Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


Indicators Year Value Unit Dataset Source Remove

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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators of this dataset assess national laws against Section 16 of the VGGT standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in the VGGTs.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    November 10th 2015

    By: Romanian insider

    Foreign investors have come up to control as much as 40% of Romania’s arable land, according to a recent study made by the Transnational Institute for the European Parliament.

    The study, which focuses on how much land in Europe has been bought by non-EU investors, shows that Romania is among the countries that have sold some of the largest surfaces to foreigners.


    Displaying 1 - 6 of 36
    May 2014

    Against the backdrop of economic
    transition, several countries in Eastern Europe have
    undertaken far-reaching programs to restructure their coal
    sectors, which in the 1990s were in a state of deep crisis.
    One aspect of restructuring has been the closure of
    loss-making mines, which are often located in communities
    where the coal industry is the dominant employer, and the
    significant downsizing of the workforce. Mitigation efforts

    July 2013

    This poverty assessment for Romania
    covers the period from 1995 to 2002, since the last World
    Bank poverty analysis reviewed the evolution of poverty from
    1989 to 1994, the early years of transition from a socialist
    to a market economy. This assessment's objective is to
    understand how poverty has evolved and how economic growth
    and social protection programs, 10 percent of GDP, have
    affected poverty, as Romania prepares for accession to the

    September 2013

    This Country Economic Memorandum (CEM)
    looks at the broad reform program, including institutional,
    governance, and economic restructuring reforms Romania is
    pursuing, which are anchored in its process for accession to
    the European Union (EU). The challenge is to expand
    integration with the EU more broadly throughout the economy,
    by relying on market driven mechanisms in a predictable
    rules-based policy environment, with the state sharply