El Salvador

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El Salvador

El Salvador is a small, densely populated country that experienced a decade of civil war, after which a process of development ensued, including the diversification of exports and increasing access to services such as education and health care. In El Salvador, 82% of the land is considered agricultural, with 39% of the population living in rural areas. Ten percent of the population is indigenous.

The Constitution recognizes the right to property for every person and guarantees free disposition of their land. In addition, the Constitution states that foreigners are allowed to buy urban land but cannot acquire rural land, except for industrial purposes. The Civil Code provides the legal framework for land, Decree 153 of 1980 initiated the Agrarian Reforms and Decree 152 and 207 specified the type and size of farms that were redistributed.  El Salvador does not recognize specific rights for indigenous peoples, and the government has made little effort in regard to the recognition of indigenous land claims.

Disputes over land were among the causes for the civil war in El Salvador. Disputes are generally related to ownership or boundaries, and are resolved primarily through the land registry system of civil courts. 

Source of the narrative

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    1 March 2017
    El Salvador

    In El Salvador, where land ownership still remains a barrier for women, a rural women’s cooperative paves the way for income, access to public services and legal support. A child care facility run by the women enable them to work outside their homes.

    Mercedes Sanchez de Garcia tenses when she remembers how her husband would stop her from participating in the women’s association of Las Piedritas, in a rural district in the eastern part of El Salvador: “’You’re not going there,’ he told me. ‘You have to look after the children. That’s what you’re here for.’”

    Latest Blog

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    By Rachel Crome, Digital editor at Amnesty International

    If there’s one thing we learned from January’s historic Women’s March, it’s that women are fed up of waiting. More than 3 million people – of all genders – marched worldwide for women’s rights, spurred on by US President Donald Trump’s misogynistic remarks and the growing backlash against women’s human rights around the world.

    Partners

    Secretaría General Iberoamericana

    SESGIB

    Organización Intereclesiástica para la Cooperación al Desarrollo Centroamérica

    ICCO

    Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe

    SELA

    Cooperativa Sulá Batsú

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 142
    Reports & Research
    December 2006

    This training manual focuses on how to manage and resolve conflicts over land tenure rights, security of tenure and land access in the field of rural development. It results from complementary activities undertaken within FAO's Livelihood Support Programme (LSP) and the Land Tenure and Management Unit and with the International Land Coalition. It addresses the specific issues of land tenure identified in the volume Negotiation and Mediation Techniques for Natural Resource Management published by the LSP.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2012

    Los programas de atención a la reducción de emisiones provenientes de la deforestación o degradación de los ecosistemas, como es el caso de REDD+ y otros programas de incentivos forestales como son los pagos por servicios ambientales (PSA), podrían constituir una oportunidad para el fortalecimiento de los procesos de conservación, aprovechamiento sustentable y reducción de la pobreza en la región mesoamericana, y en particular en los territorios y comunidades indígenas.

    Journal Articles & Books
    October 2005

    El marco político para la gestión forestal es un proceso dinámico de renovación e innovación. Nuevas actitudes públicas hacia el bosque y el desarrollo forestal y nuevos actores políticos presionan por un mayor énfasis en la importancia ambiental y social y por más participación en las decisiones de gestión. El desarrollo sostenible es el principio global de la silvicultura. Políticas transversales y redes políticas de nivel múltiple determinan el uso y la protección de los bosques tanto a nivel nacional como local.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2003

    The present paper is a non-academic and thus, hopefully, unpretentious, attempt at reviewing the literature on the the role of local institutions and their interaction in disaster risk mitigation (DRM). What will be found on the following pages is a non-exhaustive compendium of strengths and limitations of local institutions involved in DRM and some suggestions for tapping the former and tackling the latter.