Tajikistan

Tajikistan

English

Tajikistan is a mountainous country whose population largely derives its livelihood from livestock and small agricultural farms. Tajikistan strongly depends on water for the irrigation of land, with approximately 70% of all farmland under irrigation.  74% of the population is rural, while 18% of the total GDP comes from agriculture.

The 1994 Constitution recognizes the state ownership over land and natural resources.  The Land Code of 1996 establishes the framework for land laws, providing rules to secure use and protection of land and recognizing the right to convey, mortgage and assign servitudes for land shares. Many aspects of social life are regulated by Islam and Sharia law, particularly in reference to the role of traditional non-formal leadership in Tajik communities.

Land disputes in Tajikistan should be resolved by formal courts, yet the majority of land related disputes are settled by the Land Committee, which is responsible for administration of land. Conflicts are particularly common along the borders with Kyrgyzstan, where the Tajik enjoyed almost free access to grazing land, but following the political tension between the two countries, borders were closed. As a result, the land available for livestock activities has diminished substantially.

Source of the narrative

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

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Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

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Property Rights and Resource Governance Country Profile: Tajikistan

This resource is a USAID land tenure country profile that provides information on fundamental land tenure issues, including tenure types, legal frameworks, and land administration and institutions. This country profile is divided into the following sections: Summary/overview, Land, Freshwater, Trees and Forests, Minerals, and Data Sources.

Resource information

December 2010