In Paraguay, land is still a factor that determines the living conditions of a majority of the population. Current land tenure is characterized by a huge concentration of land being put in the hands of a small group of landowners. This unequal distribution of land is the result of a long and contentious history that has caused the dispossession and uprooting of thousands of men and women in the countryside. Meanwhile, others have managed to remain in their communities through enormous sacrifice and willpower.

The factors that caused this complex and system of land tenure are multiple. One of them is legislation regarding land ownership and access for the peasant and indigenous populations. However, it is important to mention that the current legislation has positive and negative characteristics. What aggravates the rural population’s situation is the way in which these laws are applied in practice by relevant agencies, where in certain respects they are rigorously enforced while in others the laws only exists on paper, as they are systematically violated to the detriment of peasants and indigenous people.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    6 February 2017

    Date: 4 February 2017

    Source: Radio Mundo Real

    The main conflicts in Paraguay are related to land and the territory, and peasant women are at the forefront of evictions, said Alicia Amarilla, leader of the National Coordination of Rural and Indigenous Women (CONAMURI), member of CLOC – Vía Campesina.

    10 January 2017

    Residents were attacked by police forces Monday in order to evict them in Guahory, in the department of Caaguazu.

    Responding to the urgent request of Paraguayan campesinos, who were violently evicted from their land, Paraguay's Permanent Legislative Commission held a meeting with the National Institute of Rural and Land Development, INDRT, director Justo Cardenas to try to resolve the issue.


    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.



    Displaying 31 - 36 of 366
    National Policies
    January 2000

    In order to meet the challenges of environment and development, the government of Lesotho has elaborated this National Strategy of Biological Diversity in 2000.The strategy presents the following vision: Lesotho’s diversity of life systems are supported and protected by a nation which is environmentally conscious, whose people are in balanced existence with the natural environment, while deriving in diminishing and continuing benefits from the conservation benefits from the conservation and sustainable use of its biological diversity.In order to make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more

    December 2015

    This Act amends the Property Transfer Tax Act in section 3, 4 and 6. In section a minor amendment is made concerning delegation of functions and powers of Commissioner. The amendment of section 4 concerns the rate of tax in respect of a mining right or an interest in the mining right in and respect of land. Section 6 is amended in provisions concerning exemption from the provisions of this Act of any public benefit organisation or trust listed as such under the Income Tax Act.

    Amends: Property Transfer Tax Act (Cap. 340). (2005)

    National Policies
    January 2015

    This Plan is designed to propel Uganda towards middle income status by 2020, in line with the aspiration of Uganda’s Vision 2040. This Plan aims at strengthening Uganda’s competitiveness for sustainable wealth creation, employment and inclusive growth.This Plan prioritizes investment in five areas with the greatest multiplier effect on the economy, which are: (i) agriculture, (ii) tourism, (iii) minerals, oil and gas, (iv) infrastructure development, (v) human capital development.The Plan sets key four objectives to be attained during the five year period.

    February 2001

    The Collegium of the State Land Committee was established on 13 February 1998 upon the Ministerial Decree № 25. By this Decree, number and composition of members of the Collegium are reapproved by the Council of Ministers. The Collegium shall be composed of 15 members and the Chairman of the State Land Committee shall chair the Collegium.

    March 1992

    Various amendments concern the allocation of land and Allocation Authorities. Section 10A concerns conversion of titles in residential land in rural areas, whereas section 36A grants power to the Minister to delegate his/her powers under sections 35 or 36 to the Commissioner. Section 59A concerns the voluntary transfer by allottees or lessees of land to the State by written agreement Section 62A provides for the issue of a certificate in the case land is set aside under the Act for purposes of State.

    Amends: Land Act, 1979 (Act No. 17 of 1979). (1979)