South Sudan

SSD

South Sudan

Since its independence from Sudan in 2011, the new state of South Sudan is experiencing political and economic instability. The country is made up of 10 states with a population of roughly 10 million people, while 3 million people migrated to neighboring countries. The economy of the country is largely based on oil exports that account for 71% of the total GDP. Three-quarters of the population relies on farming and pastoralism.

The Transitional Constitution of 2011 establishes that all land is owned by the people of South Sudan, giving the government responsibility for the regulation of land tenure and exercise of land rights. According to the Constitution, all levels of government incorporate customary rights and practices into their policies and strategies. Consequently, three Acts have been passed: the Land Act, which recognizes rights to customary, public and private land; the Local Government Act, which gives the power to local government and traditional authorities to regulate and manage land; and the Investment Promotion Act, which sets the procedures for private investments. However, the majority of the population is unaware the laws or the rights they infer. As a result, customary laws and practices continue to govern the access, use and allocation of land.

The civil war in South Sudan was mainly caused by the need for self-determination, unequal development and control’s of the country’s natural resources. After the signing of the peace agreement, land disputes continued to increase due to the uncertainty of borders and to the unequal access to land and natural resources. In this regard, the government has tried to empower local institutions to act as mediators in land disputes, but the lack of clear rules and regulations prevents the actual resolution of disputes related to land. 

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
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    • Not adopted
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

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    By: Paola Totaro
    Date: August 9th 2016
    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation

    South Sudan

    By: ST
    Date: March 16th 2016
    Source: Sudan Tribune

    March 16, 2016 (JUBA) - South Sudan’s national army, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), has distanced itself from reports charging that some of its soldiers and officers have been grabbing land in and around Juba in a manner indicative of the practice having become an official policy of the government and the army.

    South Sudan

    By Ajo Noel Julious K.

    Land in South Sudan is a prickly thing, complicated even further by the confusion associated with legal land ownership. The parallels and discrepancies between provisions in the laws and practice on the ground have driven the confusion. The absence of sound government policy on land ownership has made it even worse.

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 410
    Reports & Research
    July 2017
    Africa
    Sudan
    South Sudan

     The Abyei Administrative Area (AAA) is a contested zone located on the central border between South Sudan and Sudan. Its status has remained unresolved since South Sudan seceded from Sudan in 2011, and the governments failed to agree on the border division. A United Nations peacekeeping mission, the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), has since monitored the situation. It is entrusted with overseeing demilitarisation and maintaining security in the area.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Switzerland
    Zambia
    Germany
    Madagascar
    Tanzania
    Australia
    United Kingdom
    Ghana
    South Sudan
    Sierra Leone
    Ethiopia
    Italy
    Canada
    Netherlands

    تقرّ الخطوط التوجيهية الطوعية بشأن الحوكمة المسؤولة لحيازة الأراضي، ومصايد الأسماك، والغابات، في سياق الأمن الغذائي الوطني بأنّ الاستثمارات المسؤولة التي ينفّذها القطاعان العام والخاص أساسية لتحسين الأمن الغذائي، وتدعو إلى استثمارات تصون مستخدمي الأراضي ومالكيها من خطر نزع ملكيتهم لحقوق الحيازة المشروعة. ويوفّر هذا الدليل الفني توجيهات مفصّلة للسلطات الحكومية المنخرطة في جهود تشجيع الاستثمارات والموافقة عليها ورصدها في جميع مراحل دورة الاستثمار، بشأن الإجراءات التي يمكن اتخاذها لإرساء بيئة مؤاتية للاستثمارات المسؤولة والمستدامة.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Kenya
    Libya
    Uganda
    Mali
    Somalia
    Tanzania
    South Sudan
    Ethiopia
    Cameroon
    Africa

    Meeting Name: African Forestry and Wildlife Commission
    Meeting symbol/code: FO:AFWC/2016/Inf.1
    Session: Sess. 20

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December 2016
    Serbia
    Afghanistan
    Slovakia
    United States of America
    Croatia
    Ukraine
    Belarus
    Bulgaria
    Romania
    Kenya
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Hungary
    Moldova
    Albania
    Italy
    South Sudan
    Georgia
    Montenegro
    Europe

    Slovakia joined the Organization in 1993. During the 1990s FAO assistance in the country was focused mainly on forestry and integrated pest management (IPM). The Organization also provided technical support for the development and harmonization of national policies, particularly in the area of forestry and agriculture. Today Slovakia is a resource partner, providing support to a number of activities in the areas of FAO’s mandate, including forestry and food safety.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Angola
    Mozambique
    Liberia
    Kenya
    South Africa
    Uganda
    South Sudan
    Sudan
    Ethiopia

    This note focuses on the topic of access to land and land governance in protracted crises, providing some possible solutions illustrated by case studies from FAO interventions in such contexts. Protracted crisis represent a signal of alert on the fact that approaches proposed so far where not enough to deal with such a complexity. This is why a renewed thinking is needed, based on the concrete observations of local dynamics, making an effort to understand the positions and interests of the many diverse parties involved and moving out from a sectorial vision, towards a more holistic one.