Senegal

Senegal

English

After achieving independence in 1960, Senegal experienced several years of economic growth, mostly based on agricultural resources and increases in productivity. Senegal has a population of about 12 million people; 58% of the population is rural, but the majority of people living in rural areas are poor. Although 60% of the population works in the agricultural sector, agriculture accounts for only 15% of the total GDP of the country.

The Constitution of 2001 recognizes economic and social rights, including the right to own property for every citizen. The National Domain Law was intended to limit the influence of ethnic and religious hierarchies; it encourages a more productive use of land and the creation of better condition for agricultural exports, while also giving control over land to decentralized government bodies. The Rural Community Law of 1972 established the structure for rural councils, which have the authority to allocate use rights to land and the criteria for the improvement of production-based on local development plans. Despite several other land laws that have been passed, land access and use is primarily regulated by customary law that generally tends to favor elites.

Consequently, land disputes are increasingly common in Senegal. Additionally, open access rules and practices on public land lead to a situation in which everyone is entitled to use land without any consideration of the damages that may result. Mechanisms for dispute resolution include formal and customary procedures as well as alternative systems, such as arbitration boards and municipal councils. 

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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  • Very Good Practice
  • Good Practice
  • Weak Practice
  • Very Weak Practice
  • Missing Value

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
  • Fully adopt
  • Partially adopt
  • Not adopted
  • Missing Value

Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

Media

Latest News

Women lead battle to save Senegal’s shrinking farmland

By: Nellie Peyton

Date: 1 February 2017

Source: Manitoba Co-Operator

Female-led work is vital to rural communities in Senegal — now women are organizing 
to lead the fight against multinational agribusiness.

The women of Thiamene, a tiny straw hut village in northern Senegal, used to scrape together a living by collecting wild baobab fruit and selling milk from their cows.

Learning Route: "Mechanisms and innovative tools to promote inclusive agricultural value chains: experiences of Senegal"

PROCASUR and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) are pleased to announce a Learning Route initiative on inclusive agricultural value chains which will take place in West and Central Africa, as part of the "Strengthening capacities and tools for scaling and disseminating innovations", implemented by PROCASUR and financed by IFAD.
 

Senegal airport row shows land right tensions in West Africa

The piles of concrete and twisted metal in the Tobago neighbourhood beside Dakar's international airport were home to Senegalese families until bulldozers arrived last month without warning.

A line of six homes remain, given a reprieve until the end of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Looking at the rubble of their former homes, the head of the residents' association says he does not believe the government's explanation that the houses were a security risk.

After all, said Daouda Mbengue, the airport was due to move to a new site outside Dakar next year.

Latest Events

Library

Displaying 1 - 6 of 47

From Risk and Conflict to Peace and Prosperity

Amid the realities of major political turbulence, there was growing recognition in 2016 that the land rights of Indigenous Peoples and local communities are key to ensuring peace and prosperity, economic development, sound investment, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. Despite equivocation by governments, a critical mass of influential investors and companies now recognize the market rationale for respecting community land rights.

Resource information

February 2017

Women and Land: Securing Rights for Better Lives - Women and Land. Securing Rights for Better Lives

"This book focuses on recent findings from sub Saharan Africa on women and land. It finds:
• Participation-oriented research methods are much more likely to bring about immediate benefits than other, more traditional research methods.
• Merely passing legislation is of little effect without the necessary resources for implementation, without informing and educating all relevant actors on the provisions of the legislation, without monitoring the reforms, and without effective sanctions on failure to implement.

Resource information

December 2011