Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


    Latest News

    20 January 2017

    By: Paola Totaro

    Date: 20 January 2017

    Source: Reuters

    Kosovo is to revolutionise its land laws and will, for the first time, clearly define formal ownership and encourage women to inherit and own land in their own right.

    Deputy Prime Minister Hajredin Kuci said on Friday that the government wanted to modernise its property system to "bring Kosovo society fully into the Western world" and foster greater equality and prosperity in the Balkan country.

    Latest Events

    9 November 2016


    United States
    Date: NOVEMBER 09, 2016

    Join USAID to learn more about land tenure and property rights country by country, starting with Kosovo. In this 30 minute webinar we will examine land tenure and property rights in Kosovo, and explore USAID’s recently updated Land Tenure Country Profile for Kosovo with Dr. Maureen Moriarty-Lempke, the country profile’s primary author.



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 11
    February 2015

    In Guinea, USAID uses participatory approaches to identify areas for artisanal mining and to collect data on mining operations and resource rights.
    Continuing our series on participatory approaches to stregthen land tenure programming, this week, we will share the final example from our work in Guinea.

    September 2013

    Prospects for economic growth depend
    upon the success of two overarching factors (1) mitigating
    risks related to political uncertainty and the maintenance
    of peace and security in the region; and (2) implementation
    of a policy program that promotes private sector- led
    growth, including completion of the reconstruction effort.
    Such a package of reforms might include the following
    measures: Within a sound fiscal position proceed with

    April 2013

    A Kosovo CEA is a World Bank analytical
    tool used to integrate environmental issues into development
    assistance strategies, programs, and projects. To that end,
    the CEA synthesizes environmental issues, highlights the
    environmental and economic implications of development
    policies, and evaluates the country's environmental
    management capacity. Kosovo is landlocked and possesses many
    mineral resources, mainly coal, lead, zinc, chromium, and

    August 2012

    When designing and implementing a
    project in a conflict-affected country, some of the
    conflict's more obvious impacts-damage to
    infrastructure and energy supplies, are apt to immediately
    come to mind. However, based on the experiences with the
    Kosovo privatization program, there are additional problems
    related to a conflict's aftermath that may be
    overlooked during a project's design but which should