Thailand

THA

Thailand

The most prosperous country in the Mekong region, Thailand also has the longest-standing land policy and practices, including an uninterrupted tradition of private land ownership. The Land Code Promulgating Act was issued in 1954 and was most recently amended in 2008. This legal framework has remained essentially stable through a succession of varying political regimes, while the status of land has changed dramatically. In 1961, Thailand had 53% forest cover; by 2006, that had shrunk to 25%. Agricultural land expanded rapidly through forest clearance, then decreased through conversion to urban or commercial uses. In recent years, agricultural land has recovered, and now 43% of the country’s total area is used for farming. Increased population, the liberalization of land markets, and the growth of agribusinesses are among the factors affecting land ownership; there is a growing number of landless or land-poor farmers.

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Source of the narrative

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    30 August 2017
    Thailand

    After decades of violent forest evictions, the Forest Department has announced it is making a U-turn to embrace the forest dwellers as partners in forest conservation. If you think this is too good to be true, you're absolutely correct.

    palm oil thailand
    9 August 2017
    Thailand

    Villagers of Klong Sai Pattana say palm oil company responsible for targeted killings and harassment of their community.

    Chai Buri District, Thailand - As he manoeuvred his pick-up truck along the dirt track leading to his village of Klong Sai Pattana one afternoon, Supot Kalasong, 42, heard a loud bang. He had been driving home after getting an oil-change in a nearby town and for a split second, he thought one of his tyres had exploded, burst by one of the sharp rocks on the path.

    2 August 2017
    Thailand

    What do you get from fighting for land rights in Thailand? You cannot ask Den Khamlae, 65, a prominent grassroots land rights activist. He mysteriously disappeared in a forest reserve near his rickety home in Chaiyaphum last year.

    Flickr Thailand agriculture
    1 August 2017
    Thailand

    KUALA LUMPUR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The United Nations urged Thailand on Tuesday to drop criminal cases against female activists who campaign for the rights of their communities, amid concerns they face increasing harassment.

    The call came after the wife of a prominent Thai land rights activist was jailed last week and a separate group of female activists who protested against a gold mining operation were indicted for breaching public assembly laws.

    Latest Blog

    Latest Events

    26 February 2017 to 28 February 2017

    Location

    Best Western Green Hill Yangon
    Myanmar
    MM
    South-Eastern Asia
    Cambodia
    Laos
    Myanmar
    Thailand
    Vietnam

    Over the last 30 years, the nation states in the Mekong region have taken steps to reform their land policy to facilitate the efforts to end poverty, create wealth and grow their economies. To do this most effectively in this modern age requires the leveraging of technical innovations and data.

    Debate

    Closed
    13 February 2017 to 27 February 2017
    Facilitators
    Natalia Scurrah
    Terry Parnell
    n.sorensen
    Cambodia
    Laos
    Myanmar
    Thailand
    Vietnam

    From 13-27 February 2017, the Mekong Region Land Governance (MRLG) project and the Land Portal co-facilitated an online dialogue on the Recognition of Customary Tenure in the Mekong Region.

    Partners

    Library

    Displaying 37 - 42 of 480
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2015
    Cambodia
    Laos
    Myanmar
    Thailand
    Vietnam

    ABSTRACTED FROM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Half a decade into the global land rush, land-intensive investment throughout Southeast Asia continues to confront social and environmental issues such as land conflict and improperly regulated forest conversion. This study uses publicly available financial and spatial data to examine the geography of land-intensive investment in Southeast Asia, and to identify the limits imposed by problems with data availability.

    Reports & Research
    December 2015
    Indonesia
    Malaysia
    Philippines
    Singapore
    Thailand
    Brunei Darussalam
    Cambodia
    Laos
    Myanmar
    Vietnam
    China

    The April 2015 edition of Against the Grain -- a report by Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN) on laws and mechanisms in Asia that result in land transfer from independent farmers to larger entities.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2015
    Bangladesh
    Switzerland
    United States of America
    Mali
    Zimbabwe
    China
    Australia
    Canada
    Benin
    Malawi
    Thailand
    Jordan
    Philippines
    Uganda
    India
    Mexico
    Brazil

    В настоящем руководстве описано практическое применение предложенной ФАО модели устойчивой интенсификации растениеводства “Сохранить и приумножить” к возделыванию кукурузы, риса и пшеницы – культур, имеющих ключевое значение для продовольственной безопасности в мире.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2015
    Bangladesh
    Switzerland
    United States of America
    Mali
    Zimbabwe
    China
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Canada
    Benin
    Malawi
    Thailand
    Jordan
    Morocco
    Philippines
    India
    Mexico
    Brazil

    本指南阐述如何对世界粮食安全的几种主要作物, 即玉米、稻米和小麦 , 实际应用粮农组织的作物生产可持续集约化 "节约与增长" 模式 。书中列举非洲 、亚洲和拉丁美洲的事例 , 阐明以生态系统为基础的耕作系统如何帮助小农提高谷物单产 , 改善生计 , 减少对环境的压力 , 增强对气候变化的抵御能力 。本指南将成为决策者和发展工作者在实现全球向可持续粮食和农业转型过程中的宝贵参考手册。

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2015
    United States of America
    Dominican Republic
    Ukraine
    China
    Indonesia
    Australia
    Austria
    Guinea
    Pakistan
    Thailand
    Morocco
    Philippines
    South Africa
    Japan
    Haiti
    India
    South Sudan
    Sudan

    This double issue of Unasylva aims to tease out the complex interrelationship between forests, trees and disasters, and to examine the ways in which forests and trees can best be managed both to resist shocks and to protect from shocks. Forests and trees can act as natural buffers against disasters and shocks. They have a powerful role to play in protecting against disasters and in reducing their impact. Indeed, the long-term perspective implicit in sustainable forest management is also a valuable approach to planning for disaster risk reduction.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2015
    Mauritania
    Azerbaijan
    China
    Canada
    Russia
    Guyana
    Thailand
    Montenegro
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Philippines
    Turkey
    Kyrgyzstan
    Uzbekistan
    Italy
    Tanzania
    Kazakhstan
    Chad
    Tajikistan

    Electronic files of all major publications produced by FAO Forestry and the FO decentralized forestry units plus selected key publications from the same period produced by the FAO technical departments. The publication catalogue/CD-ROM/USB will be used to support knowledge sharing in forestry fields, commencing with the XIV World Forestry Congress in Durban, South Africa, in September 2015. FAO and the South African Government are co-organizers of the Congress.