To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and promote gender-equitable land tenure, discriminatory laws, institutions, and customary practices need to be addressed.

From large land acquisitions that displace communities without due compensation, to the encroachment of mining on indigenous lands, to the brunt of climate change and natural disasters, to everyday land and property deprivation by kin or state, women are typically more harshly impacted by land tenure insecurity due to discriminatory laws and lingering social bias.

For millions of rural women their nexus to the land – their lifeline, home, livelihood, and social security – often teeters on the strength of their relationship to their father, husband, brother or son. In many contexts, they lack direct, unmediated rights to the land. They face layers of discrimination in both the law and in practice, fueled by their gender, race, ethnicity, affiliation, orientation, age, or social status.  

Laws and social norms impose barriers to women’s right to own and access to land. In more than half the world, laws, and more often gender bias, and discriminatory social norms[1] entrench women’s unequal rights to access, use, inherit, transfer, control, benefit from, and own land discount their input into decisions about the fate of their land, and dismiss their compensation or redress claims when the land is taken by an investor, corporation, powerful local leader, the government, or even their kin.

Research affirms that secure land rights can be transformational[2] for women, their families, and communities. The Global Agenda for Sustainable Development[3] spotlights land as a critical driver, and regional efforts reflect growing political support for women’s land rights. Broad coalitions of NGOs and civil society rally around regional and global calls. The Deliver for Good campaign[4] spotlights women’s land rights as critical to a holistic gender-responsive implementation of the sustainable development agenda. A recently launched Africa Land Policy Initiative campaign calls for 30 percent of documented land in women’s name individually or jointly[5].

Women across the globe have formed collectives and networks and forged innovative approaches to secure land rights for communities, within communities and households. Women to Kilimanjaro mobilized women across Africa to climb up the continent’s highest peak to stand up for women’s right to land[6]. Indigenous women in Latin America and Asia – often at great personal risk – are leading movements for rights to their land and resources[7].

 

Indicators

This indicator was a sub-component of the Discriminatory Family Code Index in the Gender Institutions and Development Database in the 2009 edition.

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural land area owned by sex (female - share%) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specif

Measurement unit
Number

Formal recognition of women's right measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Measurement unit
Index (A; D)

This indicator is taken from the OECD the Gender, Institutions and Development Database (GID-DB). It is and index ranging from 0 to 1.

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

This indicator is a sub-component of the Restricted Resources and Entitlements Indicator and measures whether women and men have equal and secure access to land use, control and ownership.

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

The SIGI is built on 12 innovative indicators on social institutions, which are grouped into 5 categories / subindexes: Family Code, Physical Integrity, Son Preference, Civil Liberties and Ownershi

Measurement unit
Index (0; 1)

Mapping

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The SIGI is built on 12 innovative indicators on social institutions, which are grouped into 5 categories / subindexes: Family Code, Physical Integrity, Son Preference, Civil Liberties and Ownershi

Ranking

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This indicator is a sub-component of the Restricted Resources and Entitlements Indicator and measures whether women and men have equal and secure access to land use, control and ownership.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Media

Latest News

Land rights in Bangladesh
5 December 2017
Bangladesh

With a population of 163 million people and an area of only 147,570 square kilometers, Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Land scarcity, insecure tenure, and other factors have contributed to a high volume of land conflicts. Such problems are compounded by Bangladesh’s weak land governance systems, extensive informal settlements in urban areas and widespread landlessness in rural areas.

28 November 2017
Papua New Guinea

The women noted that “foreign concepts” and exploiters supplanted traditional ways of life, resulting in the environmental catastrophe of the island.

Mothers Against Re-Opening the Panguna mine have released a statement championing traditional land rights of the Indigenous Black people of the South Pacific island of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea, expressing their emphatic opposition to re-opening the Panguna Mine located in the Guava Mountains.

Photo Courtesy of Jeremy Green
27 November 2017
Kenya
Zambia
South Africa

Dynamic country portfolios combine detailed narratives with Linked Open Data to provide comprehensive overviews of land governance systems

24 November 2017
Canada

With the new housing strategy, the government has committed to halving "chronic homelessness" by 2028

MUMBAI, Nov 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Canada's move to recognise housing as a fundamental right in its new national housing strategy marks a historic step towards ending homelessness, a senior United Nations official said.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced the long-awaited housing strategy on Wednesday in response to U.N. criticism of Canada's "persistent housing crisis".

Latest Blogs

Dubai Skyline
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

Those of you who have visited Dubai in recent years may relate to what I am going to say: Dubai is in the middle of the desert, and its land, not that long ago, was really worth nothing. Now it is one of the most vibrant international cities in the world. All this happened in a relatively short time span.

Asia
South-Eastern Asia

A civil society perspective on engaging with the private sector

Towards SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Global

A relatively obscure and technical determination earlier this week by a relatively little-known international body could mean a sea change in economic and social empowerment prospects for hundreds of millions of women and their families.  Insecure rights to land constrain opportunity for over 2 billion people living in urban and rural informality.  And women fare the worst. 

Latin America and the Caribbean

As part of the recent peace accords, Colombia is returning land to the victims of a 50-year internal armed conflict. This includes the protection of women's fundamental rights, which is especially important because the violence and forced displacement had a higher impact on rural women. 

Latest Events

26 February 2018 to 28 February 2018

Location

United Arab Emirates
AE
Iran
Iraq
Jordan
Lebanon
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

The Government of the United Arab Emirates in partnership with the World Bank, the Global Land Tool Network, UN-Habitat, the Arab League and the Arab Union of Surveyors is pleased to announce the first Arab Land Conference that will be hosted by the Dubai Land Department and held in Dubai, UAE, between 26-28 /February/2018.

19 February 2018 to 21 February 2018

Location

India
IN
India

India Land and Development Conference ( ILDC 2018 )
CONNECTION, INCLUSION, INNOVATION & CAPACITY TO IMPROVE LAND GOVERNANCE
Venue: India International Centre, New Delhi Dates: 19-21 Feb, 2018

Organizing committee of ILDC is very happy to announce 2nd India Land and Development Conference to continue inclusive and interdisciplinary conversations among stakeholders around land governance in India. 

30 November 2017 to 1 December 2017

Location

Abuja
Nigeria
NG
Africa

Women account for 60–80 per cent of smallholder farmers and comprise the largest percentage of the workforce in the agricultural sector. Inequalities between women and men in access to land, productive resources, income-generating activities and public consultation spaces seriously undermine women’s capacity to contribute to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

27 November 2017 to 30 November 2017

Location

Teresina, Piauí, Brasil, 64000-000
Piauí
Brazil
BR
Brazil

A Comissão Organizadora da IV Reunião Nordestina de Ciência do Solo já definiu a data do evento, que ocorrerá entre os dias 27 a 30/11/2017 na cidade de Teresina, PI. Segundo o Coordenador do evento, o Dr. Henrique Antunes de Souza, da Embrapa Meio-Norte, nos próximos dias será disponibilizado o site do evento contendo informações sobre programação, preço das inscrições, modelo de resumo, normas de submissão, etc. A seguir são apresentados os membros que compõem a Comissão Organizadora da IV RNCS:

 

Coordenador

Debates

Women's Land Rights and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Closed
30 October 2017 to 10 November 2017
Facilitators
Sejal Dave
Pranab Choudhury
Global
India

 

Closed
20 June 2017 to 14 July 2017
Facilitators
EverlyneNairesiae
StaceyZammit
Malcolm Childress
Global

From June 20th to July 14th, 2017, the Land Portal, in collaboration with GLTN/GLII, Land Alliance and LandAC, will co-facilitate a dialogue through which a variety of stakeholders will focus on discussions centered around measuring the perception of land tenure security in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  

Closed
5 June 2017 to 16 June 2017
Facilitators
Godfrey Massay
Lukasz Czerwinski
Global
Tanzania
Closed
28 November 2016 to 23 December 2016
Facilitators
Bjoern.Hoops
Nicholas Tagliarino
Marcello Demaria
Global

Land tenure changes are on the rise throughout the world as a result of increased migration from rural to urban areas, expansion of infrastructure, commercial pressures on agricultural land, extractive activities, and climate change. Shifts in land tenure arrangements are proceeding through compulsory acquisitions (i.e. expropriations) and voluntary market transactions, such large-scale land leases and concessions.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 2122
Reports & Research
December 2017
Colombia

Las colombianas fueron víctimas de la guerra, y han sido una parte crucial del proceso de paz posterior. 'Mujeres al frente', libro y documental, les pone voz y rostro.

Institutional & promotional materials
December 2017
Colombia

A partir de las solicitudes de Apoyos de Respuestas Rápidas (ARRs) el FAU-AL creó la Iniciativa Colaborativa: Mujeres, Territorios y Medio Ambiente con el objetivo de dar respuesta a las necesidades de las defensoras de derechos de la Madre Tierra y a las organizaciones ambientalistas.

Institutional & promotional materials
December 2017
Bolivia

La Plataforma de Beijing, aprobada en la Cuarta Conferencia Mundial sobre la Mujer (1995), señala el deber de los gobiernos de emprender reformas administrativas y legislativas para dar a la mujer acceso pleno y equitativo a los recursos económicos, incluido el derecho a la herencia y la posesión de tierras, el acceso a créditos, recursos y tecnologías. Adicionalmente, existen varios tratados y leyes internacionales y nacionales que abordan la necesidad de garantizar estos derechos para promover el desarrollo y garantizar la igualdad.

Reports & Research
December 2017
Mexico

A nivel mundial, ocho hombres poseen la misma riqueza que la mitad más pobre del planeta. En México, cuatro millonarios(as) tienen tanta riqueza como el 50% más pobre de la población.

Reports & Research
December 2017
Argentina
Bolivia
Colombia
Peru
Paraguay

A nivel mundial, en los últimos años se lograron avances importantes en relación a la igualdad de género en el marco de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM). Sin embargo, las mujeres y las niñas siguen sufriendo discriminación y violencia en todos los lugares del mundo. Por ello, para alcanzar un mundo sostenible e igualitario es necesario cerrar las brechas de género.