Chad

Chad is the fifth largest African country, with a population of about 11 million people, 73% of them living in rural areas and 27% in urban areas. The country is rich in oil resources and in recent years it experienced an increase of revenues thanks to the oil production. However, Chad remains one of the poorest countries in Africa.

Three laws (Law Nos. 23, 24 and 25 of 1967) predominantly regulate land tenure in Chad following the principles of freehold tenure introduced during the colonial period. More recent regulations include Law No.7 of 2002, which gives more powers and rights to rural communities for the management of natural resources and Decree No. 215 2001, which provides for a National Land Observatory with the aim of resolving land related issues and develop new policies and legislation for improving the national land tenure system. The problem with these institutional regulations is that they are not widely disseminated among, which is one of the reasons why customary and Islamic laws regulates land access and use both in rural and urban areas

Access to scarce natural resources has generated fierce competition and conflict in Chad. Conflicts between ethnic groups are common, and often concern fight for control of wild plantations of gum arabic, which have been traditionally inherited and used for generations, which local sedentary groups have recently discovered. Land disputes between rural users are often settled at the local level by traditional leaders who apply customary law and use traditional conciliatory methods of dispute resolution.

Source

Indicators

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Compare countries

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT)


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Media

Latest News

Chad

Written by Thierry Berger and Lorenzo Cotula from IIED, this short report summarises comments and recommendations on the draft land Code in Chad (January 2014 version). In addition to an analysis of the draft Code in light of international trends, this note draws on earlier reports concerning the draft Code prepared by Tearfund partner Entente des Eglises et Missions Evangéliques au Tchad (EEMET) (2014) and by Tearfund (2015).

Chad

 

This research aims to critically evaluate the current draft of a new land code in Chad. In January 2014, the government of Chad presented Tearfund and four of Tearfund’s partners with a draft of the proposed new land code and requested constructive feedback. Research was undertaken in response to this request and is presented here.

 

Download Full Report

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Organizations

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Journal Articles & Books
December 2016
Mali
Senegal
Mauritania
Burkina Faso
Algeria
Niger
Nigeria
Chad
Sudan
South Sudan
Eritrea
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Ethiopia
Western Africa

Les études sur la transhumance ont souvent ciblé les pasteurs – notamment peuls – des zones sahéliennes. Pour en donner une autre perspective, la présente étude a été centrée sur les pratiques de la transhumance dans la zone soudano-sahélienne du Mali en intégrant la perception des agriculteurs et des pasteurs sédentaires concernés par la transhumance dans les zones d’accueil. Les scénarios envisageables pour le futur des systèmes pastoraux ont aussi été analysés. Les données ont été collectées à travers des groupes de discussion et des enquêtes individuelles.

Reports & Research
December 2016
Burkina Faso
Equatorial Guinea
Kenya
Burundi
Namibia
Swaziland
Tonga
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Congo
Cameroon
Rwanda
South Africa
Central African Republic
Botswana
Sao Tome and Principe
Chad
Gabon
Africa

Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/4.1
Session: Sess. 20

Reports & Research
December 2016
Mauritius
Kenya
Zambia
Gambia
Mali
Burundi
Germany
Guinea-Bissau
Swaziland
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Guinea
Sierra Leone
Ethiopia
Comoros
Cameroon
Rwanda
Tanzania
Senegal
Chad
Gabon

Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
Meeting symbol/code: CGRFA-16/17/Inf.11.1
Session: Sess. 16

Reports & Research
December 2016
France
Switzerland
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Malawi
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Morocco
Philippines
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Japan
Cambodia
Eritrea
Netherlands
India
Senegal
Chad
Bhutan
Malaysia
Czech Republic
Mongolia

Meeting Name: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)
Meeting symbol/code: CGRFA-16/17/15
Session: Sess.16

Journal Articles & Books
December 2016
Angola
Burkina Faso
Benin
Nigeria
Gambia
Chile
China
Indonesia
Ghana
Guinea
Malawi
Costa Rica
Liberia
Uganda
Madagascar
Tunisia
India
Senegal
Chad
Georgia
Vietnam
Asia
Africa
Americas

Los bosques y los árboles respaldan la agricultura sostenible. Estabilizan los suelos y el clima, regulan los flujos de agua, ofrecen sombra y refugio y proporcionan un hábitat a los polinizadores y los depredadores naturales de plagas agrícolas. Asimismo, contribuyen a la seguridad alimentaria de cientos de millones de personas, para quienes constituyen fuentes importantes de alimentos, energía e ingresos. Sin embargo, la agricultura sigue siendo el principal factor de la deforestación a nivel mundial y, a menudo, las políticas agrícolas, forestales y de tierras no casan.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2016
Nigeria
United States of America
Spain
Mali
Germany
China
Australia
Bolivia
Iran
Ethiopia
Niger
Cameroon
Kenya
Jordan
Morocco
Uganda
Italy
Tanzania
India
Chad
Lebanon
Romania
Mongolia

The Technical Guide on Pastoralism builds on a number of initiatives and studies from recent years that have shone a light on pastoral governance and land tenure: on the inherent challenges pastoralists face, the shortcomings of governments in securing pastoral tenure, and the emerging examples of success and progress from around the world. This Technical Guide provides solutions to securing pastoral governance and tenure without undermining the inherent, necessary complexity of customary arrangements.