Located in East-Central Africa, west of Kenya, Uganda is home to an ethnically and religiously diverse population, along with significant natural resources, including fertile soils, forests, minerals, and recently discovered oil.

Land and property rights have been subject to a series of reforms since 1995, including in the Constitution (1995) which grants “every person …a right to own property either individually or in association with others.” Another notable milestone was the 1998 Land Act, which strongly supports women’s land rights; decentralizes land administration; and establishes land tribunals for the resolution of land-related disputes. Finally, the 2013 National Land Policy, adopted after more than a decade of consultation and debate, aims to “ensure efficient, equitable and optimal utilization and management of Uganda’s land resources for poverty reduction, wealth creation and overall socio-economic development.” 

The ownership and management of forest and mineral resources is an area of increasing concern. According to government estimates, forests account for 24% of Uganda’s land (4.9 million hectares). About 30% of forests are in protected areas and parks, while 70% percent of forests are on private land. Meanwhile, a constitutional amendment (2005) vested all control of minerals and petroleum in the government.

Some of the main land-related issues in Uganda include: inequitable distribution and control of productive land; discrimination against women’s land rights under customary tenure regimes; land grabs; greater transparency in land deals and land markets; land conflicts; and the need to strengthen land institutions.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    10 May 2017

    After the war, all the people of Amuru wanted to do was to return to their land and carry on farming. Communities began returning to this fertile stretch lapped by the Nile River a decade ago, after years of being in displacement camps during the Lord’s Resistance Army insurgency.

    But now a new kind of conflict is brewing. This is prime agricultural land which may have oil reserves on it. The Ugandan government and big business are eyeing the area for profit, and appear intent on forcing local communities off their land.

    By: Francis Mugerwa

    Date: December 21st 2016

    Source: / The Monitor

    Hoima — Fifty three families which were evicted from land to pave way for the construction of an oil waste treatment plant by a US firm in August 2014, have finally reached an understanding with the landlord to restore them on the land.

    The 53 are part of the 250 families that were evicted from Rwamutonga village, Bugambe Sub-county in Hoima District and are living in an internally displaced peoples camp.

    By: Francis Mugerwa

    Date: December 19th 2016

    Source: / The Monitor

    Perched on a wooden stool under a tree shade in his courtyard, Mr Eriakimu Kaseegu, props his cheek in his right palm, seeming to be in deep thought. His home is located in Kisimo Cell, Buliisa Town Council in Buliisa District, some 284 kilometres northwest of Kampala. The area has at least 26 oil wells.

    Latest Blog



    Displaying 1 - 6 of 918
    Reports & Research
    December 2007

    Food availability, access, stability and utilization are all part of the multi-dimensional nature of food security. The “availability” aspect, discussed here, refers to the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or inputs.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012

    This publication aims to provide practical guidance for population and housing census and agricultural census planners looking to implement a cost-effective census strategy by coordinating the population and housing census with the agricultural census.

    Reports & Research
    December 2006

    This training manual focuses on how to manage and resolve conflicts over land tenure rights, security of tenure and land access in the field of rural development. It results from complementary activities undertaken within FAO's Livelihood Support Programme (LSP) and the Land Tenure and Management Unit and with the International Land Coalition. It addresses the specific issues of land tenure identified in the volume Negotiation and Mediation Techniques for Natural Resource Management published by the LSP.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2007

    Several decades ago, the efforts of public administrations were concentrated on developing fisheries and aquaculture and ensuring growth in production and consumption. Then, in the 1980s, as many resources became fully or overexploited, the attention of policy-makers began to focus instead on fisheries management, in addition to development of aquaculture. Aquaculture continues to expand, while marine capture fisheries – when summed together worldwide – seem to have reached a ceiling.