes nas principais actividades realizadas pelas famílias locais, fundamentalmente caracterizadas pela produção agrícola e pesqueira de espécies de baixo rendimento, insuficiência de insumos, falta de capital financeiro para investir e baixo nível tecnológico.

    Manuals & Guidelines
    Octubre 2017
    Sudáfrica

    Municipal commonage, used as a common resource for communities, poses a unique opportunity for rural development and land and agrarian reform. The law says that municipal commonage must be used to contribute towards land reform. It must be made available for agricultural purposes to those who were previously excluded from accessing commonages.

    Poor town residents who want to engage in agricultural activities must therefore organise to demand access to municipal commonage. This booklet will help you to understand the law, access commonage and use commonage. 

    Reports & Research
    Octubre 2017
    Mozambique

    This report is a product of a partnership between Terra Firma and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), contributing to a study of changing land access in sub-Saharan Africa supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

    Reports & Research
    Octubre 2017
    Mozambique

    Este relatório considera um dos aspectos práticos mais importantes da participação
    local na Lei de Terras e outra legislação sobre recursos naturais: a consulta
    comunitária, através da qual os estranhos – o Estado, novos investidores, empresas
    madeireiras, grupos de hotéis – obtêm acesso à terra e recursos locais com a

    Reports & Research
    Septiembre 2017
    Burkina Faso

    The development of irrigation is one of the priority strategies in the Sahel countries to tackle poverty and food insecurity. At a time when governments are once again committing to increase irrigable areas, it seemed relevant to analyze, in line with the ECOWAS guidelines, the results achieved in large irrigated schemes developed in the 1980s and 1990s to draw lessons for future developments.

    Land of Sorrow: Human rights violations at Myanmar’s Myotha Industrial Park cover image
    Reports & Research
    Septiembre 2017
    Myanmar

    (Paris, Yangon) Myanmar may soon face a land conflict epidemic as a result of the growing influx of investments and the consequent demand for land, unless laws and policies that adequately address land rights issues are urgently adopted and implemented, FIDH warned in a new report published today.