El Salvador

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El Salvador

El Salvador is a small, densely populated country that experienced a decade of civil war, after which a process of development ensued, including the diversification of exports and increasing access to services such as education and health care. In El Salvador, 82% of the land is considered agricultural, with 39% of the population living in rural areas. Ten percent of the population is indigenous.

The Constitution recognizes the right to property for every person and guarantees free disposition of their land. In addition, the Constitution states that foreigners are allowed to buy urban land but cannot acquire rural land, except for industrial purposes. The Civil Code provides the legal framework for land, Decree 153 of 1980 initiated the Agrarian Reforms and Decree 152 and 207 specified the type and size of farms that were redistributed.  El Salvador does not recognize specific rights for indigenous peoples, and the government has made little effort in regard to the recognition of indigenous land claims.

Disputes over land were among the causes for the civil war in El Salvador. Disputes are generally related to ownership or boundaries, and are resolved primarily through the land registry system of civil courts. 

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
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    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    1 March 2017
    El Salvador

    In El Salvador, where land ownership still remains a barrier for women, a rural women’s cooperative paves the way for income, access to public services and legal support. A child care facility run by the women enable them to work outside their homes.

    Mercedes Sanchez de Garcia tenses when she remembers how her husband would stop her from participating in the women’s association of Las Piedritas, in a rural district in the eastern part of El Salvador: “’You’re not going there,’ he told me. ‘You have to look after the children. That’s what you’re here for.’”

    Latest Blog

    Global
    South America
    Afghanistan
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    El Salvador
    Norway
    United Arab Emirates

    By Rachel Crome, Digital editor at Amnesty International

    If there’s one thing we learned from January’s historic Women’s March, it’s that women are fed up of waiting. More than 3 million people – of all genders – marched worldwide for women’s rights, spurred on by US President Donald Trump’s misogynistic remarks and the growing backlash against women’s human rights around the world.

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    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 147
    Securing Forest Tenure Rights for Rural Development: Lessons from Six Countries in Latin America cover image
    Journal Articles & Books
    March 2017
    Latin America and the Caribbean
    El Salvador
    Honduras
    Nicaragua
    Argentina
    Colombia
    Peru

    Secure land tenure in rural landscapes is widely recognized as an essential foundation for achieving a range of economic development goals. However, forest areas in low and middle-income countries face particular challenges in strengthening the security of land and resource tenure. Forest peoples are often among the poorest and most politically marginalized communities in their national contexts, and their tenure systems are often based on customary, collective rights that have insufficient formal legal protection.

    Journal Articles & Books
    December 2016
    Argentina
    Dominican Republic
    El Salvador

    Las mujeres rurales de América Latina enfrentan aún graves dificultades en la tenencia de la tierra, lo que las mantiene en una situación de vulnerabilidad, pese a su peso creciente en la producción de alimentos y la seguridad alimentaria.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Chile
    Dominican Republic
    Ecuador
    Guatemala
    Mexico
    Nicaragua
    Paraguay
    El Salvador

    Una de las mayores trabas que obstaculizan el aumento de la productividad agrícola y los ingresos de la mujer rural es su falta de seguridad en materia de propiedad o tenencia. La tenencia de la tierra implica un conjunto de derechos que, sobre ésta, posee una persona o una organización. La seguridad de estos derechos no se limita a la propiedad privada; abarca varias formas como arriendo de la tierra pública o derecho del usuario a la propiedad comunal.

    Multimedia
    December 2016
    Honduras
    Panama
    Peru
    El Salvador

    Durante el 159 período de sesiones de la CIDH que se celebra en Panamá del 29 de noviembre al 7 de diciembre de 2016, mujeres de distintos países de América Latina presentan en varias audiencias denuncias sobre violaciones de derechos sobre sus vidas y territorios.Casos como el asesinato de Berta Cáceres en Honduras, el hostigamiento y amenazas a Máxima Acuña en Perú o las Mujeres indígenas de la Selva peruana afectadas por actividades petroleras serán tratados tanto en audiencias públicas como en reuniones de trabajo.

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Honduras
    Nicaragua
    El Salvador
    Samoa
    Guatemala
    Cuba
    Costa Rica
    Mexico
    Panama

    Meeting Name: FAO Regional Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean (LARC)
    Meeting symbol/code: LARC/16/4
    Session: Sess. 34

    Reports & Research
    December 2016
    Angola
    Burkina Faso
    Bangladesh
    Honduras
    Iran
    Iraq
    El Salvador
    Afghanistan
    Burundi
    France
    Guatemala
    Canada
    Congo
    Guyana
    Costa Rica
    Kenya
    Ghana
    Lesotho
    Madagascar
    Botswana
    Gabon
    Cuba

    Meeting Name: FAO Committee on Forestry
    Meeting symbol/code: COFO 2016/REP
    Session: Sess. 23