Uganda

UGA

Uganda

Located in East-Central Africa, west of Kenya, Uganda is home to an ethnically and religiously diverse population, along with significant natural resources, including fertile soils, forests, minerals, and recently discovered oil.

Land and property rights have been subject to a series of reforms since 1995, including in the Constitution (1995) which grants “every person …a right to own property either individually or in association with others.” Another notable milestone was the 1998 Land Act, which strongly supports women’s land rights; decentralizes land administration; and establishes land tribunals for the resolution of land-related disputes. Finally, the 2013 National Land Policy, adopted after more than a decade of consultation and debate, aims to “ensure efficient, equitable and optimal utilization and management of Uganda’s land resources for poverty reduction, wealth creation and overall socio-economic development.” 

The ownership and management of forest and mineral resources is an area of increasing concern. According to government estimates, forests account for 24% of Uganda’s land (4.9 million hectares). About 30% of forests are in protected areas and parks, while 70% percent of forests are on private land. Meanwhile, a constitutional amendment (2005) vested all control of minerals and petroleum in the government.

Some of the main land-related issues in Uganda include: inequitable distribution and control of productive land; discrimination against women’s land rights under customary tenure regimes; land grabs; greater transparency in land deals and land markets; land conflicts; and the need to strengthen land institutions.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    16 July 2017
    Uganda

    Transparency International recently teamed up with researchers from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs to analyse the intersectionality of land, corruption, and gender in Uganda, and the potential for tech to empower women in the country. Here's what we discovered:

    Land, corruption, and information communication technologies (ICTs) are complex and dynamic issues, playing significant roles in Ugandans’ lives. On one hand, they promote or even generate wealth, but on the other, they create or increase vulnerability.

    26 June 2017
    Uganda

    In April, three bus loads of men carrying sticks and machetes arrived in the village with the bulldozer - angry residents fought back

    BUGABO, Uganda June 26 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - "This land is peaceful," said Abdul Seryazi, standing in his family fields in Bugabo, a village in central Uganda.

    But a charred bulldozer alongside tells a different story.

    In April, three bus loads of men carrying sticks and machetes arrived in the village with the bulldozer.

    Angry residents fought back, fearing the land would be cleared, and the machine was set alight.

    29 May 2017
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Cameroon
    Namibia

    With detailed field studies from Kenya, Cameroon, Uganda and Namibia, a new report sheds light on the consequences of extractive industries on land rights and indigenous peoples in Africa. “Worrying that so little is done to protect the environment and the indigenous peoples,” says the report.
     

    Environmental degradation, cultural ethnocide and gross human rights violations: For indigenous peoples these are some of the consequences of the current global race for natural resources and raw materials.

    10 May 2017
    Uganda

    After the war, all the people of Amuru wanted to do was to return to their land and carry on farming. Communities began returning to this fertile stretch lapped by the Nile River a decade ago, after years of being in displacement camps during the Lord’s Resistance Army insurgency.

    But now a new kind of conflict is brewing. This is prime agricultural land which may have oil reserves on it. The Ugandan government and big business are eyeing the area for profit, and appear intent on forcing local communities off their land.

    Latest Blog

    Global
    Africa
    Kenya
    Uganda
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    Colombia
    Peru
    Asia
    Indonesia
    Nepal

    The recent World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, held this past March in Washington D.C., provided a unique opportunity to reflect on collective land tenure reforms not only from a research point of view, but also from that of governments.

    Partners

    MIFUMI

    Rift Valley Institute

    RVI

    Resource Equity

    International Institute of Rural Reconstruction

    IIRR

    Foundation for Human Rights Initiative

    FHRI

    Land and Equity Movement

    LEMU

    Uganda Rural Development & Training Program

    URDT

    RECONCILE

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 919
    How to deal with people in post displacement - reintegration: the welcoming capacity approach cover image
    Reports & Research
    March 2014

    In conflict situations, peace settlements and cease-fire agreements may often, end violent conflicts, but do not prevent renewed violence or guarantee a permanent end to conflicts.5 According to the World Bank, chances that renewed conflicts will erupt are high and even higher when control over natural resources is at stake.6 In the past two decades alone, Africa has experienced violent conflicts with successive cease-fire agreements and peaceful settlements, which have often been followed by outbreaks of new conflicts.

    Reports & Research
    December 2007

    Food availability, access, stability and utilization are all part of the multi-dimensional nature of food security. The “availability” aspect, discussed here, refers to the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or inputs.

    Reports & Research
    December 2006

    This training manual focuses on how to manage and resolve conflicts over land tenure rights, security of tenure and land access in the field of rural development. It results from complementary activities undertaken within FAO's Livelihood Support Programme (LSP) and the Land Tenure and Management Unit and with the International Land Coalition. It addresses the specific issues of land tenure identified in the volume Negotiation and Mediation Techniques for Natural Resource Management published by the LSP.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012

    This publication aims to provide practical guidance for population and housing census and agricultural census planners looking to implement a cost-effective census strategy by coordinating the population and housing census with the agricultural census.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012

    ويضع نُهجاً جديدة التقدم » العالم الآن إلى أن يغير أفكاره عن للنجاح الاقتصادي في المستقبل. والغرض من تقرير حالة الغابات في العالم 2012 ، مثل التقارير التسعة التي سبقته، هو أن يكون بمثابة مرجع لدعم السياسات والبحوث المتعلقة بالغابات. وعلاوة على ذلك، فإنني آمل أن تساعد بعض الأفكار التي يقدمها التقرير في تنشيط النقاش ووضع نُهج مبتكرة تساعد على دفع الاقتصاد العالمي في اتجاه أكثر اخضراراً.