Responsible forest governance and forest tenure security are crucial in helping to reduce deforestation, combat climate change, and sustain the planet.

Forests are sources of multiple products and services of importance to a wide array of stakeholders, from local communities to urban citizens. In addition to contributing to human wellbeing and livelihoods, forests are important for people’s spiritual and cultural traditions. For many of the world’s poor, land and forests are important economic, social and cultural assets. In large parts of the world, however, local people’s use and ownership rights to resources are insecure, which undermines not only their livelihoods and sustainable resource management but also many development outcomes, such as biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, improved food security and climate change mitigation.

Forest tenure and property rights determine who owns and manages forest resources. Forest tenure often is very complex, as there is an array of stakeholders with different interests to forests, such as the national and local state officials, the local users, local communities and Indigenous Peoples and seasonal users. Part of this complexity can be traced back to the colonial times, when many natural resources were taken over by the state while the rights of local resource users were unrecognized.  State control and management of land and forests persists in many areas today, yet these resources are claimed and managed by indigenous and local communities who base their tenure claims on community-based, customary rights that are commonly unacknowledged by states. Overlapping tenure rights often result from the co-existence of competing laws that emanate from the state and from communities.   The presence of multiple groups with overlapping and simultaneous tenure claims contributes to resource conflicts. In many countries, conflicts related to tenure and property rights are so grave that they result in social conflicts and violence, as well as environmental destruction.  

 

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights

A stylized presentation of the bundles of rights (Courtesy of CAPRi)

 

Indicators

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Forest land administered by governments: This category includes all forest land that is legally claimed as exclusively belonging to the state.

Measurement unit
Million ha

Forest land designated by governments for Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Ownership of forest land under this category remains claimed by the state but some rights have been recognized by

Measurement unit
Million ha

Forest land owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities: Forests are considered to be “owned” where communities have full legal rights to secure their claims to forests, defined in RRI’s rese

Measurement unit
Million ha

Forest land owned by individuals and firms: In these areas, individuals and firms have full legal rights of ownership of forest land. Concessionaires are not included in this category.

Measurement unit
Million ha

Indigenous rights to land & forest are (i) recognized and (ii) protected in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

Share (%) of Forest Land with respect to the Total Land Area.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total Area (ha) for forestry deals in a gven country over the period 2000-2015.

Measurement unit
Ha

Mapping

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It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Ranking

    Loading ranking chart

Total Area (ha) for forestry deals in a gven country over the period 2000-2015.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Multimedia

Latest News

11 Diciembre 2017
Perú

En lo que va de este siglo, entre 2001 y 2015, la Amazonía del Perú ha sufrido la deforestación de más de 1 millón 800.000 hectáreas de bosques. La cifra, en un panorama de pérdidas en tendencia creciente y crítica para el medio ambiente, equivale a 2 millones 470.000 estadios de fútbol.

18 Enero 2017
México

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO — Isidro Baldenegro López, un activista indígena dedicado a la lucha por la preservación de los bosques de pino y roble de la Sierra Madre de México, fue asesinado el pasado fin de semana, dijeron el miércoles las autoridades mexicanas.

27 Enero 2017
América del Sur

Eva Vergara/AP

 Detrás de los restos calcinados de lo que fuera la casa de Tarcila Becerra los caballos gimen por sus quemaduras, hay corderos con patas quebradas por tratar de huir de las llamas y en el suelo no queda ni una brizna de pasto para alimentar a las pocas gallinas que sobrevivieron.

Las llamas que bajaron por los cerros arrasaron con su ganado y pertenencias en el mayor desastre forestal de la historia de Chile.

Latest Blogs

Perú

Por Milton López

 

Este año el Perú está lejos de ganarle la batalla a la deforestación. El Proyecto de Monitoreo de la Amazonía Andina (MAAP por su sigla en inglés) calculó, con la ayuda de imágenes satelitales y de las alertas tempranas GLAD, que se han perdido 15,000 hectáreas de bosques desde enero hasta julio de 2017.

Latest Events

11 Octubre 2017 to 14 Octubre 2017

Ubicación

Viana do Castelo
Estados Unidos
US
Portugal

Desde a sua fundação, em 1984, a Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Florestais tem vindo a desenvolver diversas actividades no sentido de fomentar o estudo e progresso da ciência e da técnica florestal entre as quais se destaca a organização dos Congressos Florestais Nacionais.

7 Junio 2017 to 9 Junio 2017

Ubicación

Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz - Barão Geraldo, Campinas - SP, Brasil
13083-970 São Paulo
Brasil
BR
Brasil

O tema para 2017 será a Regularização Fundiária



O Grupo de Trabalho em Governança de Terras tem a honra de apresentar a III edição do seminário que esse ano o tema principal será Regularização Fundiária. A data programada para o evento é: 07, 08 e 09 de junho de 2017.

Para ver a programação e mais informações clique aqui.

9 Mayo 2017 to 12 Mayo 2017

Ubicación

Centro Brasileiro para Conservação da Natureza e Desenvolvimento Sustentável
Rua Christovam Lopes de Carvalho nº27, Sala 801
Viçosa, Minas Gerais
Brasil
BR
Brasil

Com intuito de promover conhecimentos e experiência desenvolvidas na recuperação e degradação ambiental nos diversos biomas brasileiros, o evento pretende contribuir com a difícil tarefa de restauração desses biomas.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 3241
Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Diciembre 2017
Indonesia
Asia oriental
Oceanía

Since the early 1990s, the industrial timber plantation (Hutan Tanaman Industri - HTI) scheme has been intended to serve as a major source of timber to meet domestic and export demand. The need to meet a large gap between legal wood supply and demand for forests products has been the recent years as high as 50 million

Conference Papers & Reports
Diciembre 2017
Camboya
Myanmar
Viet Nam

The Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project and the Forestry Department of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC) co-hosted the “Mekong Region Customary Tenure Workshop” on 7-9 March 2017 in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar. This report outlines the main findings of the workshop, illustrated by some statements and case studies as presented by participants.

Reports & Research
Noviembre 2017
Global
India

This publication is based on a range of past studies on ICCAs conducted in several regions of the world in the last two decades, and, most recently, on 19 country level case studies. The latter were commissioned as part of a project on ICCA Recognition and Support, undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, coordinated by Kalpavriksh.

It also incorporates some key findings of a parallel project on ICCA Legislation, also undertaken by the ICCA Consortium, and coordinated by Natural Justice.

The publication intends to:

Reports & Research
Septiembre 2017
Mozambique

Mozambique is Africa’s largest exporter of timber to China. Yet multiple published concerns over the sustainability and legality of that timber trade assert the rapid commercial depletion of future timber stocks, the marginalisation of local forest communities, and the loss of revenue to government estimated at US$146 million between 2007 and 2013 alone.

Moving from information dissemination to community participation in forest landscapes cover image
Reports & Research
Policy Papers & Briefs
Agosto 2017
Asia

Traditionally, in the context of environment and natural resources management, many communication efforts have focused on the dissemination of technical information to end-users who were expected to adopt them. Development practitioners were trying to ‘push’ their products on communities in order to receive community commitment to their development initiatives.