This qualitative dataset shows how national laws measure up against the international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established in Section 16 of the UN Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGTs). The UN Committee on World Food Security, a body consisting of 193 governments, endorsed the VGGTs in 2012. The dataset contains indicators which ask yes or no questions about the legal provisions established in national laws. Where laws only partially satisfy the question asked by the indicator, a score of "partial" is provided. If the national laws assessed fully adopt the VGGT principle, then a score of "A" is given. If national laws assessed partially adopt the VGGT principle, then a score of "B" is given. If national laws assessed do not adopt the VGGT principle, then a score of "C" is given.  Answering the questions posed by these indicators entailed reviewing a broad range of legally binding instruments, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, communal land acts, agricultural land acts, land use acts, regulations, and some court decisions. For more information, please see:

A right to relocation allowance for all displaced persons

This indicator asks whether national laws provide relocation allowance to all displaced populations to cover transportation and other costs associated with moving to alternative land after expropriation occurs. This indicator is based on Section 16.8 of the VGGTs, which establishes that"evictions and relocations should not result in individuals being rendered homeless or vulnerable to the violation of human rights. Where those affected are unable to provide for themselves, States should, to the extent that resources permit, take appropriate measures to provide adequate alternative housing, resettlement or access to productive land, fisheries and forests as the case may be."


Measurement unit
Index (A; C)



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