Forest Tenure

Responsible forest governance and secure forest rights are needed to reduce deforestation, combat climate change, and sustain the planet.

Responsible forest governance and forest tenure security are crucial in helping to reduce deforestation, combat climate change, and sustain the planet.

Forests are sources of multiple products and services of importance to a wide array of stakeholders, from local communities to urban citizens. In addition to contributing to human wellbeing and livelihoods, forests are important for people’s spiritual and cultural traditions. For many of the world’s poor, land and forests are important economic, social and cultural assets. In large parts of the world, however, local people’s use and ownership rights to resources are insecure, which undermines not only their livelihoods and sustainable resource management but also many development outcomes, such as biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, improved food security and climate change mitigation.

Forest tenure and property rights determine who owns and manages forest resources. Forest tenure often is very complex, as there is an array of stakeholders with different interests to forests, such as the national and local state officials, the local users, local communities and Indigenous Peoples and seasonal users. Part of this complexity can be traced back to the colonial times, when many natural resources were taken over by the state while the rights of local resource users were unrecognized.  State control and management of land and forests persists in many areas today, yet these resources are claimed and managed by indigenous and local communities who base their tenure claims on community-based, customary rights that are commonly unacknowledged by states. Overlapping tenure rights often result from the co-existence of competing laws that emanate from the state and from communities.   The presence of multiple groups with overlapping and simultaneous tenure claims contributes to resource conflicts. In many countries, conflicts related to tenure and property rights are so grave that they result in social conflicts and violence, as well as environmental destruction.  

 

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights (Courtesy of CAPRi)

 

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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    Multimedia

    Latest News

    18 Enero 2017
    México

    CIUDAD DE MÉXICO — Isidro Baldenegro López, un activista indígena dedicado a la lucha por la preservación de los bosques de pino y roble de la Sierra Madre de México, fue asesinado el pasado fin de semana, dijeron el miércoles las autoridades mexicanas.

    27 Enero 2017
    América del Sur

    Eva Vergara/AP

     Detrás de los restos calcinados de lo que fuera la casa de Tarcila Becerra los caballos gimen por sus quemaduras, hay corderos con patas quebradas por tratar de huir de las llamas y en el suelo no queda ni una brizna de pasto para alimentar a las pocas gallinas que sobrevivieron.

    Las llamas que bajaron por los cerros arrasaron con su ganado y pertenencias en el mayor desastre forestal de la historia de Chile.

    19 Enero 2017
    América Latina y el Caribe

    Las corporaciones de agronegocios más grandes del mundo implementan programas de asociación público-privada para aumentar su control de los alimentos y la agricultura en el Sur Global.

    Latest Blogs

    Perú

    Por Milton López

     

    Este año el Perú está lejos de ganarle la batalla a la deforestación. El Proyecto de Monitoreo de la Amazonía Andina (MAAP por su sigla en inglés) calculó, con la ayuda de imágenes satelitales y de las alertas tempranas GLAD, que se han perdido 15,000 hectáreas de bosques desde enero hasta julio de 2017.

    Latest Events

    11 Octubre 2017 to 14 Octubre 2017

    Ubicación

    Viana do Castelo
    Estados Unidos
    US
    Portugal

    Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.

    7 Junio 2017 to 9 Junio 2017

    Ubicación

    Universidade Estadual de Campinas
    Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
    13083-970 São Paulo
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



    O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

    Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

    9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

    Ubicación

    Centro Brasileiro para Conservação da Natureza e Desenvolvimento Sustentável
    Rua Christovam Lopes de Carvalho nº27, Sala 801
    Viçosa, Minas Gerais
    Brasil
    BR
    Brasil

    Com intuito de promover conhecimentos e experiência desenvolvidas na recuperação e degradação ambiental nos diversos biomas brasileiros, o evento pretende contribuir com a difícil tarefa de restauração desses biomas.

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 2380
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Diciembre 2017
    Indonesia
    Asia oriental
    Oceanía

    Since the early 1990s, the industrial timber plantation (Hutan Tanaman Industri - HTI) scheme has been intended to serve as a major source of timber to meet domestic and export demand. The need to meet a large gap between legal wood supply and demand for forests products has been the recent years as high as 50 million

    Reports & Research
    Septiembre 2017
    Mozambique

    Mozambique is Africa’s largest exporter of timber to China. Yet multiple published concerns over the sustainability and legality of that timber trade assert the rapid commercial depletion of future timber stocks, the marginalisation of local forest communities, and the loss of revenue to government estimated at US$146 million between 2007 and 2013 alone.

    Moving from information dissemination to community participation in forest landscapes cover image
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    Agosto 2017
    Asia

    Traditionally, in the context of environment and natural resources management, many communication efforts have focused on the dissemination of technical information to end-users who were expected to adopt them. Development practitioners were trying to ‘push’ their products on communities in order to receive community commitment to their development initiatives.

    Peer-reviewed publication
    Julio 2017
    Laos

    Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) has been experiencing significant forest depletion since the 1980s, but there is little evidence to demonstrate the major causes and underlying drivers for the forest cover changes. In this study, we investigated the relationship between forest cover decrease and increase in the south of Lao PDR between 2006 and 2012 and selected physical and socio-economic factors.

    Peer-reviewed publication
    Julio 2017

    Community-managed reserves (CMRs) comprise the fastest-growing category of protected areas throughout the tropics. CMRs represent a compromise between advocates of nature conservation and advocates of human development. We ask whether CMRs succeed in achieving the goals of either. A fixed reserve area can produce only a finite resource supply, whereas human populations exploiting them tend to expand rapidly while adopting high-impact technologies to satisfy rising aspirations. Intentions behind the establishment of CMRs may be admirable, but represent an ideal rarely achieved.