In Paraguay, land is still a factor that determines the living conditions of a majority of the population. Current land tenure is characterized by a huge concentration of land being put in the hands of a small group of landowners. This unequal distribution of land is the result of a long and contentious history that has caused the dispossession and uprooting of thousands of men and women in the countryside. Meanwhile, others have managed to remain in their communities through enormous sacrifice and willpower.

The factors that caused this complex and system of land tenure are multiple. One of them is legislation regarding land ownership and access for the peasant and indigenous populations. However, it is important to mention that the current legislation has positive and negative characteristics. What aggravates the rural population’s situation is the way in which these laws are applied in practice by relevant agencies, where in certain respects they are rigorously enforced while in others the laws only exists on paper, as they are systematically violated to the detriment of peasants and indigenous people.

Disclaimer: The data displayed on the Land Portal is provided by third parts indicated as the data source or as the data provider. The Land Portal team is constantly working to ensure the highest possible standard of data quality and accuracy, yet the data is by its nature approximate and will contain some inaccuracies. The data may contain errors introduced by the data provider(s) and/or by the Land Portal team. In addition, this page allows you to compare data from different sources, but not all indicators are necessarily statistically comparable. The Land Portal Foundation (A) expressly disclaims the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of any data and (B) shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or other defects in, delays or interruptions in such data, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon. Neither the Land Portal Foundation nor any of its data providers will be liable for any damages relating to your use of the data provided herein.


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Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF)

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    • Very Good Practice
    • Good Practice
    • Weak Practice
    • Very Weak Practice
    • Missing Value

    Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure

    Legend: National laws adoption of the VGGT principle
    • Fully adopt
    • Partially adopt
    • Not adopted
    • Missing Value

    Note: The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (The VGGTs) were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security in 2012.

    The "VGGT indicators" dataset has been created by Nicholas K. Tagliarino, PhD Candidate at the University of Groningen, with support from Daniel Babare and Myat Noe (LLB Students, University of Groningen). The indicators assess national laws in 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America against international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established by Section 16 of the VGGTs.

    Each indicator relates to a principle established in section 16 of the VGGTs. Hold the mouse against the small "i" button above for a more detailed explanation of the indicator.

    Answering the questions posed by these indicators entails analyzing a broad range of national-level laws, including national constitutions, land acquisition acts, land acts, community land acts, agricultural land acts, land use regulations, and some court decisions.


    Latest News

    6 February 2017

    Date: 4 February 2017

    Source: Radio Mundo Real

    The main conflicts in Paraguay are related to land and the territory, and peasant women are at the forefront of evictions, said Alicia Amarilla, leader of the National Coordination of Rural and Indigenous Women (CONAMURI), member of CLOC – Vía Campesina.

    10 January 2017

    Residents were attacked by police forces Monday in order to evict them in Guahory, in the department of Caaguazu.

    Responding to the urgent request of Paraguayan campesinos, who were violently evicted from their land, Paraguay's Permanent Legislative Commission held a meeting with the National Institute of Rural and Land Development, INDRT, director Justo Cardenas to try to resolve the issue.


    23 January 2017 to 24 February 2017
    Raquel Ludermir Bernardino
    Maria Luisa Alvarado

    In Latin American and the Caribbean region (LAC), millions of families lack access to land for shelter or live in insecure tenure under a constant threat of being evicted from their homes. Land conflicts and forced evictions are increasingly reported and a key issue in the advocacy agenda of civil society and grassroots organizations.

    23 October 2016 to 25 November 2016
    Alejandro Diez
    Sergio Coronado
    Juan Pablo Chumacero

    Generally, most rural land in the world has been in the hands of local peasant communities and indigenous peoples under customary land tenure systems; historically although, land ownership in rural areas, and natural resources contained in it, have been a source of tension between different actors with different ways to understand and take ownership. In this conflict of interest, usually rural and indigenous communities with collective forms of property, have lost out.



    Displaying 19 - 24 of 366
    November 1994

    This Decree validates the Regulation on experimental allotment on unused land and land of marginally profitable or unprofitable agricultural enterprises to citizens on condition of life-long hereditary possession. The aforesaid land shall be used for agricultural purposes. The dimensions of land area shall be established with the consideration of local conditions but shall not exceed 5 hectares for irrigated areas and 15 hectares for non-irrigated areas.

    September 2012

    This Proclamation provides for a transparent and efficient administration of investment in Ethiopia and mitigating the impacts of environmental pollution relating to investment projects. Any investor shall have the obligation to observe the laws of the country in carrying out his investment activities. In particular, he or she shall give due regard to environmental protection. The provisions of this Proclamation may not be applicable to investments in the prospecting, exploration and development of minerals and petroleum resources. Investments may be made in the water sector.

    December 1967

    The Act makes provision for certain aspects of district administration and the recognition, appointment and functions of Chiefs and Village Headmen. The Act sets out the functions and powers of various local public officers and in particular of Chiefs. They shall carry out the traditional functions of the office under customary law in so far as the discharge of such functions is not contrary to the Constitution or any written law.

    October 2008

    Le présent décret crée une Commission d'Attributions de Terrains en Zones Urbaines (CATZU).La Commission d'Attributions de Terrains en Zones Urbaines (CATZU) est chargée de: a) Centraliser, analyser, traiter toutes les demandes de terrains en zones urbaines à usage d'habitation et industriels; b) Arrêter la liste des attributaires; c) Transmettre la liste des attributaires à la Direction en charge du Cadastre pour compétence; d) Vérifier que les attributaires se soient acquittés dans les délais requis de leurs obligations.

    May 2001

    The present Law regulates relations connected with legal basis of activity in the sphere of land use planning between organs of state power, local self-government, authorized institutions in the field of management of land resources, natural and legal persons as regards ensuring rational use and protection of land resources. The document consists of 5 Chapters that contain 36 articles. Chapter 1 (arts. 1-7) lays down general provisions. Chapter 2 (arts. 8-13) regards management of land use planning activity. Chapter 3 (arts.

    November 2009

    Le présent décret détermine les modalités de mise en oeuvre des missions, de la composition, de l'organisation et du fonctionnement de la Commission Nationale des Terres et Autres Biens.La Commission a pour missions de connaître les litiges relatifs aux terres et autres biens opposant les sinistrés à des tiers ou à des services publics ou privés; faire l’inventaire des terres de l’Etat, identifier et proposer la récupération de celles qui ont été irrégulièrement attribuées ou détournées de leur destination; connaître toutes les affaires lui soumises par les sinistrés; Fournir une assis