This dataset contains indicators on the level of food security in several countries as provided by FAO. The selection of the indicators included in this dataset is based upon the FAO suite of food security indicators, which includes 30 indicators grouped along the four dimension of food security -- Availability, Access, Utilization and Stability. Data from the FAO suite of food security indicators can be accessed on FAOSTAT.

Indicators in this dataset

Displaying 1 - 10 of 30

Access to improved sanitation facilities (%)

This indicator is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: utilization (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). It measures the share (%) of the total population with Access to Sanitation Facilities. Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained. This indicator provides information useful to assess the utilization dimension of food security outcomes. It corresponds to the MDG 7 target 7.C: "halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sutainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation". The indicator -- originally compiled by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation (wssinfo.org) -- is also part of the World Development Indicators of the World Bank (http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ACSN) (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Access to improved water sources (%)

This indicator is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: utilization (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). it measures the share (%) of the total population with access to improved drinking water sources. Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling. . The indicator -- originally compiled by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation ( wssinfo.org ) -- is also available on the World Bank site (http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.STA.ACSN) (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Average dietary energy supply adequacy (%) (3-year average)

This indicator is calculated by FAOSTAT/ESS and is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: availability (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). The indicator expresses the Dietary Energy Supply (DES) as a percentage of the Average Dietary Energy Requirement (ADER). Each country's or region's average supply of calories for food consumption is normalized by the average dietary energy requirement estimated for its population to provide an index of adequacy of the food supply in terms of calories. Analyzed together with the prevalence of undernourishment, it allows discerning whether undernourishment is mainly due to insufficiency of the food supply or to particularly bad distribution. The indicator is calculated in three year averages, from 1990-92 to 2014-16, to reduce the impact of possible errors in estimated DES, due to the difficulties in properly accounting of stock variations in major food. It thus provides an indicator of structural food supply adequacy (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Average protein supply (g/capita/day) (3-year average)

This indicator is calculated by FAOSTAT and is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: availability (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). The indicator measures the national average protein supply (expressed in grams per caput per day) and provides information on the quality of the diet. The indicator is calculated in three year averages, from 1990-92 to 2011-13, to reduce the impact of possible errors in estimated DES, due to the difficulties in properly accounting of stock variations in major food (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Average supply of protein of animal origin (g/capita/day) (3-year average)

This indicator is calculated by FAOSTAT and is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: availability (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). The indicator measures the national average protein supply (expressed in grams per caput per day) and provides information on the quality of the diet. It includes the following groups: meat; offals; animal fats and products; milk and products; eggs, fish, seafood and products; and acquatic products, other. The indicator is calculated in three year averages, from 1990-92 to 2011-13, to reduce the impact of possible errors in estimated DES, due to the difficulties in properly accounting of stock variations in major food (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Average value of food production (constant I$ per person) (3-year average)

This indicator is calculated by FAOSTAT/ESS and is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: availability (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). The indicator expresses the food net production value (in constant 2004-06 international dollars), as estimated by FAO and published by FAOSTAT, in per capita terms. It provides a cross country comparable measure of the relative economic size of the food production sector in the country. The indicator is calculated in three year averages, from 1990-92 to 2011-13, to reduce the impact of possible errors in estimated production, due to the difficulties in properly accounting of stock variations in major food (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Cereal import dependency ratio (%) (3-year average)

This indicator is calculated by FAOSTAT/ESS and is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: stability (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). The cereal imports dependency ratio tells how much of the available domestic food supply of cereals has been imported and how much comes from the country's own production. It is computed as (cereal imports - cereal exports)/(cereal production + cereal imports - cereal exports) * 100. Given this formula the indicator assumes only values <= 100. Negative values indicate that the country is a net exporter of cereals. This indicator provides a measure of the dependence of a country or region from cereal imports. The greater the indicator, the higher the dependence. The indicator is calculated in three year averages, from 1990-92 to 2009-11, to reduce the impact of possible errors in estimated production and trade, due to the difficulties in properly accounting of stock variations in major food (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Depth of the food deficit (kcal/capita/day) (3-year average)

This indicator is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: access (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). The depth of the food deficit indicates how many calories would be needed to lift the undernourished from their status, everything else being constant. The average intensity of food deprivation of the undernourished, estimated as the difference between the average dietary energy requirement and the average dietary energy consumption of the undernourished population (food-deprived), is multiplied by the number of undernourished to provide an estimate of the total food deficit in the country, which is then normalized by the total population. (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Domestic food price level index

This indicator is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: access (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU). Domestic food price level index is an important indicator for global monitoring of food security because it compares the relative price of food across countries and over time. The Domestic Food Price Level Index is calculated by dividing the Food Purchasing Power Parity (FPPP) by the General PPP, thus proiding an index of the price of food in the country relative to the price of the generic cosnumption basket. Data are available for 2005 from the ICP Program . It is then extended to other years by adjusting both numerator and denominator using the relative chenges in Food CPI and General CPI as provided by ILO. It allows comparison of the relative price of food across countries and over time. (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).

Domestic food price volatility (index)

This indicator is part of the FAO Suite of Food Security Indicators -- Dimension: stability (http://www.fao.org/economic/ess/ess-fs/ess-fadata/en/#.WTlX9BPytPU).The domestic food price volatility index measures the variability in the relative price of food in a country. The indicator is calculated from the monthly domestic food price level index using monthly consumer and general food price indices and purchasing power parity data from the International Comparison Program conducted by the World Bank (see the Relative Price of Food Indicator for more informaiton). Month-to-month growth rates are calculated, and the standard deviation of these growth rates are calculated over the previous 8 months (8-months rolling standard deviation). The average of these standard deviations is then computed to obtain an annual volatility indicator (Source: Faostat - http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/FS).