Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

Loading data ...

Compare countries


Loading data ...


Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

Please, select year and panels to show the info.

    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen. The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News


    Displaying 1 - 6 of 918

    Russia : Financial Sector Assessment

    This Financial Sector Assessment (FSA)
    is a summary of some of the findings of the Financial Sector
    Assessment Program (FSAP) report for the Russian Federation,
    which was prepared jointly by the International Monetary
    Fund (IMF) and the Bank in close cooperation with the
    Russian authorities. Given the small size of the financial
    sector, the effects of a potential financial sector distress
    on the macro-economy would be relatively small. However,

    Resource information

    July 2013

    Food and Agricultural Policy in Russia : Progress to Date and the Road Forward

    The overall finding of this report is
    that much agricultural policy is made at the regional level,
    and here the explicit price, and trade policy distortions
    are significantly worse than at the federal level. The
    result is patchwork of inconsistent policies, that has
    fragmented the Russian national market. The most serious
    policy issues at the federal level, are in the legal
    framework, the continued state domination of some markets,

    Resource information

    June 2013

    Mine Closure and its Impact on the Community : Five Years After Mine Closure in Romania, Russia and Ukraine

    Against the backdrop of economic
    transition, several countries in Eastern Europe have
    undertaken far-reaching programs to restructure their coal
    sectors, which in the 1990s were in a state of deep crisis.
    One aspect of restructuring has been the closure of
    loss-making mines, which are often located in communities
    where the coal industry is the dominant employer, and the
    significant downsizing of the workforce. Mitigation efforts

    Resource information

    May 2014

    Can Russia Complete?

    Russian economy has been growing at an
    average nominal rate of 6 percent annually for the past
    decade. Among the most important factors contributing to its
    expansion has been the skyrocketing cost of oil and gas. In
    2000, when Vladimir Putin took office, the cost of oil was
    approximately $20 a barrel; at the end of his term, it was
    five times higher. Meanwhile, the competitiveness of Russian
    enterprises has become increasingly fragile because of the

    Resource information

    September 2013