Name
LMM - Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

  1. LEGAL STATUS - Does the law recognize all rights that Indigenous Peoples or communities exercise over their lands as lawful forms of ownership?
  2. LAND RIGHTS AND COMMON PROPERTY - Does the law give indigenous or community land rights the same level of protection as the rights under other tenure systems?
  3. FORMAL DOCUMENTATION - Does the law require the government to provide Indigenous Peoples or communities with a formal title and map to their land?
  4. LEGAL PERSON - Does the law recognize the Indigenous Peoples or community as a legal person for the purposes of land ownership?
  5. LEGAL AUTHORITY - Does the law recognize the Indigenous Peoples or community as the legal authority over the land?
  6. PERPETUITY - Do the law and formal title recognize that indigenous or community land rights may be held in perpetuity?
  7. RIGHT TO CONSENT BEFORE LAND ACQUISITION - Does the law require the consent of Indigenous Peoples or communities before government or an outsider may acquire their land?
  8. RIGHTS TO TREES - Does the law explicitly recognize that indigenous or community land rights include the rights to all trees on the land?
  9. RIGHTS TO WATER - Does the law explicitly recognize that indigenous or community land rights include the rights to local water sources on the land?
  10. LAND RIGHTS IN PROTECTED AREAS - Does the law uphold indigenous or community land rights in the ownership and governance of national parks and other protected areas?

The assessment of each indicator is based on a review of relevant national laws, including the constitution, statutes, regulations, and high court cases, to the extent they are available.

Each indicator is assigned a score of 1, 2, 3, 4, Not applicable (N/A), or No data (ND). The scoring of indicators is based exclusively on express legal provisions.

  • 1 -> Yes, the law addresses the issue fully. The legal framework clearly or expressly meets the issue addressed in the indicator.
  • 2 -> Partial, the law makes significant progress towards addressing the issue. The legal framework makes significant progress towards, but does not entirely meet the issue addressed in the indicator.
  • 3 -> Partial, the law makes only limited progress towards addressing the issue. The legal framework addresses the indicator, but insignificantly.
  • 4 -> No, the law does not address the issue. There are no attempts in the law to meet the issue addressed in the indicator.
  • N/A -> The indicator is not applicable. Not applicable is used in cases where the subject matter in question is non-existent.
  • ND -> Not enough data to score or not evaluated. No data applies when the country and/or indicator has not been evaluated or there is a lack of sufficient information.

The average score for the ten indicators of the legal security of indigenous and community lands is also provided.

For more information please visit: http://www.landmarkmap.org/data/.

The dataset can be visualised on a free on-line mapping tool produced by the original data provider: http://www.landmarkmap.org/map.

Indicators in this dataset

Displaying 1 - 10 of 22

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

The average score for the ten indicators of the legal security of community lands is also provided. The average score is the sum of the indicator scores of a specific collective tenure type for a country divided by the total number of indicators scored (in most cases, this number is 10). This average score provides only a snapshot of the security of community land. It does not represent an index, in that the various indicators are not weighted based on their relative importance to secure tenure.

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

The average score for the ten indicators of the legal security of indigenous People lands is also provided. The average score is the sum of the indicator scores of a specific collective tenure type for a country divided by the total number of indicators scored (in most cases, this number is 10). This average score provides only a snapshot of the security of indigenous and community land. It does not represent an index, in that the various indicators are not weighted based on their relative importance to secure tenure.

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law recognize all rights that Communities exercise over their lands as lawful forms of ownership?

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law recognize all rights that Indigenous Peoples exercise over their lands as lawful forms of ownership?

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law give communities land rights the same level of protection as the rights under other tenure systems?

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law give Indigenous Peoples land rights the same level of protection as the rights under other tenure systems?

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law require the government to provide communities with a formal title and map to their land?

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law require the government to provide Indigenous Peoples with a formal title and map to their land?

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law recognize the Indigenous Peoples as a legal person for the purposes of land ownership? Each indicator is assigned a score from 1 (-> Yes, the law addresses the issue fully) to 4 (-> No, the law does not address the issue.) ot Not applicable (-> N/A Not applicable is used in cases where the subject matter in question is non-existent.).

This data is characterized by a series of ten indicator questions that point to the security of land tenure for Indigenous Peoples or communities as established in national laws.

This indicator is part of the set of Indicators of the Legal Security of Indigenous and Community Lands estimated by LandMark (http://www.landmarkmap.org/). It answers to the following question: Does the law recognize the Indigenous Peoples as a legal person for the purposes of land ownership? Each indicator is assigned a score from 1 (-> Yes, the law addresses the issue fully) to 4 (-> No, the law does not address the issue.) ot Not applicable (-> N/A Not applicable is used in cases where the subject matter in question is non-existent.).