Thailand

THA

Thailand

The most prosperous country in the Mekong region, Thailand also has the longest-standing land policy and practices, including an uninterrupted tradition of private land ownership. The Land Code Promulgating Act was issued in 1954 and was most recently amended in 2008. This legal framework has remained essentially stable through a succession of varying political regimes, while the status of land has changed dramatically. In 1961, Thailand had 53% forest cover; by 2006, that had shrunk to 25%. Agricultural land expanded rapidly through forest clearance, then decreased through conversion to urban or commercial uses. In recent years, agricultural land has recovered, and now 43% of the country’s total area is used for farming. Increased population, the liberalization of land markets, and the growth of agribusinesses are among the factors affecting land ownership; there is a growing number of landless or land-poor farmers.

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Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    30 August 2017
    Thailand

    After decades of violent forest evictions, the Forest Department has announced it is making a U-turn to embrace the forest dwellers as partners in forest conservation. If you think this is too good to be true, you're absolutely correct.

    palm oil thailand
    9 August 2017
    Thailand

    Villagers of Klong Sai Pattana say palm oil company responsible for targeted killings and harassment of their community.

    Chai Buri District, Thailand - As he manoeuvred his pick-up truck along the dirt track leading to his village of Klong Sai Pattana one afternoon, Supot Kalasong, 42, heard a loud bang. He had been driving home after getting an oil-change in a nearby town and for a split second, he thought one of his tyres had exploded, burst by one of the sharp rocks on the path.

    2 August 2017
    Thailand

    What do you get from fighting for land rights in Thailand? You cannot ask Den Khamlae, 65, a prominent grassroots land rights activist. He mysteriously disappeared in a forest reserve near his rickety home in Chaiyaphum last year.

    Flickr Thailand agriculture
    1 August 2017
    Thailand

    KUALA LUMPUR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The United Nations urged Thailand on Tuesday to drop criminal cases against female activists who campaign for the rights of their communities, amid concerns they face increasing harassment.

    The call came after the wife of a prominent Thai land rights activist was jailed last week and a separate group of female activists who protested against a gold mining operation were indicted for breaching public assembly laws.

    Latest Blog

    Latest Events

    26 February 2017 to 28 February 2017

    Location

    Best Western Green Hill Yangon
    Myanmar
    MM
    South-Eastern Asia
    Cambodia
    Laos
    Myanmar
    Thailand
    Vietnam

    Over the last 30 years, the nation states in the Mekong region have taken steps to reform their land policy to facilitate the efforts to end poverty, create wealth and grow their economies. To do this most effectively in this modern age requires the leveraging of technical innovations and data.

    Debate

    Closed
    13 February 2017 to 27 February 2017
    Facilitators
    Natalia Scurrah
    Terry Parnell
    n.sorensen
    Cambodia
    Laos
    Myanmar
    Thailand
    Vietnam

    From 13-27 February 2017, the Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project and the Land Portal co-facilitated an online dialogue on the Recognition of Customary Tenure in the Mekong Region.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 43 - 48 of 480
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2015
    Indonesia
    Benin
    Cambodia
    Thailand
    Asia

    Thailand became a member of FAO in 1947 and a year later Bangkok was designated the provisional location for the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific – a decision that was formally approved in 1953. FAO has worked continuously with the Royal Thai Government through the Office of the National FAO Committee and the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. Over the last three decades, the country has contributed significantly to the Organization’s achievement of its mandate and has transitioned from being a recipient country to resource partner.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2015
    Bangladesh
    Switzerland
    United States of America
    Sri Lanka
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Republic of Korea
    Thailand
    Nepal
    Laos
    Philippines
    Malaysia
    Japan
    Myanmar
    Cambodia
    India
    Bhutan
    Vietnam
    Asia

    The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 13 September 2007. Since then, the importance of the role that indigenous peoples play in economic, social and environmental conservation through traditional sustainable agricultural practices has been gradually recognized.

    Reports & Research
    December 2015
    Fiji
    Bangladesh
    Peru
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Pakistan
    Thailand
    Nepal
    Philippines
    Singapore
    Malaysia
    Japan
    Myanmar
    Cambodia
    India
    Bhutan
    Maldives
    Papua New Guinea
    Mongolia
    Asia
    Oceania

    Almost every nation is now a signatory to the Convention on Climate Change. The first Conference of Parties (COP) was held in Berlin in 1995. Two decades since, we have come a long way, but we have yet to reach the ultimate objective of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations at a level that would end human-induced influence on the climate. While the COP negotiations are landmark events for humankind, many experts who work in the field and are not directly involved in the negotiations cannot claim to comprehend what is being discussed.

    Reports & Research
    December 2015
    Egypt
    Bangladesh
    Nepal
    Zambia
    Ghana
    Germany
    Burkina Faso
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Congo
    Ethiopia
    Niger
    Cameroon
    Thailand
    Mozambique
    South Africa
    Uganda
    Tanzania
    Syrian Arab Republic
    Cambodia
    India
    Sudan
    Kenya

    Based on a broad literature review, this publication discusses rural women’s time poverty in agriculture, elaborates on its possible causes and implications and provides insight into the various types of constraints that affect the adoption of solutions for reducing work burden. This paper raises questions about the adequacy of women’s access to technologies, services and infrastructure and about the control women have over their time, given their major contributions to agriculture.

    Reports & Research
    December 2015
    Global
    Bangladesh
    Bolivia
    Brazil
    Chile
    China
    Ethiopia
    Guatemala
    Indonesia
    Kenya
    Nigeria
    Philippines
    Thailand
    Uganda
    Zambia

    In this publication, the issue of tenure security is addressed and assessed in several countries where government, civil society, the private sector and development cooperation initiatives have been implemented for decades. The selected case studies from fifteen countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America ensure not only a eographic balance but they also represent countries with different socio-economic and land-related histories and that have followed different pathways. The studies’ key findings underline the still precarious state of tenure security in many countries.

    Reports & Research
    June 2015
    Asia
    Bangladesh
    Cambodia
    Indonesia
    Japan
    Kyrgyzstan
    Mongolia
    Myanmar
    Nepal
    Philippines
    Thailand
    Vietnam

    Youth is often the time when a person starts to dream of the future, think of the path to take and boldly and aggressively set his/her life in motion. In many rural villages, to be a farmer is not part of this dreamt future . Farming is a lowly job and does not earn, so better migrate to cities or abroad where there may be more opportunities and adventure. What will then be the future of agriculture and food without young farmers? No farmer, no food. No food, no life.