Tajikistan

TJK

Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a mountainous country whose population largely derives its livelihood from livestock and small agricultural farms. Tajikistan strongly depends on water for the irrigation of land, with approximately 70% of all farmland under irrigation.  74% of the population is rural, while 18% of the total GDP comes from agriculture.

The 1994 Constitution recognizes the state ownership over land and natural resources.  The Land Code of 1996 establishes the framework for land laws, providing rules to secure use and protection of land and recognizing the right to convey, mortgage and assign servitudes for land shares. Many aspects of social life are regulated by Islam and Sharia law, particularly in reference to the role of traditional non-formal leadership in Tajik communities.

Land disputes in Tajikistan should be resolved by formal courts, yet the majority of land related disputes are settled by the Land Committee, which is responsible for administration of land. Conflicts are particularly common along the borders with Kyrgyzstan, where the Tajik enjoyed almost free access to grazing land, but following the political tension between the two countries, borders were closed. As a result, the land available for livestock activities has diminished substantially.

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1000
    Reports & Research
    December 2010

    Land Tenure Working Paper 15. This publication brings to light the existing linkages between land tenure and the realization of the right to food. It points out that responsible governance of land requires the adoption of human rights-based approach in order to develop coherent and long term solutions to improve people’s livelihoods. The document presents the legal implications of the right to food at national level and provides a series of examples on the implementation of human rights principles and obligations into land tenure systems, policies, and institutional frameworks.

    Reports & Research
    December 2009

    Documento de trabajo sobre tenencia de la tierra 3. Este documento ofrece una reflexión sobre la situación, las políticas y las tendencias de la gobernanza en Europa Oriental y en la Comunidad de Estados Independientes (CEI). Este estudio realiza una evaluación sobre el estado de la gobernanza así como la capacidad de los diferentes países para contribuir a la elaboración de las Directrices de la FAO sobre gobernanza responsable de la tenencia de la tierra y otros recursos naturales. <strong>PDF Disponible solo en inglés</strong>

    Reports & Research
    November 2012

    The Emergency Irrigation Rehabilitation Project (EIRP)-UTF/AFG/035/AFG started in April 2004 and concluded in December 2011. The project was funded by the World Bank (WB) through one credit and three grants provided to the Government of Afghanistan (GoA) for implementation through the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW). The project is supported with technical assistance (TA) provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN).

    Reports & Research
    December 2006

    FAO has initiated a series of global and regional sector outlook studies to examine linkages between forests and societies and to indicate emerging opportunities and challenges. The Forestry Outlook Study for West and Central Asia (FOWECA) has considered these issues through an extended consultative process in 23 different national contexts in West and Central Asia.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2004

    FAO is conducting a series of regional and sub-regional workshops as part of the preparatory work for the country reporting to the Global Forest Resources Assessment update 2005 (FRA 2005). These regional workshops respond to requests made by many member countries during the global training session held at FAO Headquarters in Rome in November 2003.