Tajikistan is a mountainous country whose population largely derives its livelihood from livestock and small agricultural farms. Tajikistan strongly depends on water for the irrigation of land, with approximately 70% of all farmland under irrigation.  74% of the population is rural, while 18% of the total GDP comes from agriculture.

The 1994 Constitution recognizes the state ownership over land and natural resources.  The Land Code of 1996 establishes the framework for land laws, providing rules to secure use and protection of land and recognizing the right to convey, mortgage and assign servitudes for land shares. Many aspects of social life are regulated by Islam and Sharia law, particularly in reference to the role of traditional non-formal leadership in Tajik communities.

Land disputes in Tajikistan should be resolved by formal courts, yet the majority of land related disputes are settled by the Land Committee, which is responsible for administration of land. Conflicts are particularly common along the borders with Kyrgyzstan, where the Tajik enjoyed almost free access to grazing land, but following the political tension between the two countries, borders were closed. As a result, the land available for livestock activities has diminished substantially.

Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.




    Displaying 1 - 6 of 1007
    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016

    Agriculture is major sector in the economy of Central Asia. The sustainable use of agricultural land is therefore essential to economic growth, human well-being, social equity, and ecosystem services. However, salinization, erosion, and desertification cause severe land degradation which, in turn, degrade human health and ecosystem services. Here, we review the impact of agricultural land use in the five countries of Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, during 2008–2013 in 362 articles.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016

    The rangeland resources of Pakistan constitute around 60 percent of the land area of Pakistan. This resource supports millions of livestock which are important for the livelihood food security and nutrition of poor rural people. Currently the resource is in a deteriorating condition and the current productivity is far less than its potential. Therefore, the information collected and available in this book will help in the management of rangeland resources. The book contains rangelan- related information from all the provinces/region of the country.

    February 2016

    Agriculture is among the most risk-prone
    sectors in the economies of Central Asia. Production shocks
    from weather, pests and diseases and adverse movements in
    agricultural product and input prices not only impact
    farmers and agri-business firms, but can also strain
    government finances. Some of these risks are small and
    localized and can be managed by producers. Others are the
    result of more severe, exogenous shocks outside agriculture

    Journal Articles & Books
    February 2016

    As World leaders forged two new big deals in late 2015 – the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Climate Change Agreements – over 200 experts and technical officers working in fields related to land and water management, participated in the 3rd Land and Water Days held at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Headquarters in Rome, from 10 to 12 November 2015.

    National Policies
    January 2016

    The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) is a multi-sectoral planning instrument applicable at the national level and aiming at contributing to the protection of biodiversity in Botswana. The NBSAP vision was developed based on the principles of sustainable development, integrated conservation and development, equity across generations, and biodiversity as the foundation of life and livelihoods.