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The source of this link is Constitute. The Constitute Project provides the World's constitutions (in English) to read, search and compare.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and other development partners are working together with countries to prepare Voluntary Guidelines that will provide practical guidance to states, civil society, the private sector, donors and development specialists on the responsible governance of tenure. By setting out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices, the Voluntary Guidelines will provide a framework and point of reference that stakeholders can use when developing their own policies and actions.
The present paper gives an overview of the survey of LUCAS points in Slovakia. The Land Use/Cover Area frame Statistical survey was designed to collect agricultural, environmental data and photographs by field observation of a specific geographically referenced point. LUCAS 2006 survey in the Slovak Republic was carried out by a Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute (SSCRI).The survey of 3 392 points was organized from the 21st of March till 16th of July. The measurements were carried out by 7teams (in pairs). All points had to be visited, measured with GPS and documented.
The agricultural land market in Slovakia has noted an increased dynamics recently. This situation is the result of entering big foreign investors, particularly car factories which bought agricultural land for construction purposes. It resulted in the raised prices of plots. Agricultural land prices sold for further agricultural use are markedly lower from those in the EU-15. Such prices are the third lowest ones within the new EU member countries.
Economic aspects of land market in Slovakia were studied in two different regions, characterized by different soil and natural conditions. Two groups of Slovak land owners were analysed. The first group consisted of 412 private farmers with 43.2 ha of agricultural land (LA) per farm on average, the second one of 150 big enterprises such as cooperatives with 1,866 ha of LA on average. In addition, some facts about land markets in Bulgaria, Latvia, Poland, Romania and Ukraine are presented in this article.
As long as the land market in Slovakia is not completely developed and land market prices introduced, the officially assigned land prices are practically in use. At the present time, land prices should express the supply prices, which cover the income effect of the land site under the socially necessary costs. Thus, centrally assigned fixed land prices could represent the effective prices in this transient period. Official prices are actually also used for fiscal purposes and to solve land property rights.