South Sudan

Since its independence from Sudan in 2011, the new state of South Sudan is experiencing political and economic instability. The country is made up of 10 states with a population of roughly 10 million people, while 3 million people migrated to neighboring countries. The economy of the country is largely based on oil exports that account for 71% of the total GDP. Three-quarters of the population relies on farming and pastoralism.

The Transitional Constitution of 2011 establishes that all land is owned by the people of South Sudan, giving the government responsibility for the regulation of land tenure and exercise of land rights. According to the Constitution, all levels of government incorporate customary rights and practices into their policies and strategies. Consequently, three Acts have been passed: the Land Act, which recognizes rights to customary, public and private land; the Local Government Act, which gives the power to local government and traditional authorities to regulate and manage land; and the Investment Promotion Act, which sets the procedures for private investments. However, the majority of the population is unaware the laws or the rights they infer. As a result, customary laws and practices continue to govern the access, use and allocation of land.

The civil war in South Sudan was mainly caused by the need for self-determination, unequal development and control’s of the country’s natural resources. After the signing of the peace agreement, land disputes continued to increase due to the uncertainty of borders and to the unequal access to land and natural resources. In this regard, the government has tried to empower local institutions to act as mediators in land disputes, but the lack of clear rules and regulations prevents the actual resolution of disputes related to land. 

Source

Indicators

Total spending for agricultural reserch measured measured as a share of the value added from agriculture, forestry and fishing activities

Measurement unit
Percentage

Distribution of agricultural holders by sex (female - Share %) according to the FAO Land and Gender Database.

Measurement unit
Percentage

GDP per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP). PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

Measurement unit
PPP$ 2011

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Total funding for programmes still ongoing in January 2016 (US $).

Measurement unit
US$ (Current)

Total number of programmes still ongoing in January 2016

Measurement unit
Number

Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

Measurement unit
Number

Rural population refers to the share (%) of people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ratio between Urban Population and Total Population.

Measurement unit
Percentage

Mapping

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Arable land (1'000 Ha) is the land under temporary agricultural crops (multiple-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit
1'000 Ha

Land area is the total area (1'000 Ha) of the country excluding area under inland water bodies.

Permanent crops (1'000 Ha) - land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Permanent meadows and pastures - land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).

Measurement unit
1000 Ha

Infographics

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT)


Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parties indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.

Media

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By: Paola Totaro
Date: August 9th 2016
Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

South Sudan

By: ST
Date: March 16th 2016
Source: Sudan Tribune

March 16, 2016 (JUBA) - South Sudan’s national army, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), has distanced itself from reports charging that some of its soldiers and officers have been grabbing land in and around Juba in a manner indicative of the practice having become an official policy of the government and the army.

South Sudan

By Ajo Noel Julious K.

Land in South Sudan is a prickly thing, complicated even further by the confusion associated with legal land ownership. The parallels and discrepancies between provisions in the laws and practice on the ground have driven the confusion. The absence of sound government policy on land ownership has made it even worse.

Organizations

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 420
Reports & Research
July 2017
Africa
Sudan
South Sudan

 The Abyei Administrative Area (AAA) is a contested zone located on the central border between South Sudan and Sudan. Its status has remained unresolved since South Sudan seceded from Sudan in 2011, and the governments failed to agree on the border division. A United Nations peacekeeping mission, the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), has since monitored the situation. It is entrusted with overseeing demilitarisation and maintaining security in the area.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2016
Mali
Senegal
Mauritania
Burkina Faso
Algeria
Niger
Nigeria
Chad
Sudan
South Sudan
Eritrea
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Ethiopia
Western Africa

Les études sur la transhumance ont souvent ciblé les pasteurs – notamment peuls – des zones sahéliennes. Pour en donner une autre perspective, la présente étude a été centrée sur les pratiques de la transhumance dans la zone soudano-sahélienne du Mali en intégrant la perception des agriculteurs et des pasteurs sédentaires concernés par la transhumance dans les zones d’accueil. Les scénarios envisageables pour le futur des systèmes pastoraux ont aussi été analysés. Les données ont été collectées à travers des groupes de discussion et des enquêtes individuelles.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2016
Switzerland
Zambia
Germany
Madagascar
Tanzania
Australia
United Kingdom
Ghana
South Sudan
Sierra Leone
Ethiopia
Italy
Canada
Netherlands

تقرّ الخطوط التوجيهية الطوعية بشأن الحوكمة المسؤولة لحيازة الأراضي، ومصايد الأسماك، والغابات، في سياق الأمن الغذائي الوطني بأنّ الاستثمارات المسؤولة التي ينفّذها القطاعان العام والخاص أساسية لتحسين الأمن الغذائي، وتدعو إلى استثمارات تصون مستخدمي الأراضي ومالكيها من خطر نزع ملكيتهم لحقوق الحيازة المشروعة. ويوفّر هذا الدليل الفني توجيهات مفصّلة للسلطات الحكومية المنخرطة في جهود تشجيع الاستثمارات والموافقة عليها ورصدها في جميع مراحل دورة الاستثمار، بشأن الإجراءات التي يمكن اتخاذها لإرساء بيئة مؤاتية للاستثمارات المسؤولة والمستدامة.

Reports & Research
December 2016
Kenya
Libya
Uganda
Mali
Somalia
Tanzania
South Sudan
Ethiopia
Cameroon
Africa

Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/Inf.1
Session: Sess. 20

Policy Papers & Briefs
December 2016
Serbia
Afghanistan
Slovakia
United States of America
Croatia
Ukraine
Belarus
Bulgaria
Romania
Kenya
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hungary
Moldova
Albania
Italy
South Sudan
Georgia
Montenegro
Europe

Slovakia joined the Organization in 1993. During the 1990s FAO assistance in the country was focused mainly on forestry and integrated pest management (IPM). The Organization also provided technical support for the development and harmonization of national policies, particularly in the area of forestry and agriculture. Today Slovakia is a resource partner, providing support to a number of activities in the areas of FAO’s mandate, including forestry and food safety.