Paraguay

PRY

Paraguay

En el Paraguay el problema de la tierra sigue siendo un aspecto determinante de las condiciones de vida de la mayor parte de la población. La estructura de tenencia de la tierra actual, caracterizada por una enorme concentración de la misma en un pequeño grupo de propietarios, es fruto de un largo y conflictivo proceso histórico que ha significado el despojo y el desarraigo de miles de hombres y mujeres del campo, al tiempo de que otros han logrado permanecer en sus comunidades, mediante enormes sacrificios y una admirable fuerza de voluntad.

Los factores que han permitido el desarrollo de esta compleja e injusta situación en torno a la tenencia de la tierra son múltiples. Uno de ellos es la legislación referente a la propiedad de la tierra y al acceso a la misma por parte de la población campesina e indígena. No obstante es importante mencionar que la legislación vigente tiene aspectos positivos y negativos para posibilitar el acceso a la tierra. Lo que agrava la situación de la población rural es el modo en que esas leyes son aplicadas en la práctica por los organismos competentes, que en ciertos aspectos son rigurosamente cumplidos mientras en otros la ley no pasa de los papeles, siendo incumplidos sistemáticamente en perjuicio de campesinos e indígenas.

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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    Latest News

    29 Marzo 2017

     

     

    Unos 6.000 trabajadores rurales marcharon el miércoles hasta la plaza ubicada frente al Congreso de Paraguay para reclamar la entrega de tierras destinadas a promover los cultivos y contrarrestar el ingreso masivo de alimentos extranjeros.

    "La tierra no es para mí sino para mis hijos que también tienen derecho a luchar contra la pobreza", dijo en guaraní a The Associated Press Agustín Cañete, un campesino de 69 años, mientras sorbía un refresco de agua fría con yerba mate y marchaba en apoyo al pedido de tierras de la Federación Nacional Campesina.

    27 Marzo 2017

    Mañana y el miércoles realizan su XXIV marcha anual en distintas capitales departamentales y Asunción.

    Asunción, 27 de marzo de 2017 (BASE IS). Desde su nacimiento en 1991 la Federación Nacional Campesina (FNC) de Paraguay conquistó más de 40 asentamientos, que sumarían cerca de 300 mil hectáreas, explicó su secretaria general, Teodolina Villalba.

    9 Marzo 2017



    Un grupo de alrededor de cien mujeres provenientes del interior del país se manifestaron esta mañana frente al Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería (MAG), en el marco del Día Internacional de la Mujer Trabajadora.

    El pedido principal fue contar con una Ley de Promoción de la Agricultura Familiar Campesina.

    En los últimos años, la agricultura familiar se ha reducido notablemente, y cada vez es más difícil la venta de los productos, manifestó Florencia Perales, una de las manifestantes.

    7 Marzo 2017

    Asunción, 23 de febrero de 2017 (BASE-IS) El estudio fue elaborado por el investigador Abel Areco, quien identificó y analizó un total de siete iniciativas comunitarias que através de ordenanzas intentan promocionar la agricultura campesina y frenar el avance de los agronegocios.

    Entre 2004 y 2016 cinco de ellas fueron aprobadas, una fue rechazada por las autoridades municipales y otra sigue en estudio, explicó Areco, abogado especialista en el ámbito agrario.

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    Regulations
    Marzo 2014

    This Governmental Decree establishes that the scope of land cadastre shall be to provide state bodies of all levels, natural and legal persons with the informationrelated to land areas and land quality located within the boundaries of urban areas, local government, districts and at the national level.

    Regulations
    Agosto 2008

    These Regulations implement provisions of the Mines and Minerals Development Act, 2008 with respect to a wide variety of matters such as: organization of mining cadastre offices; application for, or grant or renewal of a mining right or a mineral processing licence; transfer of a mining right or a mineral processing licence; permission for the abandonment of a mining area; alteration of or prospecting in a mining area; various matters relating to survey, mapping and certification.The central mining cadastre office in Lusaka shall administer mining rights and mineral processing licences.

    Legislation
    Mayo 2006

    This Act establishes the Zambia Development Agency and the Trade and Industrial Development Fund and makes provision in general for economic development in Zambia. In certain cases, development requires a licence, permit or certificate of registration of the Board of the Agency.

    Legislation
    Octubre 1999

    Point 26 of the paragraph 1 of the Article 9 is supplemented with the expression "land survey/mapping practices". Point 45 of the paragraph 1 of the Article 9 acquires a new wording. It reads as follows "formal acceptance, storage and processing of cereals and the by-products of their processing at grain-elevators". Paragraph 1 of the Article 12 is supplemented with the following sentence: "Export and import of some commodities (produce and service) are subject to obligatory licensing".

    Amends: Law No. 2200 (1995-04-17)

    Legislation
    Abril 1995

    This Law consists of 5 Chapters that contain 26 articles. Chapter 1 lays down the general provisions. Chapter 2 lists the types of activity that are subject to obligatory licensing. Chapter 3 determines licensing for export and import of commodities (produce service). Chapter 4establishes the modalities of issuing licences. Chapter 5 establishes liability for the infringement of the legislation currently in force on licensing.

    Legislation
    Mayo 1989

    The aim of the Act is to provide a uniform intestate succession Law applying throughout the country; to make adequate financial and other provisions for the surviving spouse, children, dependants and other relatives of an intestate; to provide for the administration of the estates of persons dying not having made a will; and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to the foregoing.