SDN

Sudan

Sudan

English

Several conflicts in Sudan have prevented its development and caused massive population displacement. One third of Sudan is classified as desert, 60% of its total population is rural and 31% of its GDP derives from agriculture. Agricultural land continues to represent an important resource, especially since the independence of South Sudan, where the majority of oil reserves are found.

The Interim National Constitution does not specifically recognize land rights and ownership, but it calls for the establishment of a National Land Commission to guide the development of a land policy, the creation of mechanisms for dispute resolution and the recognition of customary rights. The Land Resettlement and Registration Act establishes land settlement and registration of rights, and the Civil Transaction Act of 1984 provides the state with the ownership of unregistered land as well as the authority over land transactions, transfers, inheritance and usufruct rights. In addition, the Local Government Act of 1998 assigns the management and administration of land to local authorities.

Despite the end of the civil war, Sudan continues to experience internal conflicts, many of which are related to the management of natural resources, particularly oil and land, border demarcation and government expropriation of land. In the majority of cases, land disputes are resolved by traditional institutions and customary courts.

Source of the narrative

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Indicators

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Infographics

Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    Legend
    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.

    Media

    Latest News

    Saudi agricultural investment abroad - land grab or benign strategy?

    By: Kieran Cooke
    Date: October 5th 2016
    Source: Middle East Eye

    After food costs spike, Saudis spent billions buying up farm land around the world. Who benefits exactly and can the spree continue?

    hey control rice farms in Ethiopia, Sudan and the Philippines, cattle ranches in California and Arizona, wheat fields in Ukraine and Poland, ranches in Argentina and Brazil and shrimp producers in Mauritania.

    A girl farms the land during the rainy season outside Gereida, Sudan, July 25, 2012. (photo by REUTERS/Albert Gonzalez Farran/UNAMID)  Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/ja/originals/2015/08/egypt-sudan-agriculture-irrigation-cooperation-blue-nile

    Egypt plans to raise crops in sub-Saharan Africa

    CAIRO — Amid Egypt’s water scarcity, which threatens to worsen the country’s food shortage, Cairo is working to form agricultural alliances outside its borders. The efforts — which have been in place as limited experiments since the 1980s under Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak — include sending Egyptian farmers to cultivate land in Sudan and Congo, transfer their expertise to those countries and take advantage of the available water to cover the food needs of the Egyptian people.

    Library

    Displaying 1 - 6 of 44

    Regional aspects - Desertification in the Middle East and North Africa. Warning signs for a global future?

    Desertification is nowhere more serious than in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), stretching from Pakistan in the east to Morocco in the west, and from Ethiopia and Sudan in the south to Turkey in the north. Yet, many MENA countries have successfully rehabilitated large areas. Concerted efforts can indeed stop and even reverse desertification, though their long-term success will depend on how well they manage their limited water resources.

    A view from the North. Rural areas in 2016: Vibrant or vacant?

    Two images have dominated the northern media in recent months.The first is of desolation in remote, rural areas in Africa affected by drought, conflict or famine, such as in Somalia, northern Kenya or Darfur, Sudan. The second is a different kind of desolation - that of urban squalor as portrayed in the film «The Constant Gardener». Nairobi's Kibera, which provides a backdrop for the film, is a bustling shantytown with a population of ca.