With secure land tenure, Indigenous Peoples and local communities can realize human rights, achieve economic growth, protect the environment, and maintain cultural integrity.

For centuries, Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLCs) have used, managed and depended on collectively-held land for food supplies, cultural and spiritual traditions, and other livelihood needs. Historically governed through customary tenure systems rooted in community norms and practices that often go back centuries, governments often consider such community land as vacant, idle, or state-owned property.  Statutory recognition and protection of indigenous and community land rights continues to be a major challenge [1].

The gap between formally recognized and customarily held and managed land is a significant source of underdevelopment, conflict, and environmental degradation [2]. Strong rights to land are vital for Indigenous Peoples and local communities. When community land rights are weak, such areas are vulnerable to land grabbing, expropriation without compensation, and encroachment by outsiders [3]. Without secure tenure rights [4], meaning rights that are enforceable and recognized by governments and others, communities face increased risk of poverty, poor health, and human rights abuse. Securing community tenure rights is not only crucial from a human rights and socio-economic development perspective, it is also necessary to mitigate climate change, foster sustainable development, and promote peacebuilding across the globe [5].

 

 

Indicators

The average score for the ten indicators of the legal security of community lands is also provided.

Measurement unit
Index (1; 4)

The average score for the ten indicators of the legal security of indigenous People lands is also provided.

Measurement unit
Index (1; 4)

Customary tenure rights are (i) recognized and (ii) protected in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

This indicator asks whether national laws adopt VGGT principle 16.1 by providing compensation for formally recognized tenure rights held by Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Section 16.

Measurement unit
Index (A; C)

Forest land designated by governments for Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Ownership of forest land under this category remains claimed by the state but some rights have been recognized by

Measurement unit
Million ha

Forest land owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Forests are considered to be “owned” where communities have full legal rights to secure their claims to forests, defined in RRI’s rese

Measurement unit
Million ha

Indigenous rights to land & forest are (i) recognized and (ii) protected in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Estimate of the percent of total Indigenous and Community Lands - independent of recognition status - as a percentage of the country's total land area

Measurement unit
Percentage

Mapping

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Estimate of the percent of total Indigenous and Community Lands - not formally recognised by the State - as a percentage of the country's total land area.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Ranking

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Estimate of the percent of total Indigenous and Community Lands - independent of recognition status - as a percentage of the country's total land area

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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11 Diciembre 2017
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En lo que va de este siglo, entre 2001 y 2015, la Amazonía del Perú ha sufrido la deforestación de más de 1 millón 800.000 hectáreas de bosques. La cifra, en un panorama de pérdidas en tendencia creciente y crítica para el medio ambiente, equivale a 2 millones 470.000 estadios de fútbol.

7 Diciembre 2017
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¿Desarrollo e inversiones con respeto a derechos humanos y medio ambiente en América Latina? Para defensores de Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua, reunidos en Bruselas, un sueño lejano. ¿Por qué?

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7 Diciembre 2017
Brasil

Los indígenas de Brasil protestan para que se respete su derecho de demarcación de tierras, violentados por el actual Gobierno de facto de Michel Temer. 

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El pasado julio, el presidente de facto, Michel Temer, firmó un decreto de la Procuraduría General de la Unión (AGU, sigla en portugués) para obligar a fijar el Marco Temporal para la demarcación de las Tierras Indígenas (TI) en todos los organismos del Ejecutivo Federal.

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La sexta avenida, entre quinta y cuarta calles está prácticamente tomada por campesinos, hombres y mujeres que se trasladaron a vivir ahí –frente a Casa Presidencial– porque fueron expulsados violentamente de comunidades en donde vivían, y según lo dicen, están dispuestos a continuar resistiendo hasta tanto el gobierno no les dé una respuesta clara y concreta a sus peticiones que tiene relación con la restitución de las tierras que históricamente les pertenecen.

Guatemala

Por:Itzamná Ollantay

Los días 30 y 31 de agosto, del presente año, defensores y comunicadores indígenas y campesinos, provenientes de 14 pueblos mayas, Xinca y Mestizo, asentados en 122 comunidades, distribuidos en 17 departamentos del país, se autoconvocaron en el Encuentro Nacional de Defensor@s y Comunicador@s Comunitarios, realizado en el Cantón San Miguelito, Municipio Santo Domingo, Departamento de Suchitepéquez.

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7 Diciembre 2017 to 8 Diciembre 2017

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Academiegebouw
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20005 Washington , District Of Columbia
Estados Unidos
District Of Columbia US
Global
In developing countries, it is almost impossible to determine fair values for rural land. That’s because traditional valuation approaches – like the comparable sales method – don’t work in thin markets, and don’t take into account environmental, social, and cultural value that communities place on their land.
 
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Ahead of the UNFCCC COP23 in Bonn, the Donor Platform is pleased to invite you to a webinar to learn and discuss about a recent Oxfam report on finance to women farmers. The report looks at whether and to what extent women are obtaining adequate support for farming and adapting to climate change. Oxfam conducted research on government and donor investments in Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

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Estados Unidos
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Debates

Debate Propiedad colectiva
Cerrado
23 Octubre 2016 to 25 Noviembre 2016
Facilitators
Alejandro Diez
gonzalocolque
Sergio Coronado
Juan Pablo Chumacero
América Latina y el Caribe
América del Sur
Argentina
Bolivia
Brasil
Chile
Colombia
Guyana
Perú
Suriname
Venezuela

De manera general, la mayoría de las tierras rurales en el mundo han estado en manos de comunidades campesinas locales y pueblos indígenas bajo sistemas consuetudinarios de tenencia de tierras; aunque históricamente la propiedad agraria en zonas rurales, con los recursos naturales contenidos en ella, ha sido motivo de tensión entre diversos actores con formas diferentes de comprender y asumir la propiedad. En esta pugna de intereses, normalmente las comunidades campesinas e indígenas con formas colectivas de propiedad, han salido perdiendo.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 1709
Institutional & promotional materials
Diciembre 2017
Camboya
Myanmar
Tailandia
Viet Nam

Summary report of Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG)'s online dialogue on 'Recognition of Customary Tenure in the Mekong Region' held in 2017, containing justification for the dialogue, key take-aways, next steps and recommended resources, published by MRLG in 2017.

Conference Papers & Reports
Diciembre 2017
Camboya
Myanmar
Viet Nam

The Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project and the Forestry Department of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC) co-hosted the “Mekong Region Customary Tenure Workshop” on 7-9 March 2017 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. This report outlines the main findings of the workshop, illustrated by some statements and case studies as presented by participants.

Journal Articles & Books
Diciembre 2017
Myanmar

Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG)'s first edition guidebook to customary tenure in Myanmar provides conceptual, legal and practical tools and resources to help civil society organizations guide communities through the process of documenting customary tenure at the local level. Written by Celine Allaverdian, Julia Fogerite, Natalia Scurrah, Si Thu Than Htike in cooperation with the Learning and Alliance partners, including Farmers and Landworkers

Reports & Research
Noviembre 2017
Global
India

This publication is based on a range of past studies on ICCAs conducted in several regions of the world in the last two decades, and, most recently, on 19 country level case studies. The latter were commissioned as part of a project on ICCA Recognition and Support, undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, coordinated by Kalpavriksh.

It also incorporates some key findings of a parallel project on ICCA Legislation, also undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, and coordinated by Natural Justice.

The publication intends to:

The Partnership for Action Conference: Summary of Conference Outcomes cover image
Conference Papers & Reports
Noviembre 2017
África
África subsahariana

 

Reports & Research
Noviembre 2017
Sudáfrica

The Ingonyama Trust headed by Zulu King Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu should be dissolved and the law that established it on the eve of South Africa’s liberation in 1994 should be repealed. This Act has effectively converted informal rural ownership rights to leasehold. Just days after the report was released, the Ingonyama Trust ramped up its campaign to persuade rural citizens to surrender their informal land rights to the Trust and to accept 40-year leases that could be cancelled for non-payment or other violations of the contract.