Land and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Goal 5: Gender equality
Target 5.a: Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws

The first part of the indicator focuses on the incidence of people with ownership of secure rights over land, while the second part focuses on the gender parity and the extent to which women are disadvantaged in terms of ownership or use rights over agricultural land.  

The focus of this indicator is on agricultural land, which is commonly viewed as a critical resource for ensuring poverty reduction in many developing countries.

According to the SDG Tier Classification Chart (updated April 20, 2017),  SDG indicator 5.a.1 was reclassified from Tier III to Tier II status by the Inter-Agency Expert Group on the SDGs (IAEG- SDGs).

Selected indicators on the Land Portal

This indicator is taken from the OECD the Gender, Institutions and Development Database (GID-DB). It is and index ranging from 0 to 1.

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Other related indicators

This indicator is a sub-component of the Discriminatory Family Code Indicator and measures whether daughters and sons have equal inheritance rights.

This indicator was a sub-component of the Discriminatory Family Code Index in the Gender Institutions and Development Database in the 2009 edition.

Distribution of agricultural land area owned by sex (female - share%) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Distribution of agricultural landowners by sex (female - share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Formal recognition of women's right measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Women's property rights are recorded (i) urban (ii) rural measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Women's property rights to land are equal to men's (i) in law and (ii) in practice measured on a scale from A - which stands for good practices - to D - reflecting weak practices.

Indicator Min-Max
Number of years

Obs missing
Min / Max