Legislation & Policies

Date of publication
August 2016
Geographical focus

APRESENTAÇÃO
Este livro da Série Legislação, da Edições Câmara, traz o texto atualizado das normas que dispõem sobre o índio no Brasil: dispositivos constitucionais, atos internacionais, leis e decretos. Ao final, apresenta uma lista de outras normas também relacionadas ao tema.
Com a publicação da legislação federal brasileira em vigor, a Câmara dos Deputados vai além da função de criar normas: colabora também para o seu efetivo cumprimento ao torná-las conhecidas e acessíveis a toda a população.
Os textos legais compilados nesta edição são resultado do trabalho dos parlamentares, que representam a diversidade do povo brasileiro. Da apresentação até a aprovação de um projeto de lei, há um extenso caminho de consultas, estudos e debates com os variados segmentos sociais. Após criadas, as leis fornecem um arcabouço jurídico que permite a boa convivência em sociedade.
A Câmara dos Deputados disponibiliza suas publicações no site da Edições Câmara (camara.leg.br/editora) e na Biblioteca Digital (bd.camara.leg.br/bd/).
Alguns títulos também são produzidos em formato audiolivro e EPUB. O objetivo é democratizar o acesso a informação e estimular o pleno exercício da cidadania.
Dessa forma, a Câmara dos Deputados contribui para levar informação sobre direitos e deveres aos principais interessados no assunto: os cidadãos.
Deputado Eduardo Cunha
Presidente da Câmara dos Deputados

Date of publication
January 2010
Geographical focus

Citywide Strategic Planning articulates the necessary ingredients for initiating and implementing a planning process that focuses on a set of strategic issues of principal importance for sustainable urban development. The guide presents the citywide strategic planning rationale and approach. Three main questions are addressed – where are we today? - where do we want to be? -how do we get there?

Date of publication
November 2014
Geographical focus

Manual popular para a promoção, o monitoramento, a aplicação e avaliação das diretrizes voluntárias sobre a governança responsável da propriedade da terra, da pesca e das florestas, no contexto da segurança alimentar nacional.

A presente publicação visa promover a implementação das Diretrizes Voluntárias sobre a Governança Responsável da Posse da Terra e dos Recursos Pesqueiros e Florestais em um contexto da segurança alimentar nacional.
A terminologia empregada na redação da presente publicação não contraria a terminologia das Diretrizes voluntárias, do modo como foram aprovadas pelo Comitê de Segurança Alimentar Mundial em 11 de maio de 2012, nem a função que os Estados desempenham na sua execução.
Este Manual Popular foi elaborado com o apoio financeiro da Organização das Nações Unidas para a Alimentação e a Agricultura (FAO), da Oxfam e contribuições das organizações que compõem e apoiam o Comitê Internacional de Planejamento para a Soberania Alimentar (CIP).

 

Date of publication
January 2013
Geographical focus

Women’s access to, use of and control over land and other productive resources are essential to ensuring their right to equality and to an adequate standard of living. Throughout the world, gender inequality when it comes to land and other productive resources is related to women’s poverty and exclusion.  Barriers which prevent women’s access to, use of and control over land and other productive resources often include inadequate legal standards and/or ineffective implementation at national and local levels, as well as discriminatory cultural attitudes and practices at the institutional and community level.

The purpose of this publication is to provide detailed guidance to support the adoption and effective implementation of laws, policies and programmes to respect, protect and fulfil women’s rights to land and other productive resources.  It presents an overview of international and regional legal and policy instruments recognizing women’s rights to land and other productive resources, and discusses ways of advancing a human rights-based approach to women’s rights to land and other productive resources.  It sets out recommendations in a range of areas accompanied by explanatory commentaries and good practice examples and case studies from countries. The publication is based on the results of an expert group meeting held in June 2012.  It is hoped that the publication will be a useful tool for policy makers, civil society organizations and other stakeholders  in their efforts to realize women’s rights to land other productive resources.

Geographical focus

[via FAO] This technical guide aims to assist implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines by providing guidance that supports the Guidelines' principle of gender equality in tenure governance. The guide focuses on equity and on how land tenure can be governed in ways that address the different needs and priorities of women and men. It moves away from long-standing debates about gender equality in access to land, towards the mainstreaming of gender issues to achieve more gender-equitable participation in the processes and institutions that underlie all decision-making about land. Gender-equitable governance of land tenure ensures that women and men can participate equally in their relationships to land, through both formal institutions andinformal arrangements for land administration and management. The guide provides advice on mechanisms, strategies and actions that can be adopted to improve gender equity in the processes, institutions and activities of land tenure governance.

You can access the full document via the FAO website here

Geographical focus

The Cities Alliance-funded Tenure Security Facility Southern Africa 2012 programme aims to provide specialist tenure technical assistance and advisory services to slum upgrading initiatives in the region. The work also aims to contribute to improved access to land for poorer people, which in turn contributes to improved livelihoods, active citizenship and wealth creation. Read more

http://www.urbanlandmark.org.za/newsletter/issue/0703/05.php

Geographical focus

Urban LandMark has developed a guide for local government in South Africa to assist municipal officials involved in urban land governance to carry out their functions in ways that ensure pro-poor outcomes in the urban land market. The objective of the guide is to provide easily accessible material based on the urban land governance work of Urban LandMark over the past five years to provide practical ways of working differently. With clear examples and available tools, the guide shows municipal practitioners what they can
practically do to manage urban land to achieve these outcomes.

Download the guide and a brochure at http://www.urbanlandmark.org.za/research/x60.php

Geographical focus

The majority of the world live in rural areas and are dependent on land and land based resources. The increasing pressure on land, particularly that used for food production, by countries and private investors poses a huge risks to millions of these rural communities. One of the major causes is weak and poor governance in land tenure systems, as most Governments have so far failed to provide adequate safeguards to protect poor people from eviction or dispossession leaving them without compensation and remedy. 

The Voluntary Guidelines on land tenure, endorsed on May 11 by the Committee of World Food Security,  are meant to provide effective guidance to Governments to improve their land tenure systems. They will constitute a baseline of acceptable practices that can be used by all stakeholders and Governments to evaluate proposed and existing policies and actions. National grassroots movements need to be supported to campaign for the adoption and implementation of the VGs with the aim of pushing Governments to revise their tenure systems or to introduce appropriate legal framework based on the VGs. In order to raise awareness within local communities, local CSOs, grassroots movements, and NGOs, this brief will introduce the VGs (which is originally a high technical document) ,  in a less technical and simple way that can be easily understood by local people. 

For the full publication see attached pdf document.

Date of publication
January 2011
Geographical focus

We the Rural Women’s Assembly of Southern Africa, meeting in Durban on the event of the 17th Conference of Parties of the UNFCCC in Durban from 30 November to 5 December 2011 demand that governments take the following immediate steps to address the clear and present danger posed to rural communities by the climate crisis.


1. A climate deal that will take meaningful steps to halt the climate crisis by cutting carbon emissions. Historical emitters who are responsible for 75% of GHGs must face trade and investment sanctions if they refuse to cut emissions, particularly from African governments, as Africa has contributed least to climate change, but is the worst affected.


2. We demand proper recognition of women’s critical role in fighting climate change and protecting livelihoods and the environment despite widespread violation of their equal right to land. Equal rights to land and natural resources is critical to fight climate  change. As the Rural Women’s Assembly we demand that governments implement the principle of 50/50 land to women through a radical programme of land redisribution and agrarian reform.


3. Women produce 80 per cent of the food consumed by households in Africa. Seventy per cent of Africa’s 600 million people are rural. Financial support for women farmers must be commensurate to their numbers and crucial role. We stress that adaptation strategies and building resilience starts at the household level. Governments must address the crisis in the care economy in order to build resilence to climate change. As women we demand that 50 per cent of funding training and other support to agriculture must go to women farmers secured by a special allocation within the Green Climate Fund and public budgets.


4. We demand that climate change solutions put indigenous knowledge systems at the centre of policies to promote biodiversity, rehabilitate our ecosystems and rebuild the livlihoods destroyed by colonialism, apartheid and economic imperialism. Rural women are the holders of indigenous knowledge–our marginalisation from economic production, scientific knowledge generation and social systems has resulted in the steady loss of such knowledge to Africa, thereby making us more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.


5. We demand an end to false climate solutions which are resulting in a deterioration of our environments, the destruction of marine life as well as land and resource grabs and the take over of food systems by corporations and speculators. We reject the participation of Africa in carbon markets, GMO projects and biofuels farming. Climate change can only be addressed by a change in our current economic system which encourages unsustainable resource extraction and consumption.


We commit ourselves to continue forward with the struggle against the injustices of climate change and build our movement to end the shameful marginalisation of rural women. We will continue to strive for the recreation of equitable vibrant, prosperous and healthy rural communities.


Signed on this day of 4 November 2011
Rural Womens Assembly


Contact details
Constance Mogale, Land Access Movement of South Africa
Tel: +27825590632
Mercia Andrews, Trust for Community Outreach and Education
Tel: +27823683429


Further contact details available from www.lamosa.org.za

Date of publication
January 2011
Geographical focus

The international meeting of South East Asian Human Rights Institutions on ‘Human Rights and Business: Plural Legal Approaches to Conflict Resolution, Institutional Strengthening and Legal Reform’ hosted by the Indonesian National Human Rights Commission (KOMNASHAM) was held in Bali, Indonesia, from 28th November to 1st December 2011. It was attended by 58 participants from the national human rights institutions of the Southeast Asian region, notable academics, representatives of indigenous peoples, as well as members of supportive national and international NGOs. The meeting focused on the challenges of ensuring respect for the rights of indigenous peoples and rural communities in the context of a rapid expansion of agribusiness, notably the palm oil sector, while recognising the right to development and the need to improve the welfare and situation of indigenous peoples and rural communities.
The participants expressed their thanks to the Indonesian Commission on Human Rights (KOMNASHAM), as represented by Ifdhal Kasim and Nur Kholis, Chairman and Vice-Chairman of the Commission respectively, for inspiring and hosting this meeting: and also convey their warm appreciation to SawitWatch, the Forest Peoples Programme, the Centre for Peoples and Forests, the Samdhana Institute and the Rights and Resources Initiative for co-organising and supporting this meeting. They welcomed the Statements of the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier de Schutter, and the Member of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Raja Devasish Roy.

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