Located in East-Central Africa, west of Kenya, Uganda is home to an ethnically and religiously diverse population, along with significant natural resources, including fertile soils, forests, minerals, and recently discovered oil.

Land and property rights have been subject to a series of reforms since 1995, including in the Constitution (1995) which grants “every person …a right to own property either individually or in association with others.” Another notable milestone was the 1998 Land Act, which strongly supports women’s land rights; decentralizes land administration; and establishes land tribunals for the resolution of land-related disputes. Finally, the 2013 National Land Policy, adopted after more than a decade of consultation and debate, aims to “ensure efficient, equitable and optimal utilization and management of Uganda’s land resources for poverty reduction, wealth creation and overall socio-economic development.” 

The ownership and management of forest and mineral resources is an area of increasing concern. According to government estimates, forests account for 24% of Uganda’s land (4.9 million hectares). About 30% of forests are in protected areas and parks, while 70% percent of forests are on private land. Meanwhile, a constitutional amendment (2005) vested all control of minerals and petroleum in the government.

Some of the main land-related issues in Uganda include: inequitable distribution and control of productive land; discrimination against women’s land rights under customary tenure regimes; land grabs; greater transparency in land deals and land markets; land conflicts; and the need to strengthen land institutions.


Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

  • Please, select year and panels to show the info.
  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


Latest News

Uganda: Hoima Evicted Families Get Back Land

By: Francis Mugerwa

Date: December 21st 2016

Source: / The Monitor

Hoima — Fifty three families which were evicted from land to pave way for the construction of an oil waste treatment plant by a US firm in August 2014, have finally reached an understanding with the landlord to restore them on the land.

The 53 are part of the 250 families that were evicted from Rwamutonga village, Bugambe Sub-county in Hoima District and are living in an internally displaced peoples camp.

Uganda: Poor Landowners Caught Up in Fight for Land in Oil-Rich Buliisa

By: Francis Mugerwa

Date: December 19th 2016

Source: / The Monitor

Perched on a wooden stool under a tree shade in his courtyard, Mr Eriakimu Kaseegu, props his cheek in his right palm, seeming to be in deep thought. His home is located in Kisimo Cell, Buliisa Town Council in Buliisa District, some 284 kilometres northwest of Kampala. The area has at least 26 oil wells.

Govt seeks to empower ethnic minorities on land rights

By: Sandra Ampiire

Date: November 28, 2016

Source: New Vision

According to the lands ministry, only 6% of registered and titled land belongs to women

A Bill meant to protect the rights of women and minority groups on land acquisition is in the offing.

This was revealed by the commissioner equity and rights, ministry of gender labour and social development, Bernard Mujuni.

Latest Blog



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Womens Land Rights in Northern Uganda: West Nile, Acholi, Lango, Teso and Karamoja

Oxfam released a new report examining the security of women’s land and property rights across northern Uganda. Independent consultants were engaged to implement a relatively large qualitative and quantitative analysis of land tenure in the region. While several key findings related to ownership and access contradict many widely held perceptions associated with women and land, the report presents an objective insight into women’s land tenure and provides a sound basis for meaningful interventions aimed at improving the gender equitably of land tenure in northern Uganda.

Resource information

December 2014

Women, Marriage and Asset Inheritance in Uganda

"The study uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative research. The first phase involved interviewing focus groups and key informants about assets held by men and women in the communities and on patterns of acquisition and social norms surrounding asset ownership and inheritance. The second phase was a household and intra-household survey. Life-history interviews were also conducted. The study found that many women gain access to land or ownership through their marital relationships. Both husbands and wives often indicate that land is owned jointly.

Resource information

December 2011

Women's Rights to Productive Assets - Land: Lessons Learnt from Uganda

In this paper, [M. Rugadya] present[s] two key aspects of good practices and lessons learnt based on my experience in drafting Uganda’s national land policy and extensive experience as researcher and grant-maker in the East Africa region. The first aspect is that of content including agenda setting for policy and legislation – that specify which rights are accessible or open to women and how women attain them.

Resource information

December 2012