Tanzania

TZA

Tanzania

When Tanzania gained independence in 1961, President Julius Nyerere used the political ideology of Ujamaa ‘African Socialism’ as the basis for transferring customary land right to elected village councils and encouraging collective cultivation. Today, 75% of the country’s population lives in rural areas, with agriculture accounting for 45% of the total GDP.

The Constitution of Tanzania recognizes the right to own property for every person and the right to protect this property in accordance with the law. The Land Act and Village Act of 1999 set the principles for the classification of land and governance of village land. The 1999 Land Act facilitates the granting of mortgages to secure loans, while making is easier for lenders to take possession or sell mortgaged land. In Zanzibar, the Land tenure Act of 1992 established that government can give the rights to occupation that are perpetual and transferable.

Land disputes in Tanzania are mostly due to the uncertainty of tenure caused by the occupation of lands that had been abandoned during the ‘villagization’ program and the occupation of these same lands. Therefore, conflicts are generally between people that occupied land and people returning to the land they historically held. Competition for natural resources, land use, village boundaries and the allocation of common resources, and access to development plans that deny access to land and resources for local communities are all sources of conflict. In Tanzania, both formal and informal tribunals are empowered to resolve land disputes according to Tanzania’s formal law. 

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    22 March 2017

     

    NYASHANA, Tanzania (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - As Tanzanian widow Ruth Zacharia raised her right arm to protect her skull from a volley of machete blows, her three attackers sliced through her hand.

    She fell to the floor; one leg slid into the kitchen fire.

    "They said: 'We have been sent by our mother because you killed our father so that you could buy that land'," the 63-year-old recalled, fidgeting with her stiff, scarred right hand.

    "I said: 'I am not a witch'... They started cutting me all over."

    By: Kizito Makoye Shigela

    Date: 19 December 2016

    Source: Eurasia Review

    Tanzania has adopted a new national land policy which, among others, lowers the ceiling under which foreign investors can lease land from the current 99 to 33 years.

    The new policy comes barely months after the East African nation embarked on a campaign to seize “idle” land and deter “rogue investors” from using it for speculative purposes.

    By: Sophie Tremblay & Willy Lowry

    Date: 4 January 2017

    Source: Pacific Standard

    Yaeda Valley in Tanzania is home to the Hadzabe, one of the last remaining hunter-gatherer tribes in the world, and they are using carbon trading to save their forests.

    YAEDA VALLEY, TANZANIA — “Carbon,” says Mzee Sinze while sitting in the shade of an ancient, giant Baobab tree. “Carbon is very important to us Hadzabe.”

    Latest Blog

    This map draws on Chinese infrastructure project location data from AidData and forest cover loss data from Hansen et al. (2013).

    Conservationists and environmental advocacy groups have warned that the nature, pace and scale of Chinese-funded infrastructure projects in the developing world may lead to unintended environmental consequences, especially in so-called “ecological hotspots.” Until now, there has been no systematic, large-scale evidence that confronts the causal claim that Chinese-funded development projects have

    The Sugar Rush in South Africa - land grabs, land rights, human rights, agriculture

    By Ian Scoones, Professorial Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, and the Director of the ESRC STEPS Centre at Sussex

    The expansion of sugar production in southern Africa has been dramatic. From its early beginnings in Natal to the huge commercial estates across the region established during the colonial era, new investments are being planned. The land rush in southern Africa is often a sugar rush, with the ‘white gold’ promising riches to governments, local elites and large corporates alike.

    Latest Events

    10 August 2017 to 11 August 2017

    Location

    Julius Nyerere Convention Centre Dar es Salaam
    Tanzania
    TZ

    The Institution of Surveyors of Tanzania (IST), The Tanzanian Institution of Valuers & Estate Surveyors (TIVEA)

    in collaboration with The Commonwealth Association of Surveying & Land Economy (CASLE)

    invite you to:- ‘An International Conference’

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 292
    Reports & Research
    May 2005

    The Land Rights Research and Resources Institute held its second National level Public Forum on land on 12-13 May 2005. The two day forum was partly one of the planned activities in the Institute’s three year Strategic plan and a special event to commemorate the Institute’s tenth Anniversary. It thus took place along with other activities such as Training of Trainers (TOT) workshop, preparation and running of a documentary on land rights advocacy, special media programmes, Special theatre performance by Dhahabu theatre arts Group and moving into a more specious office premise.

    Conference Papers & Reports
    July 2013

    This paper uses District Land and Housing Tribunal (DLHT) as a case study to argue that the principle conceived in the enactment of the law that established the tribunal is far from becoming a reality. It uses data of the past four years to demonstrate that DLHT is overburdened by increment of an average of 2000 pending cases every year. It further shows legal and practical challenges that hinder access to and independence of DLHT. The paper calls for drastic strategic measures to strengthen DLHT in terms of human resources and facilities.

    Conference Papers & Reports
    October 2012

    Contemporary waves of large scale land acquisitions for commercial production in developing countries in Africa and other parts of the world have been branded as ‘land grabs’ by many scholars, media and activists. Some scholars have describe this phenomena as the “new scramble for Africa” (Moyo and Yeros, 2011). However, others have refuted such a description on the grounds that the current land deals are being negotiated by sovereign African states in the exercise of powers that they have under national laws (Odhiambo, 2011).

    Conference Papers & Reports
    March 2014

    To ensure that there is sustainability at the community level in its land rights and governance training programme, Land Rights Research and Resources Institute (HAKIARDHI), a Tanzanian national level organization that spearheads land rights of small-scale producers, uses land rights monitors (LRMs) in its program areas. In each of the selected villages of the program districts, two LRMs (a man and a woman) who have received land rights training from HAKIARDHI are democratically elected by villagers.

    Conference Papers & Reports
    December 2005

    The land tenure system of Tanzania has passed through different historical milestones which form the basis for the analysis of the land tenure regime in general and tenure relations for land owners and users in particular in the past eight decades. The history dates back to 1923 when the British colonial legislative assembly enacted the Land Ordinance cap 113 to guide and regulate land use and ownership in Tanganyika which was their protectorate colony. Prior to this law, all the land in Tanzania was owned under customary tenure governed by clan and tribal traditions.